This is from Gottfredson & Hirschi's work on self-control theory; they propose that individuals with low self-control are most likely to engage in crime.
In this reading, crime is introduced as:
Providing immediate gratification.
Having few or meager long-term benefits.
Requiring little skill or planning.
Resulting in pain or discomfort for victims.
"...people who lack self-control will tend to be impulsive, insensitive, physical, risk-taking, short-sighted, and non-verbal," and these are the individuals likely to engage in crime and analogous acts.
In this perspective, offenders are believed to:
be versatile—commit a wide variety of criminal acts without specialization.
engage in analogous behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and other forms of risk-taking.
be characterized by the stability of individual differences over a long period of time.
This theory holds that it is not possible to predict the specific forms of deviant behavior in which an individual will engage.
Low self-control originates from ineffective child-rearing, as when parents fail to nurture, discipline, or train their child.
Individual differences may have an impact on the prospects for effective socialization.
In order for a child to develop self-control, someone must:
Monitor their behavior.
Recognize deviant behavior.
Punish the deviant behavior.