Milady's Chapter 29 - UV Gels
Terms in this set (72)
A type of nail enhancement product that hardens when exposed to a UV light source
Monomer liquid & Polymer powder chemical family
UV gel enhancements rely on ingredients from this family
UV gel ingredients are part of a subcategory of the monomer liquid & polymer powder family called this
Though most UV gels are made with acrylates, new technologies have been developed using these
UV gels mostly rely on these. A short chain of monomer liquids that is often thick, sticky, and gel-like and that is not considered long enough to be considered a polymer.
Oligomer chains are often referred to as this
Between solid and liquid
What consistency are oligomers?
Traditionally, UV gels rely on a type of acrylate called this
Newer systems of UV gels rely on an acrylate called this. The main ingredient used to create UV gel nail enhancements.
The type of starting material that is used to create the most common UV gel resins
Durability and abrasion resistance
The chemical family of urethanes is known for these two traits
UV gel resins react when exposed to this
A chemical that initiates the polymerization reaction for UV gels
UV light, a photoinitiator, and resin
It takes the combination of these three things to cause UV gel to cure
Monomer liquid & polymer powder nail enhancements
UV gel enhancements are not as hard as these nail enhancements
Thin-viscosity, medium-viscosity, thick-viscosity, and building/sculpting gels
The four different types of gels in terms of viscosity
The measurement of the thickness or thinness of a liquid
One color method
The method whereby one color of UV gel is applied over the enture surface of the nail. For clients who wish to wear colored polish or UV gel polish over it.
Two color method
A method whereby two colors of resin are used to overlay the nail; usually pink/white for a french manicure
UV bonding gels
This type of UV gel is used to increase adhesion to the natural nail plate. They vary in consistency and chemical components.
Separate from the natural nail
The increased adhesion in UV bonding gels decreases the tendency for the enhancement to do this
UV building gels
This type of UV gel includes any thick-viscosity resin that allows the technician to build an arch and curve to the nail. Can be used with self leveling gels.
Some UV building gels have strands of this compounded into the gel
UV self leveling gels
This type of UV gel is thinner in consistency than building gels, allowing them to settle and level during application. Used to enhance thickness of the overlay while providing a smoother surface
Pigmented UV gels
This type of UV gels are building and self-leveling gels that include color pigment. Used earlier in the service to create art or a traditional french manicure.
UV gel polish
This type of UV gel is a very thin viscosity gel that is usually pigmented and packaged in a pot or polish bottle
Once the service is complete, UV gel polishes do not require any...
UV gloss gel (aka sealing gel, finishing gel, shine gel)
This type of UV gel is used over the finished UV gel application to create a high shine, similar to a top coat.
Traditional gloss gel
This type of gloss gel cures with a sticky inhibition layer that requires cleaning
Tack-free gloss gel
These UV gloss gels cure to a high shine without an inhibition layer
A tacky surface left on the nail after a UV gel has cured
The amount of colored pigment concentration in a gel
Synthetic, oval or flat bristles
What kind of brushes are best for UV gel?
UV gel primer or Bonding gel
These are designed specifically to improve the adhesion of UV gels
Nail cleanser or Primer
These products remove surface moisture and tiny amounts of oil on the natural nail plate
This type of abrasive is used to natural nail preparation
This abrasive is used for smoothing
This abrasive is for finishing
Cleansing solutions usually contain this ingredient
A thicker UV building gel would be best
What kind of UV gel would be best for a client with flat fingernails?
A self leveling gel would be best
What gel would be best for fingernails with an arch and a curve?
UV gels with fiberglass would be best
If a client repeatedly gets breaks and cracks in their nails, what UV gel may be best for them?
This is a special bulb that emits UV light to cure UV gel enhancements
This wattage is the most common for UV lamps
UV light unit
A specialized electronic device that powers and controls UV lamps to cure UV gel nail enhancements
The measure of how much electricity a lamp consumes
UV light a UV light unit will emit
Wattage does not indicate how much _______ a UV light unit will emit.
It's shelf life could shorten, causing it to harden in it's container
What could happen to a UV gel product that is exposed to true color or full spectrum lamps?
2-3 times a year
How often must UV lamps be changed?
Put their hands in slowly
If the heat from a UV lamp makes a client uncomfortable, what should they do?
The more bonds that are formed when the UV gel cures, the more ____ is generated.
The more _____ that are created when the gel polymerizes, the stronger the gel will be
Service breakdown, skin irritation, product sensitivity
If lamps are not changed regularly, gels may cure inadequately, causing this
It will crack, lift, and separate
What will happen if the gel does not cure completely?
A soak off UV gel should be used as a base coat
A client who wants easily removable enhancements, they should use this UV gel
Filed off or soaked of in acetone for 5-10 minutes
How is UV gel removed?
Right hand first, pinkie to thumb
When performing the one color method, in what order are the nails worked on?
Increase risk of developing skin irritation or sensitivity to the enhancement
When applying the bonding or priming material, avoid running it into the skin because it can do this
How big of a gap should be left around the cuticle and sidewall areas?
Gently brush or float the gel onto the nail
How do you apply product to the nail with your brush?
Service breakdown, skin irritation and/or sensitivity
Curing for too little time can cause this
It can decrease the strength of the gel and lead to cracking
Introducing air into the gel can cause this
Patting the brush or press too hard
Doing this with the brush could introduce air into the gel
Medium or fine
What kind of abrasive is used to refine the surface contour?
When refining he surface contour, stroke the file at what angle?
It will lift from the surface of the tip and fingernail
What can happen if the gel does not cure completely?
These forms are often used with UV gels
These nails are often done last
Hard UV gels (aka traditional UV gels)
These UV gels cannot be removed with a solvent and must be filed off
Soft UV gels (aka soakable gels)
These UV gels are removed by soaking in acetone.
A light touch
When filing off a UV gel enhancement, use this kind of touch