AP Psychology Unit 3 Practice Q's
Terms in this set (78)
Prozac, a drug commonly prescribed to treat depression, prevents the sending neuron from taking in excess serotonin. Which process does this drug prevent from taking place?
In which brain structure are nerves from the left side of the brain routed to the right side of the body?
The concentration of glucose in active regions of the brain underlies the usefulness of a(n)
Animal research has revealed a general reward system that triggers the release of the neurotransmitter
Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the
parasympathetic nervous system
While relaxing in a lawn chair enjoying a cool drink, which of the following triggers the "rest-and-digest" response, as your heart rate slows and digestion begins?
The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use a(n)
Which cognitive neuroscience term reflects the idea that "much of our everyday thinking, feeling, and acting operates outside our conscious awareness"?
Nerves are neural cables containing many
A football quarterback can simultaneously make calculations of receiver distances, player movements, and gravitational forces. This best illustrates the activity of multiple
mature and affluent
Women are most likely to be sexually attracted to men who seem
The threadlike structures that contain genes are called
Which part of your brain receives information that you are moving your legs?
Two plants are grown under the same environmental conditions, including the same soil conditions and the same amount of light and water, but one grows to 2 feet tall and the other is 1 foot tall. In this case, the heritability would be closest to
Professor Seif conducts research on the relationship between the limbic system and sexual motivation. Her research interests best represent the psychological speciality known as
because heritability accounts for variations among people, not in specific individuals
Why is it incorrect to say that 50 percent heritability of intelligence means that the cause of your intelligence is 50 percent genetic and 50 percent environmental?
brainstem; limbic system; cerebral cortex.
The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is
The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of
Some opiate drugs have molecular structures so similar to endorphins that they mimic endorphin's euphoric effects in the brain, making these opiate drugs which kind of molecule?
oversupply of glutamate
Migraine headaches are most closely linked with an
impact of cultural expectations on human sexual behavior
Critics of evolutionary psychology are most likely to suggest that it underestimates the
sympathetic nervous system
Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your digestive system's stomach muscles by the
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into
Schizophrenia is most closely linked with excess receptor activity for the neurotransmitter
genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness
Research on left-handedness suggests that
the same principles govern neural functioning in all species
Researchers study the brains of non human animals because
A brief electrical charge that travels down an axon is called a(n)
the basic building block of the nervous system is the
Which of the following does the endocrine system rely on to communicate
An individual is having trouble with cognitive tasks related learning and memory. Which of the following neurotransmitters is most likely to be involved with the problem
The most influential of the endocrine glands is (are) the
speed the transmission of information within a neuron
The purpose of the myelin sheath is to
is the part of the nervous system that does not include the brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system
The cells most important for processing information are
Drugs that amplify neurotransmitter activity are called
Somatic nervous system
To walk across a street, a person would rely most directly on his
all psychological processes depend on it
The nervous system is of critical importance to psychology because
the bumps on the skull
Phrenology is the study of
to understand people we must study how biological, psychological, and social cultural systems work and interact.
Understanding people as biopsychosocial systems means that
agonists, because they mimic other neurotransmitters pain-diminishing effects
Opiate drugs such as morphine are classified as
Breathing and heartbeat are controlled by the
Perception, thinking, and language can operate at conscious, deliberate levels and also at unconscious automatic levels. This is best know as
the functions of various brain regions
A PET scan best allows researchers to determine
Damage to the hippocampus would result in
that someone is tickling you
Surgical stimulation of the sensory cortex might result in the false sensation
Awareness of ourselves and our environment best describes
The link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is maintained by the
A researcher interested in determining the size of a particular area of the brain would most likely to use
The support cells that provide nourishment and help the brain in numerous other ways are called
Recognizing someones face
Which of the following is a task more likely to be accomplished by the right hemisphere of the brain
be able to draw a spoon with her left hand but would not be able to say she had seen the spoon
If you flashed a picture of a spoon to the left visual field of a person whose corpus callosum had been severed (so it was transmitted to bed right hemisphere) she would
ability of brain tissue to take new functions
Brain plasticity refers to the
become less aggressive
When Heinrich Klüver and neurosurgeon Paul Bucy surgically lesioned the amygdala of a rhesus monkey's brain, the monkey.
The reward deficiency syndrome argues that addictive disorders may be partially explained by genetic flaws in the
An individual experiences brain damage that produces a coma. Which part of the brain was probably damaged?
it analyzes after the fact using hindsight
One major criticism of the evolutionary perspective in psychology is that
evolutionary psychologist seek to understand how traits and behavioral tendencies have been shaped by
this perspective discounts important genetic influences
Which of the following is not of the main criticisms of the evolutionary psychology explanation of human sexuality
he discovered almost unbelievable similarities between adult identical twins who had been separated near birth
Thomas Bouchard's study of twins is notable, because
The extent to which variation among members of a group can be attributed to genes is called
exists in its entirely in every cell of your body
Your genetic code
Men are attracted to women who appear fertile and capable of bearing children
Which of the following statements has been supported by the research of evolutionary psychologists
women tend to seek men who can provide protection for their children because this has increased the survival rate of children in the past
Which of the following phenomenon that could be explained by natural selection
When the mothers egg and the fathers sperm unite, each contributes
they are the same age and are usually raised in similar environments, but they do not have the same genetic code
Researchers find the study of fraternal twins important, because
group variation in a trait that can be explained by genetics
Heritability refers to the percentage of
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes are called
The study of specific genes and teams of genes that influence behavior is called
The interplay of environment and heredity is called
evaluate whether adopted children more closely resemble their adoptive parents or their biological parents
In an effort to reveal genetic influences on personality, researchers use adoption studies mainly to
Which of the following is considered the fundamental building block of the nervous system?
In neurons, neurotransmitters are released at the
Reduced mood swings
In an emergency situation, the adrenal glands secrete hormones that cause all of the following EXCEPT?
Which of the following structures of the brain has been linked with regulation of hunger and thirst?
A researcher studies the effects of brain lesions in rats. This research study reflects which of the following perspectives?
A bundle of nerve fibers that interconnects the two brain hemispheres is the
Positron emission tomography (PET)
Which of the following provides information regarding brain function by monitoring the brain at work through metabolism of glucose?
Correlations for children and their adoptive parents are statistically significant and positive.
Which of the following results of correlational studies implies that environment contributes to the determination of IQ?