requires oxygen to live and grow
can live without oxygen
immunoglobulin produced in response to a specific antigen
antibacterial agent that kills bacteria/suppresses their growth
using methods to prevent infection
the most significant and most commonly observed infection-causing agent
process used to destroy microorganisms; destroys all pathogentic organisms except spores
something that occurs with predictability in one specific region/population
infection in which the causative organism comes from microbial life the person himself/herself harbors
infection in which the causative organism is acquired from outside the host
plant-like organisms (molds & yeasts) that can cause infection
Heath-care associated infection (HAI)
an infection that was not present on admission to the hospital and develops during the course of treatment for other conditions
animal or person on or within which organisms live
infection that occurs as a result of a treatment/diagnostic procedure
disease state resulting from pathogens in or on the body
protective procedure designed to prevent the transmission of specific microorganisms
practices designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens
something originating or taking place in the hospital
Personal-Protective equipment (PPE)
gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eye gear designed to minimize/prevent the heath-care worker's exposure to infectious material
natural habitat for the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
CDC precautions used in the care of all patients regardless of their diagnosis/possible infection status
(1) the process by which all microorganisms including spores are destroyed (2) surgical procedure performance to render a person infertile
practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms
CDC precautions used in patients known/suspected to be infected with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes
nonhuman carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and lice, that transmit organisms from one host to another
ability to produce disease
smallest of all microorganisms
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