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DSS Ch 13 (Brittany Bogle)
Terms in this set (29)
What does the author really want us to learn from this chapter?
The author wants us to be able to define anthropology and sociology and explain their roles in the elementary social studies curriculum. We should also understand the importance of multiculturalism in America and know how to plan instruction that fairly represents racial, cultural, and social class groups.
Define the term "Anthropology."
The study of human beings and cultures, past and present
Define the term "Sociology."
The scientific study of social groups and the patterns of group interactions and behavior.
Define the term "Culture."
All of the accepted and patterned ways of a group's behavior, or the total sum of a group's way of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Define the term "Enculturation."
The process of internalizing a culture's beliefs and values through experience, observation, and instruction.
Define the term "Folktales."
Stories passed down orally and retold from generation to generation. They communicate a culture's values.
Define the term "Animism."
Spirit worship, or the belief that life-spirts inhabit trees, rocks, mountains, the sea, and other natural features, and these spirits have a consciousness and power to affect the well-being of humans. It is thought to be one of humanities oldest attempts at explaining the mysteries of the world.
Define the term "Polytheism."
The worship of multiple gods. Ex. Egyptians, Greeks, Hinduism, Mahayana Buddhism, etc.
Define the term "Monotheism."
Belief that there is only one God who created the world and developed the standards of good and evil. Ex. Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Sikhism.
Define the term "Henotheism."
The worship of one god without denying the existence of others. Ex. Hinduism, Greeks
Define the term "Ethnicity."
The deep feeling of personal attachment to one's cultural group. This greatly influences the standards used to judge group members and others.
Define the term "Ethnocentrism."
Cultures and individuals look at the world through the cultural lens they were raised with and they judge everything accordingly.
Define the term "Self-esteem."
The value students place on their importance, confidently and realistically knowing that they are important and valued.
Essay Question: What is culturally responsive teaching and how can you be a culturally responsive teacher?
Culturally responsive teaching refers to a teacher understanding and committing to practices that confirm and build on the ethnicity of students. This is done by acknowledging that the cultural heritages of all ethnic groups are legitimate. Culturally responsive teachers understand that cultural heritages affect students' dispositions, attitudes, and approaches to learning. They use a variety of instructional strategies to connect these learning styles. Teachers also incorporate multicultural resources, materials, and information in all subjects routinely.
Which of the four major fields of anthropology is used most in elementary classrooms?
A) Cultural anthropology
C) Biological anthropology
D) Linguistic anthropology
A) Cultural anthropology
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