12 terms

AG - Chapter 17.2 -Elections & Voting - Section 2 - Expanding Voting Rights

AG - Chapter 17.2 -Elections & Voting - Section 2 - Expanding Voting Rights
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Terms in this set (...)

Suffrage
The right to vote.
grandfather clause
provided that only voters whose grandfathers had voted before 1867 were eligible to vote without paying a poll tax or passing a literacy test. The Supreme Court declared the grandfather clause unconstitutional in 1915.
Who before the American Revolution was excluded from voting?
Women and most African Americans were not allowed to vote; neither were white males who did not own property or pay taxes.
What is the 19th Amendment?
Woman suffrage put into effect nationwide.
What is the 15th Amendment which was ratified in 1870?
Suffrage to African American males.
Voting Rights Acts of 1965 and 1970
outlawed literacy tests.
poll tax
an amount of money, usually one or two dollars, that a citizen had to pay before he or she could vote.
Voting Rights Act
passed in 1965, and later voting rights laws of 1970, 1975, and 1982 empowered the federal government to register voters in any district where less than 50 percent of African American adults were on the voting lists. The Voting Rights Acts resulted in a dramatic increase in African American voter registration.
What is the Twenty-fourth Amendment?
It outlawed the poll tax in national elections.
What is the Twenty-sixth Amendment?
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.
Why did it take so long for African Americans and for women to win voting rights?
Neither group was granted suffrage by the Constitution.
What did each of the voting rights acts achieve?
The acts resulted in a dramatic increase in African American voter registration because barriers to voting were outlawed.