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25 terms

Cultural Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Culture
A system of learned and shared ideas for a group of people. It is their way of life.
Norms
A standard, model or pattern within a culture that influences behavior.
Technological norms
How a society makes or performs something.
Social norms
How a society interacts with others.
Value norms
A culture's ideas about what is right or wrong, good or bad and are used to make decisions.
Roles
Groups of norms that define an expected behavior.
Institution
A large group of norms and roles that provide for the basic needs of society.
Economics
Provides goods and services.
Politics
Makes decisions for the group.
Family
Replaces dying members and cares for infants.
Recreation
Provides relaxation and relieves tension.
Education
Teaches the culture to the young.
Religious
Provides for the spirit and explains the unknown.
Teleological goal
A culture's definition of the meaning of life or the major goal of the members of the culture.
Anthropology
Study of humans that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
Archaeology
Study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, especially those that have been excavated.
Anthropology Rule of Thumb
Everything has a purpose if you understand the culture. Do not judge or criticize. Examine information without emotion.
Topography
Includes the mountains, hills and plains of a region.
Vegetation
All the plants or plant life of a place, taken as a whole: the Nile valley.
Polytheism
To worship more than one god.
Monotheism
To worship only one god.
Republic
People choose leaders to represent them and make decisions on their behalf.
Diffusion
Spread of ideas.
Society
An organized group of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes.
Cultural region
A geographical unit based on characteristics and functions of culture not on national borders.