NCAA Softball Definitions
Terms in this set (64)
A play or rule violation on which the umpire does not make a ruling until requested by a coach or player.
The official decision of the NCAA Softball Rules Committee regarding a specific rule or part of a rule. It serves to clarify or illustrate the spirit and application of the rule.
The sphere that is pitched, thrown, or struck.
Refers to the pitch that does not enter the strike zone, is not struck at by the batter, or is awarded to a batter for a defensive infraction (for example, illegal pitch, erasing a field line, or delaying the game).
The imaginary direct line, and three feet to either side of the line, between a base and a runner's position at the time a defensive player is attempting to apply a tag.
The offensive player who was on base at the time of a pitch and is advancing to, touching, or returning to a base.
Any pitch that comes in contact with the bat. Contact may result in a fair or foul ball and need not be intentional.
The offensive player whose turn it is to take a position in either batter's box to receive a pitch.
The offensive player who started in the batter's box, has completed her turn at bat, and has left it in an attempt to reach base safely. The player remains the ______________ until continuous actions end with the batter-runner safe or put out.
The official list of starting offensive players presented in the order in which they are to bat and recorded on a lineup card.
Batting Out of Order
Failure to bat in proper sequence as listed on the official lineup card.
A live batted, pitched, or thrown ball that contacts non-game personnel, game personnel in unauthorized areas, loose equipment, or an object that is neither official game equipment not part of the official playing area, or dead-ball territory.
A ball that remains on the playing field but has become lodged, wedged, or stuck in something other than a fielder's glove.
Any non-swinging movement of the bat intended to tap the ball into the infield.
The act of a fielder who, with her hand(s) and/or glove/mitt, securely gains possession of a batted, pitched, or thrown ball.
A term used by the umpire to temporarily suspend play.
A ball that is not in play.
That area beyond any real playing field boundary, (such as a fence, backstop, rope, chalk line, bleachers, dugouts, or any imaginary boundary line, as determined in the pregame conference) where a live ball becomes dead.
A player or team in the field attempting to prevent the offense from scoring runs.
A base displaced from its proper position.
The result or consequence of a rule application.
The exercise of an umpire's authority to remove a player and/or other team personnel from further participation in a game.
The continuation of play beyond the regulation seven innings in an attempt to break a tie score.
The wedge shaped area of the playing field within and including the foul lines from home plate to the bottom of the home-run fence and perpendicularly upward. Home plate, the bases, foul lines, and poles are considered part of _____________.
When a fielder, who neither possesses the ball nor is about to receive the ball, obstructs a runner by pretending to have the ball and simulating a tag that causes the runner to slow down or stop.
Field of Play
The area within which the ball may be legally played and fielded.
An act that involves excessive force win an opponent.
A batted ball, whether fair or foul, that rises into the air that can be caught for an out.
That part of the playing field between the sideline fence and the first and third base lines from home plate to the bottom of the home-run fence and perpendicularly upward.
A batted ball, whether fair or foul, that has touched the ground, an object, or a person other than a defensive player.
An allowable amendment of the playing rules to accommodate a particular circumstance (usually field condition). ____________ cannot conflict with or supersede a player rule.
Each team's respective time at bat or in the field. The interval during which one team i son offense and the other is on defense. A ____________ ends when there is a third out or when, in the last inning, the winning run is scored.
The team that starts the game on defense (in the field). The _________ may be determined in a variety of ways (for example, coin flip, mutual agreement, conference or tournament assignment, custom).
Any batted, thrown, or pitched ball that has not touched the ground, an object, or person other than a defensive player.
The term indicating that the ball is live, and an offensive player may be put out.
The portion of the game within which the teams alternate on offense and defense and in which there are three putouts for each team.
Equipment or the act of an offensive player, coach, umpire, or spectator that denies the fielder a reasonable opportunity to play the ball. The act may be intentional or unintentional and the ball must have been playable.
A fair or foul batted ball that travels parallel to the ground immediately off the bat, neither substantially rising into the air nor dropping to the ground. If caught, it is scored an out.
The portion of the playing field where a live ball can be batted, pitched, thrown, fielded, or caught. It includes both fair and foul territories.
Declaration by an umpire that halts play and nullifies the pitch.
The act of a defensive team member that hinders or impedes a batter's attempt to make contact with a pitched ball or that impedes the progress of a runner who is legally running the bases, unless the field is in possession of the ball, is fielding a batted ball, or is about to receive a thrown ball. The act may be intentional or unintentional and applies to live ball action only.
Player or team at bat attempting to score runs.
An offensive player entitled to occupy the on-deck circle closest to the player's dugout.
A declaration by the umpire indicating an offensive player has been retired. Each team is entitled to three outs per offensive half inning.
A thrown ball that goes beyond its intended target. The ball is live unless in enters dead-ball territory or becomes a blocked ball.
A player who is inserted into the lineup in the place of the batter. The _____________ will stay in the lineup until she is replaced by the player for whom she batted or another substitute.
Pinch Base Runner
A player who is inserted into the lineup in the place of the base runner. The ____________ will stay in the lineup until she is replaced by the player for whom she ran or another substitute.
A live ball delivered to the batter by the pitcher with a legal underhand motion.
A pitch intentionally thrown away from the batter to prevent her from contacting the pitch or to allow the catcher to make a potential play on a base runner.
An attempt by a defensive player on a batted or thrown ball to retire a runner. A pitch is not a _________ except as it relates to an appeal play.
The directive given by the umpire to begin the game to resume play. It also is the instruction given by the umpire to indicate that the defensive players are in position, the batter is ready to bat, and the pitcher may deliver the pitch.
The act of an offensive player legally advancing to and touching home plate without being put out.
The offensive player who is in the process of running the bases, whether as a batter-runner or a base runner.
The act of the defense attempting to put out a runner who is caught off base between two or more defensive players and who may either attempt to advance or return to the previous base.
A declaration and/or signal by the umpire indicating that a runner is not out or has successfully taken possession of a base. A ________ signal may also be given by an umpire to acknowledge having seen a potential catch or rule violation but determining no catch or violation occurred.
Any pitch that either enters the strike zone without first touching the ground or is swung at and missed by the batter. A _________ also may be called by the umpire for the batter's failure to enter the batter's box when so directed or when a member of the offense erases a line.
The exercise of authority to remove a coach or player from participation in subsequent games.
The area within the confines of the field plus bullpens, batting cages, inside and immediately outside the dugouts.
A term used by the umpire to temporarily suspend play. The ball is dead, until the umpire indicates a resumption of play.
A defensive play in which the results are based on the time of the action. Tag plays and appeals may be timing plays; however, force plays may not.
A batted fly ball or thrown ball that is stopped against the ground or boundary structure (that is, a fence, dugout), but not legally caught.
Turn at Bat
The act of entering the batter's box until being put out, becoming a batter-runner, or being substituted for while at bat.
A team that starts the game on offense (at bat).
Without Liability to be Put Out
Reference to a player who cannot be put out as a result of a defender's action. However, the player can be declared out for violation of base-running rules (such as missing a base, passing a base runner, etc.).