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For the Apex English 9 Unit 1 test.

mood (atmosphere)

It refers to the general feeling you get when you read a story, and is usually established through details the author provides about the setting. It also helps set expectations in the reader for what will happen in a story.

basic situation (exposition)

The first part of the plot, in which the author gives the reader details about characters and setting. It sets the stage for the story's central conflict.

chronological order

The actions or events in a story are presented to the reader in the order in which they occur (in other words, the author doesn't use flashbacks or flash-forwards).


The highest point of interest or suspense in the story, the most intense moment of conflict.


The second part of the plot, in which the author introduces and develops the conflict.

resolution (denouement)

The moment when all of the struggles are resolved and we know what has happened (or what will happen) to the main characters.

details (imagery)

Words or phrases that appeal to the senses - primarily sight, but also sound, touch, smell, taste - and that help the reader imagine the scene.

external conflict

A struggle between opposing forces. The main character struggles with another character, with nature (a storm, a drought, and so on), or society (the expectations of a group or culture, and so on).


An interruption in the chronological order of event. It shows something that will happen later in the story.


An interruption in the chronological order of event. It shows something that happened earlier in the story.


Hints or suggestions that indicate what is going to happen in a story. It stimulates interest and suspense and helps prepare the reader for the outcome.

internal conflict

A struggle between opposing forces. The struggle occurs inside the character, in his or her mind.


A series of related events that constitute "what happens" in a story.


The time and place (and sometimes the social or cultural environment) of a story.


The author's attitude toward the characters and events in a story. Sometimes it refers to the author's attitude toward the reader as well.


To make a guess about what's going to happen based on observation or instinct.


Full of mystery.

linking verb

Connects a pronoun to a proper name.

objective form

The form that occurs when the pronoun is the object of the sentence.

personal narrative

A story where the author is the main character such as a personal story about something that's happened in the author's life.


Change or adjust.

subjective case

The case that occurs when the pronoun is subject of the sentence.

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