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51 terms

2008 server 1-3

STUDY
PLAY
windows 2008 standard edition
the most basic server version on which the other servers are based
symmetric multiprocessor
a multiprocessor is known as a _____ computer, which is a computer that uses more than one processor
16
windows server 2008 enterprise edition supports clusters of up to _____ computers
fault tolerant memory sync
windows server 2008 enterprise edition has _____, which enables to resynchronize after after transient memory problems so there is no interruption to current computer activities
hot-add processor
_____ means that a processor can be added to an empty processor slot while the system is running
scripts
_____ are files that contain commands to be run by a computer operating system
windows powershell
is a command-line interface that offers a shell, a customized environment for executing commands and scripts
process
a computer program or portion of a program that is currently running
local area network
a network of computers in relatively close proximity, such as on the same floor or in the same building
unicast
a transmission in which one packet is sent from a server to each client that requests a file or application, such as a video presentation
default gateway
the IP address of the router that has a connection to other networks
MAC
every NIC has a physical address, or _____ address
arp -a
command that shows you the MAC address along with the corresponding IP addresses that the local computer currently has in its ARP cache
tested products
the most up-to-date listing of compatible hardware (and software) is the windows server catalog of _____
creating a partition
a process in which a hard disk section or a complete hard disk is prepared for use by an operating system
sectors
when you format a disk, this process divides the disk into small sections called tracks and _____ for the storage of files by a particular file system
POSIX.1
NTFS follows the _____ standard, which includes case-sensitive filenames and the use of mutliple filenames
journaling
_____ by a file system means that it tracks changes to files and keeps a record of these changes in a separate log file
hard link
enables you to create one file and then establish links to that file in other folders, as though the file is in all of the folders
chkdsk
prior to windows server 2008, a damaged disk area meant that you had to take down the server and then bring it back up offline to users to run the _____ utility that rebuilt the data in the damaged area
R2
is an interim version of windows server 2003 developed as a way to offer a newer server version while waiting for windows server 2008
CAL (client access license)
one _____ is a license for one workstation to access the server
digital certificate
a set of unique identification information that is typically put at the end of a file, or that is associated with a computer communication
active directory domain services
is central to implementing active directory and creating one or more domains
shared directories
directories on one or more computers that users on other computers can access through the network
DFS (distributed file system)
enables folders shared from multiple computers to appear as though they exist in one centralized hierarchy of folders instead of on many different computers
FTP (file transfer protocol)
a TCP/IP application protocol that transfers files in bulk data streams and is commonly used on the internet
HTTP
a protocol in the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to transport document and other data transmissions over networks and the internet for access by web browsers
provide computer information
in the initial configuration tasks window, you use the _____ section to set the time zone, configure networking, and provide computer name and domain or workgroup information
help
in windows server core at the command line, enter _____ to view a listing of commands
service packs
designed to correct things such as security issues as well as problems affecting the stability, performance, or the operation of features included with the operating system
file services
focuses on sharing files from the server or using the server to coordinate and simplify file sharing through distributed file systems (DFS)
ServerManagerCmd.exe
you can use the _____ command-line tool for managing server roles
XML answer file
ServerManagerCmd.exe can be used to run the parameters in a(n) _____ on a group of servers to save configuration time and ensure that the servers are configured the same way
command prompt
ServerManagerCmd.exe is executed from the command line through the _____ window
plug and play
the ability to automatically detect and configure newly installed hardware devices, such as a disk or tape drive is called _____
driver signing
when a driver is verified, a unique digital signature is incorporated into it in a process called _____
sigverif.txt
after a sigverif scan is complete, the results are written to a log file, called _____
DEP (data execution prevention)
when programs are running on the server, _____ monitors how they use memory to ensure they are not causing memory problems
virtual memory
is disk storage used to expand the capacity of the physical RAM installed in the computer
system environment variables
_____ are defined by the operating system and apply to any user logged onto the computer
user environment variables
can be defined on a per-user basis, such as specifying the path where application files are stored
reliable multicast protocol
used for multimedia transmissions, such as a combined voice and video transmission to provide user training to multiple people
registry entry
is a data parameter associated with a software or hardware characteristic under a key (or subkey)
root key
also called a subtree, is a primary or highest level category of data contained in the registry
HKEY_USERS
root key contains profile information for each user who has logged onto the computer
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG
holds information about the monitor type, keyboard, mouse, and other hardware characteristics for the current profile
security configuration wizard
automatically installed when you install windows server 2008 and provide and interactive interface for analyzing and configuring security on a server
SCW (security configuration wizard)
examines the roles a server plays and then tries to adjust security to match these roles
scwcmd
enables you to configure and modify security settings, as well as convert them to Active Directory Group Policy Objects and to apply them to multiple servers
RAID
an array of multiple hard drives designed to extend the life of disk drives and to prevent data loss from a hard disk failure