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human dev ch 12
Terms in this set (50)
Felix is unaware that he is overbearing, grandiose, and that he seeks everyone's attention. He sees himself as warm and friendly. This self-centered behavior could be defined as
According to research, which of the following are strong predictors of educational attainment?
- parental education
- effortful control
- grade point average
Religious beliefs, political views, relationship status, personality, and sexual orientation are components of
According to contemporary identity theory, identity development
is accomplished in bits and pieces.
Which of the following are Marcia's four statuses of identity?
_______ refers to a self-centered and self-concerned approach toward others.
How is commitment defined by Marcia?
personal investment in identity
______ is described as involving inhibiting impulses and not engaging in destructive behavior, focusing and maintaining attention, and initiating and completing tasks that have long-term value.
Religious beliefs, political views, relationship status, personality, and sexual orientation are components of a person's
What determines identity diffusion?
absence of both crisis and commitment
According to contemporary identity theorists, decisions ______ during the process of identity development.
must be made again and again
According to James Marcia, identity status is based on
crisis and commitment.
Which of the following statuses describes an individual who has made a commitment without experiencing a crisis?
Most researchers use ______ to refer to the period of identity development during which an adolescent chooses among meaningful alternatives
What defines identity moratorium?
presence of a crisis but not of a commitment
Identity _______ refers to the state in which individuals who have not yet experienced a crisis and have not made a commitment.
Identity ______ refers to an individual who experienced a crisis and made a commitment.
Which of the following best characterizes how people with a bicultural identity identify?
in some ways with their ethnic group and in some ways with the majority culture
If a religious change is going to take place it will usually take place during
Identity _______happens when an individual is experiencing a crisis but has not yet made a complete commitment.
An important part of the managerial role of parenting is effective parental ______, which includes supervising adolescents' choice of social settings, activities, and friends.
Parent-adolescent conflict increases in
A student identifies herself as Chinese American. She identifies with both Chinese culture and American culture. She has a ______ identity.
Adolescents are ______ younger children to disclose intimate and personal information to their friends.
more likely than
Based on a developmental study, which of the following statements apply to developmental changes in religiousness from ages 14 to 20?
- More change occurred in attending religious services than in religiousness.
- Attendance of religious services declined between 14 and 18 years of age.
- Religiousness, such as frequency of prayer, declined from 14 to 20 years of age.
Effective parental monitoring is linked to all of the following EXCEPT
Which of the following is NOT a factor in the ways cliques form?
During adolescence, parents and teens engage in a delicate balancing act, weighing which THREE of the following needs?
When does parent-adolescent conflict generally decline?
between 17 and 20 years of age
As they enter adolescence, youth typically prefer ______ than in childhood.
- a smaller number of friends
- relationships that are more intimate and intense
True or false: Researchers have found that adolescent boys are more religious than adolescent girls.
Around what age do heterosexual romantic attractions typically first emerge, triggered by puberty?
11 to 13 years of age
Small groups called ______ range in size from 2 to about 12 individuals, averaging about 5 to 6.
Most parents are confronted with their child's needs for autonomy and ______ during adolescence.
As compared to East Asian adolescents, American adolescents spend _____ percent less time on school work.
One study found that higher levels of four factors assessed at the beginning of the sixth grade was linked to higher grade point averages at the end of the seventh grade for children living in poverty. Which of the following is NOT one of the four factors?
Adolescents typically prefer ______ than in childhood.
relationships that are more intimate and intense
a smaller number of friends
Match the developmental stage of heterosexual romantic relationships with the appropriate age range for that stage.
- 11 to 13 years of age -> Developing a crush on someone is common and the crush often is shared with same-sex friends.
- 14 to 16 years of age -> Casual dating emerges, and group dating is common. Friends act as third-party facilitators of potential dating relationships.
- 17 to 19 years of age -> Romantic bonds form that typically last a year or more.
What are the features of cliques?
Members are usually the same sex.
Members are usually the same age.
They average 5 to 6 individuals.
Families where at least one of the parents is born outside the country of residence are considered ______ families.
Which group of adolescents has the most leisure time?
Nighttime mobile phone use among adolescents has been linked to which of the following?
increased externalization of problems
poor sleep behavior
Findings from a longitudinal study in the U.S. found that low SES in adolescence was linked to having a higher level of ______ at age 54 for women.
The label ______ is applied to an adolescent who breaks the law or engages in behavior that is considered illegal.
Approximately ______ percent of adolescents experience major depressive disorder.
15 to 20
Immigration contributes to the increase of _______minorities in the United States.
What are the four interrelated problems that affect the most adolescents?
_____ time refers to how much time individuals spend watching TV, playing video games, and using computers or mobile media.
Female adolescents are ______ to develop depression than are male adolescents.
far more likely
Which of the following is NOT related to delinquency?
average grades in school
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