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Alternate Attendance (Sankin Kotai)
Daimyo were required to reside in Edo during alternate years, helping the shoguns maintain control of the daimyo.
A word coined in the 19th century to refer to the outcast classes known as "eta" and "hinin."
This is the Japanese word for the outdoor footwear in use during the Edo Period, which consisted of a thong attached to a wooden platform with two crosswise supports
A game for two players in which black and white stones are placed on the intersections of lines on a playing board.
One of three major forms of classical theatrical entertainment in Japan (Bunraku and Noh are two others).
One who serves. The elite warriors of pre-modern Japan and became the ruling class during the late 12th century. Their privileged status was dissolved in the mid-1870s.
Barbarian-subduing Generalissimo. The title was first used in the 8th century for Japan's supreme rulers.
The major warrior lineage in Japanese history. Dominated Japanese politics from 1600-1868.
Established by Tokugawa Ieyasu, the Tokugawa Shogunate consisted of 12 shoguns who ruled from 1603-1868.
This period stretched from the late 16th century when Tokugawa Ieyasu cemented his rule over Japan until 1868 when the last shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, resigned.
A term that means "pictures of the floating world." The genre is composed mostly of woodblock prints (though it does include some paintings) that became popular among the prosperous merchant classes. The subject matter usually focuses on life in the entertainment districts, the popular courtesans of the time, and famous Kabuki actors.
A pleasure district in Tokyo—gated, walled and surrounded by a moat. The district was maintained until 1957 when licensed prostitution quarters were banned throughout Japan. Woodblock-print artists depicted its beauties and kabuki actors, while popular novelists celebrated its escapades. Here, they could escape from the rigid class distinctions of society.
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