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250 terms

kaplan sat level 2-set 2

STUDY
PLAY
intrepid
fearless, resolutely courageous
inundate
to cover with a flood; to overwhelm as if with a flood
itinerant
wandering from place to place; unsettled
laudable
deserving of praise
levity
an inappropriate lack of seriousness, overly casual
libertarian
one who advocates individual rights and free will
libertine
a free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint
malaise
a feeling of unease or depression
malediction
a wish of evil upon another
mannered
artificial or stilted in character
microcosm
a small scale representation of a larger system
misanthrope
a person who hates or distrusts mankind
misnomer
an error in naming a person or place
mollify
to soothe in temper or disposition
necromancy
the practice of communicating with the dead in order to predict the future
nihilism
belief that traditional values and beliefs are unfounded and that existence is useless; belief that conditions in the social organization are so bad as to make destruction desirable
oligarchy
a government in which a small group exercises supreme control
onus
a burden, an obligation
opine
to express an opinion
oscillate
to swing back and forth like a pendulum; to vary between opposing beliefs or feelings
paean
a song or expression of praise
palatial
relating to a place; magnificent
palpable
capable of being touched or felt; easily perceived
panache
flamboyance or dash in style and action
pandemic
occurring over a wide geographic area and affecting a large portion of the population
paradigm
an outstandingly clear or typical example
patent
obvious, evident
pathogenic
causing disease
patrician
aristocratic
penitent
expressing sorrow for sins or offenses, repentant
phalanx
a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things
philistine
a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values
phlegmatic
having a sluggish, unemotional temperament
pique
to arouse anger or resentment in; provoke
platitude
overused and trite remark
plebeian
crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners
politic
shrewd and crafty in managing or dealing with things
portentous
foreshadowing, ominous; eliciting amazment and wonder
posit
to assume as real or conceded; propose as an explanation
potable
suitable for drinking
precipitous
steeply; hastily
presage
something that foreshadows; a feeling of what will happen in the future
preternatural
existing outside of nature; extraordinary; supernatural
prodigal
recklessly extravagant, wasteful
proffer
to offer for acceptance
progenitor
an ancestor in the direct line, forefather; founder
prosaic
relating to prose (as opposed to poetry); dull, ordinary
prostrate
lying face downward in adoration or submission
provincial
limited in outlook, narrow, unsophisticated
pugilism
boxing
pundit
one who gives opinions in an authoritative manner
purport
to profess suppose, claim
rancor
bitter hatred
reactionary
marked by extreme conservatism, especially in politics
refract
to deflect sound or light
relegate
to send into exile, banish; assign
remuneration
payment for goods or services or to recompense for losses
reprove
to criticize or correct, usually in a gentle manner
requite
to return or repay
salacious
appealing to sexual desire
salient
prominent, of notable significance
satiate
to satisfy (as a need or desire) fully or to excess
scrupulous
acting in strict regard for what is considered proper; punctiliously exact
seamy
morally degraded, unpleasant
simian
apelike; relating to apes
sojourn
a temporary stay
sophomoric
exhibiting great immaturity and lack of judgment
sportive
frolicsome, playful
stalwart
marked by outstanding strength and vigor of body, mind or spirit
stint
to be sparing or frugal; to restrict with respect to a share or allowance
stipulate
to specify as a condition or requirement of an agreement or offer
stringent
imposing severe, rigorous standards
supersede
to cause to be set aside; to force out of use as inferior, replace
tempestuous
stormy, turbulent
tenacious
tending to persist or cling; persistent in adhering to something valued or habitual
tenet
a principle, belief, or doctrine accepted by members of a group
tremulous
trembling, timid; easily shaken
trounce
to beat severely, defeat
unfrock
to dethrone, especially of priestly power
veracity
accuracy, truth
verbose
wordy
veritable
being without question, often used figuratively
vilify
to slander, defame
virulent
extremely poisonous; malignant; hateful
visceral
instinctive, not intellectual; deep, emotional
volley
a flight of missile; round of gunshots
wan
sickly pale
winsome
charming, happily engaging
worst
to gain the advantage over, defeat
abate
to decrease, to reduce
abjure
to renounce under oath, to abandon forever; to abstain from
abnegate
to give up; to deny to oneself
abstemious
done sparingly; consuming in moderation
adjure
to appeal to
adroit
skillful; accomplished; highly competent
adumbrate
to give a hint or indication of something to come
animus
a feeling of animosity or ill will
anodyne
a source of comfort; a medicine that relieves pain
aphorism
a short statement of a principle
arable
suitable for cultivation
arrogate
claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right
askance
with disapproval; with a skeptical sideways glance
atavistic
characteristic of former era, ancient
avuncular
like an uncle in behavior, especially in kindness and warmth
bucolic
pastoral, rural
cacophony
a jarring, unpleasant noise
calumny
a false and malicious accusation; misrepresentation
captious
marked by the tendency to point out trivial faults; intended to confuse in an argument
celerity
speed, haste
censorious
critical; tending to blame and condemn
chary
watchful, cautious; extremely shy
chimerical
fanciful; imaginary, impossible
cogent
logically forceful; compelling, convincing
concomitant
existing concurrently
conflagration
big, destructive fire
confluence
to act of two things flowing together; the junction or meeting place where two things meet
consanguineous
having the same lineage or ancestry; related by blood
contiguous
sharing a boundary; neighboring
continence
self-control, self-restraint
coterie
an intimate group of persons with a similar purpose
countervail
to act or react with equal force
declaim
to speak loudly and vehemently
demagogue
leader, rabble-rouser, usually using appeals to emotion or prejudice
diluvial
pertaining to a flood
discomfiting
to disconcert, to make one lose one's composure
dissident
disagreeing with an established religious or political system
doctrinaire
rigidly devoted to theories without regard for practicality; dogmatic
