giving human characteristics to non-human things
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth
an object that is used to represent something else (usually a larger, philosophical and more important idea)
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
a sentence that shows strong feeling. it ends with an exclamation point (!).
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
The direct addressing of a person, an inanimate entity, or an abstract quality as though it were present and listening.
comparison without using like or as
Not speaking directly to avoid unpleasantness.
contrary to what is expected; containing irony
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
saying less than one means, for effect
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
a rhyme between words in the same line
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
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