Unit 1: Geography, its nature and perspectives
the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
number of individuals per unit area
Arithmetic population density
the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area
Physiologic population density
The number of people per unit area of arable land.
structure of a population in terms of age, sex and other properties, education
Pyramid that shows age under male or female
Crude birth rate
the number of live births yearly per thousand people in a population
Crude death rate
The number of deaths per year per 1,000 people.
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Permanent movement within a particular country.
migration across an international border
the death rate during the first year of life
Total fertility rate
The number of children born to an average woman in a population during her entire reproductive life
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
the time required for a population to double in size
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant rate
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
Expansion that increases by the same amount during each time interval.
the return of migrants to the regions from which they earlier emigrated
Crude death rate subtracted from crude birthrate
the rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century
Stationary population level
the level at which a national population ceases to grow
a compass direction such as north or south
direction based on a person's perception of places
The distance that can be measured with a standard unit length, such as a mile or kilometer.
distance measured, not in linear terms such as miles or kilometers, but in terms such as cost and time.
negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their adobe and migrate to a new location
a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
the space within which daily activity occurs
movement that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
movement among a definite set of places
Movements that are taken based on a seasonal basis.
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
an exile who flees for safety
refugees encamped in a host country or host region while waiting for resettlement
person or persons who have been permanently displaced from their home
refugees who have crossed 1 or more international boundaries during their dislocation
Refugees who have abandoned their town or village but not their country.
laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state
Eugenic population policy
government policy designed to favor one race over another
Expansive population policy
government policy that encourages large families and raises the rate of population growth
Restrictive population policy
Government policy designed to reduce the rate of natural increase.
Negative population growth
the actual decline in population due to less than replacement births or extensive diseases