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A system of learned and shared ideas for a group of people. It is their way of life.


A standard, model or pattern within a culture that influences behavior.

Technological norms

How a society makes or performs something.

Social norms

How a society interacts with others.

Value norms

A culture's ideas about what is right or wrong, good or bad and are used to make decisions.


Groups of norms that define an expected behavior.


A large group of norms and roles that provide for the basic needs of society.


Provides goods and services.


Makes decisions for the group.


Replaces dying members and cares for infants.


Provides relaxation and relieves tension.


Teaches the culture to the young.


Provides for the spirit and explains the unknown.

Teleological goal

A culture's definition of the meaning of life or the major goal of the members of the culture.


Study of humans that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.


Study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, especially those that have been excavated.

Anthropology Rule of Thumb

Everything has a purpose if you understand the culture. Do not judge or criticize. Examine information without emotion.


Includes the mountains, hills and plains of a region.


All the plants or plant life of a place, taken as a whole: the Nile valley.


To worship more than one god.


To worship only one god.


People choose leaders to represent them and make decisions on their behalf.


Spread of ideas.


An organized group of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes.

Cultural region

A geographical unit based on characteristics and functions of culture not on national borders.

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