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59 terms

Vocabulary for the College Bound Student Chapter 3 Sets 21-25

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analogy
likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison
arbitrary
autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy
arbitrate
1.) decide a dispute, acting as a judge 2.) submit a dispute
axiom
self-evident truth; maxim
axiomatic
self-evident; universally accepted as true
bias
opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality
bigoted
intolerant; narrow-minded
bigotry
views or behavior of one intolerantly devoted to one's own beliefs and prejudices; narrow-mindedness; intolerance
cogitate
think over; consider with care; ponder; deliberate
criterion
standard; rule or tests for judging
crux
most important point; essential part
deduce
derive by reasoning; infer
dilemma
situation requiring a choice between two equality bad alternatives; predicament
dogmatic
asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated; asserted without proof; doctrinaire
eclectic
choosing (ideas, methods, etc.) from various sources; selective
fallacious
based on an erroneous idea; misleading; deceptive
fallible
liable to be mistaken
heterodox
rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; heretical; nonconformist
hypothetical
supposed; having the characteristics of a supposition made as a basis for reasoning or research
illusion
misleading appearance; false impression; misconception
indubitable
certain; incontrovertible; indisputable
orthodox
generally accepted, especially in religion; conventional; approved
paradoxical
having the characteristics of being a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless be true
plausible
apparently trustworthy; superficially true or reasonable
preposterous
senseless; absurd; irrational
rational
1.) able to think clearly; having the power to reason 2.) based on or agreeable to reason; intelligent; sensible; sane
rationalize
invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc.
sophistry
clever but deceptive reasoning
specious
superficially true, reasonable, attractive, or just, but not really so
speculate
1.) reflect; meditate; conjecture 2.) buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations
tenable
capable of being maintained or defended; defensible
amorphous
shapeless; having no definite form; unorganized
concave
curved inward, creating a hollow space
contour
outline of a figure
distort
1.) twist out of shape 2.) change from the true meaning
malleable
1.) capable of being shaped by hammering, as a metal 2.) adaptable; pliant
rotund
1.) rounded out; plump 2.) full-toned
sinuous
bending in and out; winding; serpentine
symmetrical
balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line into similar halves
symmetry
balance; harmony
grave
deserving serious attention; weighty; momentous
nugatory
of little or no value; trifling; worthless; useless
paltry
practically worthless; trashy; piddling; petty
paramount
chief; above others; supreme
relevant
bearing upon the matter in hand; pertinent
coy
pretending to be shy
demure
1.) falsely modest or serious; coy 2.) grave; prim
diffident
lacking self-confidence; unduly timid; shy
modest
not thinking too highly of one's merits; unpretentious; humble
modesty
freedom from conceit or vanity; unpretentiousness; humility
staid
settled; of quiet disposition; sedate
brazen
1.) shameless; impudent 2.) made of brass or bronze
egoism
excessive concern for oneself; selfishness; conceit
ostentatious
done to impress others; showy; pretentious
overweening
thinking too highly of oneself; arrogant; presumptuous
pert
1.) too free in speech or action; bold; saucy; impertinent 2.) lively; spirited
vain
1.) conceited; excessively proud or concerned about one's personal appearance or achievements 2.) empty; worthless 3.) futile
vainglorious
excessively proud or boastful; elated by vanity
vanity
condition of being too vain about one's appearance or achievements; conceit