Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 2: Rhythm, Meter, and Metric Organization
Rhythm, Meter, and Metric Organization
Terms in this set (32)
"cut time" the "C" with a line through it from top to bottom. represents 2/2, simple duple with the half note getting the beat.
a beat the precedes the first beat- also called "pick-up notes". In music that begins with an anacrusis, the last measure is incomplete so as to balance metrically with the pickup notes- the anacrusis and the last measure will equal one complete measure.
the line that represents the separation of the consistent beat grouping set by the time signature, separates the measures.
Only ties may extend durations across the bar line.
a regular, recurring pulsation that divides music into units of time.
Simple (subdivision of 2 equal parts)
Compound (subdivision of 3 equal parts)
refers to the beat being divided into three equal parts.
The beat is a dotted value...
6/8 is two beats of a dotted quarter
9/16 is three beats of a dotted eighth
12/4 is 4 beats of a dotted half note
3/anything is NOT COMPOUND.... it is simple.
refers to the beat being divided equally into two parts. REMEMBER - that 3/4, 3/8, 3/anything.... is simple meter.
If a meter is going to change it will be written at the beginning of the measure of the new meter.
Note that clefs can change mid measure because they point to what notes the staff lines represent, whereas meters must change at the beginning of a measure because they specify how many beats are in a given measure... each measure can only have one meter prescribed to it.
However, different parts (instruments) can in fact play in different meters than others at the same time! that is a different issue all together though and will be seen later.
"C", as time signature, represents 4/4 (though this should not be represented as a fraction as it is here) - common time is simple quadruple with quarter note getting the beat.
Dot, Double Dot.
the dot and tie are symbols that extend the length or duration of a note. The dot extends a single note by one half of it's original value. The second dot of the "double dot" lengthens the note by one half of the length of the first dot. (pg. 17).
An irregular division of the beat- when in simple meter "triplets" can be used to divide the beat into three parts, when in compound meter a "duplet" can be used to divide in two equal parts... in both cases a bracket and a number, or just a number if the notes are beamed, is used to designate the irregular division of the beat.
the length of time that sound (or silence) occurs
the first beat of the measure. This refers to the fact that in every conducting pattern the first beat is always down. Not all music begins with the downbeat.
Hemiola (or hemiolia)
a special type of syncopation in triple meters, in which the beat is temporarily regrouped into two.
example of stressed beats:
(1 . 3 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 2 . etc)
use of triplets in simple meter, and duplets in compound meter.
note: "Irregular meter" may also refer to asymmetrical meters generally.
the organization of the beats into regular groups of two, three, and four (usually with strong and weak beats) and how the beat is subdivided.
not symmetrical, or not equal, and refers to meters that have beat units of unequal length. The most common have 5 or 7 as the top number... an asymmetrical meter such as 7/8 could be grouped as "2+3+2", or "3 + 4" -
Correct notation reinforces the beat unit: the beaming of the music informs the eye as to the intended grouping of the beats.
When listening the ear can hear the grouping in the music.
two beats per measure , or "strong, weak"
two beats per measure, or "Strong, weak, weak"
four beats per measure,
or "Strong, weak, less strong, weak"
Notes have a relational duration with one another- two quarter notes equal one half note...
note that when talking about duration generally it is incorrect to say that "two quarters equal two beats"...
though yes, this would be true in a meter where the quarter note gets the beat, it is not generally true as not all meters set the quarter note as the beat.
the flow of music through time. A series of durations, often varying, of sound and silence
the division of the beat into two or three equal parts
rhythmic displacements of the expected strong beats created by dots, ties, rests, accent marks, and dynamics- occurs when the emphasis or stress is in between the beats or on a normally weak beat.
the speed of the beat
combines the durational values of two or more notes of the same pitch using a curved line.
Time Signature (Meter Signature)
establishes the meter and the grouping of the subdivisions within the beat. Simple meter (the beat is divided into two equal parts), Compound meter (the beat is divided into three equal parts).
Music notation does not indicate the exact duration of sound; it shows how long the net lasts....
in relation to the others.
What is the "note tree"
the diagram showing the relationship of the note values in relation to each other (pg. 16)
The tie combines the durational values of two or more notes of the same pitch using a curved line.
Notation Guidelines: stem direction
for pitches below the middle line: the stems extend upward from the right side of the note head.
for pitches on or above the middle line: the stems extend downward from the left side of the staff.
Notation Guideline: the tenor part
the third staff of the four staff SATB system... this part is most often written an octave above where it will be sung - or to put another way, it will be sung an octave below where it is written. To signify this there is an 8 below the treble clef meaning it is to be played (sung) down an octave.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 3: Scales, Keys, and Modes
Chapter 4: Aural Skills part 1
Natural Note Triads
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Music theory Chapter 2
Music Theory Chapter 2
3. Rhythm, Meter, and Metric Organization
AP Music Theory Chapter 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Piano Level 8 terms
Piano Level 9
Piano Level 8 Composers (for Flash Card Practice,…
AP Music Theory Terms: Part 3
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Topics Of Rehab
LER 100 Exam #3