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Art Fundamentals Quiz 2- Color
Terms in this set (38)
art that conforms to established traditions and approved conventions as practiced in formal art schools. Stresses standards, set procedures, and rules.
relating to color perceived only in terms of neutral grays from light to dark, without hue
Color created by superimposing light rays. Adding together (or superimposing) the three primary colors of light-red, blue, and green-will produce white. The secondaries are cyan, yellow, and magenta.
Colors that are closely related in hue. They are usually adjacent to each other on the color wheel.
1. the purity of a hue, or its freedom from white, black, or gray 2. the intensity of a hue 3. usually referred to as saturation in computer programs
pertaining to the presence of color
The relative degree of lightness or darkness demonstrated by a given color.
the visual response to different wavelengths of sunlight identified as red, green, blue, and so on; having the physical properties of hue, intensity, and value
Four colors, equally spaced on the color wheel, containing a primary and its complement and a complementary pair of intermediates. This has also come to mean any organization of color on the wheel forming a rectangle that could include a double split-complement.
three colors, equally spaced on the color wheel, forming an equilateral triangle. the twelve-step color wheel is made up if a primary, a secondary, and two intermediate
two colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel. primary color to secondary color (mixture of two remaining primaries)
any color that has a value level of middle gray or lighter
the generic name of a color (red, blue, green, etc.); also designates a color's position in the spectrum or on the color wheel. determined by the specific wavelength of the color in a ray of light
the saturation, strength, or purity of a hue. high-vivid color, low- dull color
color produced by a mixture of primary color and a secondary color
a group of three intermediate colors that are equally spaced on the color wheel and form an equilateral triangle; two groups are found on the color wheel; red-orange/yellow-green/blue-violet and red-violet/blue-green/yellow-orange
the color as seen in the objective wold (green grass, blue sky, red barn, etc.)
any color that has a value level of middle gray or darker
Having only one hue; may include the complete range of value (of one hue) from white to black.
neutralized (color), neutralization (of color)
color that has been grayed or reduced in intensity by being mixed with any of the neutrals or with a complementary color (so that the mixture contains all three primaries, in equal or unequal amounts)
the inclusion of all color wavelengths will produce white, and the absence of any wavelengths will be perceived as black. No single color is noticed- only a sense of light and dark or the range from white through gray to black
A color altered by the addition of its complement so that the original sensation of hue is lost or grayed
a natural film, usually greenish, that results from the oxidation of bronze or other metallic material
Also colored pigments and/or chemicals applied to a sculptural surface
a color substance that gives its color property to another material by being mixed with it or covering it. Usually insoluble, are added to liquid vehicles to produce paint and ink. Different from dyes, which are dissolved in liquids and give their coloring effects by staining or being absorbed by a material
a preliminary hue that cannot be broken down or reduced into component colors. Basic hues of any color system that in theory can be used to mix all other colors
The three primary colors on the color wheel (red, yellow, and blue), which are equally spaced and form an equilateral triangle.
a color produced by a mixture of two primary colors
The three secondary colors on the color wheel (orange, green, and violet), which are equally spaced and form an equilateral triangle.
shade (of color)
a color produced by mixing black with a hue, which lowers the value level and decreases the quantity of light reflected
when two different colors come into direct contact, contrast intensifies the difference between them
the band of individual colors that results when a beam of white light is broken into its component wavelengths, identifiable as hues
a color and the two colors on either side of its complement
that which is derived from the mind, instead of physical reality, and reflects a personal bias, emotion, or interpretation. tends to be inventive or creative
The sensation of color that is produced when wavelengths of light are reflected back to the viewer after all other wavelengths have been subtracted and/or absorbed.
color resulting from the mixture of all three primaries, two secondary colors, or complementary intermediates. Characterized by the neutralization of intensity and hue. A great variety of them, created by mixing differing amounts of the parent colors, are found on the inner rings of the color wheel, which lead to complete neutralization.
tint (of color)
A color produced by mixing white with a hue, which raises the value level and increases the quantity of light reflected.
tonality, tone (color)
1. A generic term for the quality of a color, often indicating a slight modification in hue, value, or intensity-for example, yellow with a greenish tone. 2. The dominating hue, value, or intensity; for example, artwork containing mostly red and red-orange will have an overall ____ of red (the dominant hue), and areas of color might have a dark _____(indicating the dominant value) or a muted ____ (indicating the dominant intensity level).
1. the relative degree of lightness or darkness
2. the characteristic of color determined by its lightness or darkness or the quantity of light reflected by the color
The arrangement or organization of values that control compositional movement and create a unifying effect throughout a work of art.
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