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90 terms

US History Honors - ch. 6,7,8 Test

An overview for the test Thursday.
New England
Which colony system had small farms/towns, and mostly exported lumber and fish?
New England
Which colony system housed mainly middle-class immigrants (Scottish, Irish) and was the LEAST diverse colony system?
New England
Which colony system included New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island?
Which colony system included New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware?
Which colony system's economy was based on farming/commerce (wheat, barely rice) ?
Which colony system was the MOST ethnically diverse, with the most religious tolerance of them all?
Which colony system included Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia?
Which colony system's economy was based on cash crops, with few towns and merchants?
Which colony system had large plantations, owned the most slaves, and mainly housed poor, single men and indentured servants?
the middle passage
____ is the name of the slave voyage from Europe to the New World.
strike/refusal to work
____ is the most common form of slave revolt.
Stono Rebellion
_____ is the name of the most documented slave uprising that brought in fear for white plantation owners and lead to more laws.
(true/false) : It was possible for blacks to gain freedom is the Southern or Middle colony system and impossible for them to gain freedom in the New England system.
(true/false) : Slaves that were free did NOT experience discrimination.
(true/false) : Most women were housemakers during this time period and had no political respect.
New England
_____ colony system became the leaders in public education; however, colleges were few and expensive.
Louis XIV
Which king of France was interested in establishing colonies during the early 1600's?
Samuel de Champlain
_____ was known as the "Father of New France" and was the infamous leader who befriended the Huron Indian tribe, which would lead to conflict in the French/Indian war.
(true/false) : The French crown did not have absolute control over French colonists in Canada.
(true/false) : Britain gives a salutary neglect, different from France, who does not.
(true/false) : The main goal for the French's colonies was to bring families, and the main goal for Britain's colonies was for fur trade.
In 1750, there were only 60,000 (French or Britain?) settlers their colonies.
French, British, French
3 differences between France and Britain: not as much economic motive for ____ (French or British?) because they owned land at home. Religiously, ____ (French or British?) settled New England for the center of Puritan faith. Lastly, ____ (French or British?) government favored Caribbean islands rather than the cold, dry land of Canada.
Queen Anne's war, King George's war, King William's war, French and Indian war
What were the 4 wars fought in the colonies between 1754-1763?
To obtain the Ohio River Valley trading area.
What was the main purpose of the French/Indian war?
(true/false) : The British style of warfare was much more gentlemanly and structured than the Indian Guerrilla style of ambushing and gory attacks.
Ft. Dusque
What was the main fort that the French built to discourage British from moving into the Ohio River Valley?
Albany Congress
The ____ (1754) was a meeting of 7 delegates in New York to discuss the goal of the Iraquois staying true to the British (achieving greater colonial unity and building up a greater common defense against French)
Albany Plan of Union, Benjamin Franklin
The 3 goals of the _______ (organized by _______) calls to unite the colonies under British rule, to cooperate with others in war, and to create an American Continental Assembly with delegates from every colony.
(true/false) : The colonies did NOT agree to the Albany Plan of Union because they liked doing their own individual things. The British government did NOT agree as well because they would lose power.
General Braddock
_____ was an older general for the British who seized Ft. Dusque, but was ambushed and killed.
Prime Minister Pitt
_____, otherwise known as the "organizer of victory", wanted to put the younger generals in charge and focused on seizing the 3 Canadian colonies of Louisbourg, Quebec, and Montreal.
In ____, the tide turned when British cut French to America shipping and seized Louisbourg.
3 reasons Britain was losing control of the colonies: ___ in colonies became aware of their strength, the colonies discover that the British is not invincible, and colonies felt that they deserved respect.
Paris, Spain, Spain
Treaty of ____ (1763) : France gives Canada to Britain and surrendered claims to the Ohio River, and gives Trans Mississippi Louisiana to ____ because of their help in the Caribbean. ____ also gives Florida to Britain in exchange for Cuba.
______'s Rebellion (Spring 1763): an Ottowa Indian chief plans to get rid of the British, but failed because of supply shortage and failure to capture Detroit, Niagra, and Ft. Pitt.
Proclamation of 1763
The British government enacted the ________ that prohibited settlers from moving West of the Appalachian because Indians inhabited there.
(true/false) : France won the French/Indian war.
