Terms in this set (67)

This article examines the role played by Chinese culture in shaming and reintegrating criminals, and considers the insights gained from this study relative to both labeling theory and reintegrative shaming theory.

Two relevant theories:
Labeling Theory (LS-Becker)
Reintegrative Shaming Theory (RS-Braithwaite): Shaming carries a risk of alienating the first-time offender if it is not combined with positive reintegrative efforts; the act should be stigmatized, but not the offender.

In China, a great deal of weight is placed on labeling in order to prevent and control delinquency.

The impact of shaming in China may be different relative to Western nations, as China is relatively communitarian.
Because of their sense of interdependence, the Chinese hold in high esteem those who make progress in accepting social norms.
Largely, shame in China is reintegrative; while there is a risk of stigmatization, Chinese culture serves to temper this risk.
The family and other social units play an active role in responding to crime and delinquency; there is mass involvement in reforming delinquents.

The Chinese approach is similar to reintegrative shaming.

Offenders are first shamed for their offenses;
then they are shown concern and love, accompanied by attempts to solve their practical problems.

This two-stage approach both expresses community disapproval and symbolizes reacceptance of offenders while assisting with reintegration.

The heavy emphasis on shaming, combined with the relative success of the system, provide more support for RS than LT.