effluvia
waste, odorous fumes given off by waste
epochal
momentous, highly significant
eponymous
giving one's name to a place, book, restaurant
equivocate
to avoid committing oneself in what one says, to be deliberately unclear
ersatz
being an artificial and inferior substitute or imitation
excoriate
to censure scathingly; to express strong disapproval of
extirpate
to root out, eradicate, literally or figuratively; to destroy wholly
extrapolation
using known data and information to determine what will happen in the future, prediction
extrinsic
external, unessential; originating from the outside
extrude
to form or shape something by pushing it out, to force out, especially through a small opening
fallacious
tending to deceive or mislead; based on a fallacy
febrile
feverish, marked by intense emotion or activity
feckless
ineffective, worthless
fictive
fictional, relating to imaginative creation
filibuster
to use obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speech making, in order to delay something
fortuitous
by chance, especially by favorable chance
frenetic
frantic, frenzied
fulsome
abundant; flattering in an insincere way
galvanize
to shock; to arouse awareness
gamely
spiritedly, bravely
gauche
lacking social refinement
grandiloquence
pompous talk; fancy but meaningless language
gregarious
outgoing, sociable
harangue
to give a long speech
hegemony
the domination of one state or group over its allies
heretical
departing from accepted beliefs or standards, oppositional
histrionics
deliberate display of emotion for effect; exaggerated behavior calculated for effect
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
husband
to manage economically; to use sparingly
ignoble
having low moral standards, not noble in character; mean
illusory
producing illusion, deceptive
imperious
commanding, domineering; urgent
imperturbable
unshakably calm and steady
implacable
inflexible; not capable of being changed or pacified
importunate
troublesomely urgent; extremely persistent in request or demand
imprecation
a curse
impute
to lay the responsibility or blame for, often unjustly
incarnadine
red, especially blood red
inchoate
being only partly in existence; imperfectly formed
insensate
lacking sensibility and understanding, foolish
insuperable
incapable of being surmounted or overcome
interlocutor
ones who takes part in conversation
internecine
equally devastating to both sides
interregnum
a temporary halting of the usually operations of government or control
inveterate
firmly established, especially with respect to a habit or attitude
irascible
easily angered, hot-tempered
jocular
playful, humorous
junta
a small governing body, especially after a revolutionary seizure of power
largess
generous giving (as of money) to others who may seem inferior
lexicon
a dictionary; a stock of terms pertaining to a particular subject or vocabulary
licentious
immoral; unrestrained by society
loquacious
talkative
macabre
having death as a subject; dwelling on the gruesome
macrocosm
the whole universe; a large-scale reflection of a part of the great world
malapropism
the accidental, often comical, use of a word which resembles the one intended, but has a different often contradictory meaning
malfeasance
wrongdoing or misconduct, especially by a public official
mawkish
sickeningly sentimental
mellifluous
having a smooth, rich flow
milieu
the physical or socials setting in which something occurs or develops, environment
mordant
biting and caustic in manner and style
mores
fixed customs or manners; moral attitudes
mote
a small particle, speck
neonate
a newborn child
nomenclature
a system of scientific names
obdurate
stubbornly persistent, resistant to persuasion
obfuscate
to confuse, make obscure
opprobrious
disgraceful, shameful
ossify
to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern
palimpsest
an object or place having diverse layers or aspects beneath the surface
panegyric
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
peculate
to embezzle
pecuniary
relating to money
pellucid
transparently clear in style or meaning, easy to understand
penury
an oppressive lack of resources (as money), sever poverty
peregrinate
to travel on foot
philology
the study of ancient texts and languages
polyglot
a speaker of many languages
potentate
a ruler; one who wields great power
prestidigitation
a cleverly executed trick or deception; sleight of hand
promulgate
to make known by open declaration, proclaim
proscribe
to condemn or forbid as harmful or unlawful
puissant
powerful
punctilious
concerned with precise details about codes or conventions
rapacious
taking by force; driven by greed
recapitulate
to review by a brief summary
recidivism
a tendency to relapse into a previous behavior, especially criminal behavior
rostrum
an elevated platform for public speaking
sanctimonious
hypocritically devout; acting morally superior to another
saturnine
cold and steady in mood, gloomy; slow to act
sedition
behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state
seminal
influential in an original way, providing a basis for further development; creative
seraphic
angelic, sweet
sinecure
a well-paying job or office that requires little or no work
sobriquet
a nickname
solicitous
anxious, concerned; full of desire, eager
specious
having the ring of truth but actually being untrue; deceptively attractive
stasis
a state of static balance or equilibrium
stratify
to arrange or divide into layers
strident
loud, harsh, unpleasantly noisy
superfluous
extra, more than necessary
supplant
to replace (another) by force, to take the place of
sybarite
a person devoted to pleasure and luxury
tantamount
equal in value or effect
tautological
having to do with needless repetition, redundancy
temerity
unreasonable or foolhardy disregard for danger
temporal
having to do with time
tenuous
having little substance or strength; flimsy, weak
titular
existing in title only; having a title without the functions or responsibilities
toady
one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors
tortuous
having many twists and turns; highly complex
truculent
disposed to fight, belligerent
turgid
swollen as from a fluid, bloated
tutelage
guardianship, guidance
usury
the practice of lending money at exorbitant rates
variegated
varied; marked with different colors
vernal
related to spring; fresh
vim
vitality and energy
vituperate
to abuse verbally, berate
vociferous
loud, noisy
voluble
talkative, speaking easily, glib
wax
to increase gradually; to begin to be
zenith
the point of culmination; peak
zephyr
a gentle breeze; something airy or unsubstantial