_______ was an idea that believed the main goal was working towards the common good, and was opposed to monarchy.
______ were a group of people that were scared to lose their liberties, and warned people about mercantilism (the belief that a country's power equals their wealth)
______ was an idea that a country's power equals the wealth they have or the most land.
(true/false) : The colonies actually helped Britain the the beginning by being self-sufficient, creating a market, and having a money flow that stays within the British empire.
_______ Act (passed in 1600's): any goods flowing to/from colonies could only be transported on British ships; any European goods going to the colonies had to go through Britain first; certain colony products (tobacco) could only be sold to Britain.
Positives to the ______ Act: colonies could still make money by smuggling; for tobacco sellers, good British market; still get to have British navy's protection
Negatives to the _____ Act: colonies become dependent on British creditors; stifles economic initiative in the colonies; made the colonists feel a state of "economic adolescence"
Because British citizens complained how they were getting taxed and the colonists were not, the _____ Act of 1764 was made the 1st law to raise tax revenue in the colonies, trying to combat smugglers.
false (not uproar, just complaining)
(true/false) : The passing of the Sugar Act raised an extreme uproar or discontent among the colonists.
_____ Act: colonists were forced to house British militia.
The _____ Act (1765) was a direct tax on anything printed in the colonies. This is when the phrase "no taxation without representation" was created.
James Otis
______ puts together a protest to combat the Stamp Act of 1765, in which the colonists vandalized, burned and destroyed British property.
The _____ Act (1766) was passed directly after the Stamp Act, which allows British Parliament to make any decision regarding the colonies, whatsoever.
Sons of Liberty
Patrick Henry and Sam Adams were included in a patriotic colonist group for males known as the ______.
The _____ Act was declared, by the British, that any shipment of glass would directly tax merchants and not colonists.
Boston Massacre
The _____ was a small and unplanned battle, taking place on a winter night where a couple of drunk colonists threw snowballs at British militia. All of a sudden, a shot rang out, and the colonists were outraged at the British firing in such a playful situation that it turned into a brawl with about 5 colonists killed.
Paul Revere
Patriot ______ designed many signs of propaganda against the British, dramatically interpreting the Boston Massacre as a complete British fault.
Boston Tea Party
The ______ : Parliament keeps a tax on tea to show power, and the colonists combat this by dressing like Indians and sneaking aboard British ships to dump tea into the bay.
The ______ Acts : Following the Boston Tea Party, this new set of laws included The Boston Port Act (closed until the tea was paid for), precious chartered rights of Massachusetts being taken away, the Act for the Impartial Administration of Justice (British militia that 'committed offense' in colonies would be subject to biased trial back home), and a new Quartering Act (1st one expired).
The _____ Acts: because of the 60,000 French still living in Canada, this law allowed the French to maintain religion (Catholic), customs, traditions, and the right to no trial by jury. It also extended the province of Quebec further South (claimed by Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Virginia).
Sam Adams
_____ organized the 1st Committee of Correspondence (Boston, September 1774) to have a face-to-face discussion about all of the recent Acts.
The _____ : a complete boycott of British goods, and a planned petition to the King stating rights, violation, and how it can be fixed.
(true/false) : The response to the colonist's 1st petition to the King was so good that it ended all future conflict with the British empire and the colonists.
The 2nd Continental Congress met on May of _____.
Lexington and Concord
Battles of _________ : Thomas Gage (British) plans to capture Patrick Henry and other patriots in April 1775. Colonist minutemen receive word and prepare for battle, cornering British forces into the low grounds of Boston, where they are trapped.
(true/false) : All colonies attended the 1st Continental Congress except Georgia; all colonies attended the 2nd Continental Congress.
(true/false) : George Washington was chosen to lead the colonist army to victory not because of his moral or intelligence but merely by is skills in warfare.
(true/false) : The Olive Branch Petition made it completely clear that the colonists were ready to secede from the British empire.
Olive Branch
The _______ : A petition proclaiming the colonists' British loyalty and basically begging the King's forgiveness from the Battle of Lexington and Concord defeat for the British. The King's response was not a pleasant one.
Thomas Paine, Common Sense
_____ was a colonist known for writing popular books on the colony's political updates. He wrote "_______", which discussed republicanism and wrote in an understandable language for all colonies, promoting independence and not suggesting monarchy (more of a republic).
