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Plato's philosophy of human nature
1. natural human goal: eudaimonia
2. three parts/capacities of the soul
desire for things we need to survive or thrive physically, things which are usually pleasant -- food, water, warmth, sex, etc.
analogy between classes of the Republic and parts of the soul
1. working class -- appetites
2. military -- thumos
3. rulers -- reason/intellect
an attitude of moderation toward pleasure, especially physical pleasures of food, drink, and sex
an attitude of strength in the face of danger or in situations that cause fear or confidence
the ability to recognize the best possible goal or result in a given situation and to figure out what actions to take to get to that goal
cardinal virtues in the Republic
1. working class -- temperance
2. military -- courage
3. rulers -- wisdom
4. the whole city/state -- justice
cardinal virtues in the soul
1. appetites -- temperance
2. thumos -- courage
3. reason/intellect -- wisdom
4. the whole soul -- justice
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