July 4th, 1776
What was the exact date of the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson, Richard Henry Lee
____ was chosen to be the writer of the Declaration of Independence, and _____ was the official "declarer".
Abigail Adams, John Adams
"Remember the Ladies" : ____ writing to ____ about how women should be treated equally during these war times.
________ : a group of colonists who were generally well-educated, older, wealthier, and stressed the importance of religion and royalty with often split families.
(true/false) : The colonists had a 100% victory on the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Bunker Hill
The Battle of ______ : nearing the end of the Revolution, the British forces take higher ground with 6,000 militia. The outcome of this battle makes Britain start to recruit new men for their army, preferably foreign tough-guys called Hessians. Ironically, there were a higher number of British casualties than colonists, though they had more men.
(true/false) : The difference between traditional European warfare and Revolutionary warfare was that Revolutionary didn't try to seize main places, but simply stay put and don't give up hope.
paper money
Hard times for the colonists during the Revolutionary war mainly included shortages of food/supplies, inflation (merchants being hesitant to accept ______ rather than gold), and women having to work maintaining business and farms while still attending to the home.
Long Island
General George Washington was outnumbered on the Battle of _____ and was forced to retreat to New Jersey.
Thomas Paine, The Crisis
Problems of Winter War: The US is losing morale, questioning the war and it's outcome. As a reaction to this, _____ writes another book, "_____", about the recognization of bad moral and boosting hope/spirit.
Delaware, Trenton, Princeton
December 26th, 1776 : George Washington suggests sneaky offensives to combat British once and for all, crossing the _____ river and overtaking the Hessians in _____ first. He then marches his troops directly into _____, which was an excellent adrenaline booster for the colonist militia.
The Battle of _____ : The British plan to cut off New England completely to trap the colonists, but the plan doesn't work because one British general, General Burgoyne, gets caught up in Winter fighting (wives were traveling with the soldiers, much heavy supplies to carry), and ends up having to fight against Benedict Arnold. The other British general, General Howe, was given orders to march into New York but assumes that his partner has got everything under control and proceeds to conquer a mansion in Philadelphia.
October, _____ : General Burgoyne is trapped by colonist militia and agreeably surrenders to American forces. It is seen as the largest American victory up to this point in the war, and is considered a major "turning point". Meanwhile, the French have been watching for American victory and decide to jump into the war.
Alliance, Amity and Commerce
French Alliances : "Treaty of _______" : both sides would have to fight until American Independence, no side would make peace with Britain without consent of the other, and each guaranteed the other's possessions in America from present, and forever, against all other powers. "Treaty of _______" : France recognized US as an individual country, and offered trading privileges.
Spain, Holland, armed neutrality
European countries _____ and ____ allied with the USA later in the Revolutionary War to combat the British, and all other European countries were proclaimed "________" (a phrase coined by Catherine the Great in 1600's); it defines a unity of "passive hostility" against Britain (cutting off trade, etc.)
Southern, Cornwallis
Britain invasion of the South : King George III has an idea to invade the _____ colonies in search of plentiful Loyalists ("Tories") but does not discover as many as he is looking for. Instead, tables turn on him when British officials (including General ______, the leader of "awakening" the Loyalists) are too brutal in trying to convince colonists of this area to support Britain. He also takes control of Savannah and Charleston.
1777, also known as the "____ Year" on the Frontier : Americans burn Indian land to prove that Britain isn't helping them.
Fort Stanwix
Treaty of _____ (1784) : This was the 1st treaty of US government and Indians officially.
_______ : a term for "legalized pirates" created to annoy the British.
Cornwallis, Yorktown
Final Battle : When General ______ settles at _____ to rest, French forces cut off the coast and American forces approach from the West, cutting off the British completely. This is when the official surrender of Britain takes place, as it is seen to be the last major battle of the Revolutionary War.
sending second class officers, George Washington
Reasons for Patriot success: Britain made the mistake of underestimating the patriots, mainly by _______; Britain misunderstood the political nature of the conflict; patriots were highly motivated and benefited from their main military leader, General ________; had the support of France
2nd Treaty of ______ (1783) : colonists sent Ben Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay. Britain must recognize US independence; Britain must remove its troops from the area; establishes U.S. boundaries; U.S. receives a share of fisheries in Newfoundland; congress pledged to recommend that rights and property of Loyalists be restored, and that no future action would be taken against them; States vowed to put no lawful obstacles in the way of the collection of debts owed to British creditors for pre-Revolution crimes