58 terms

Music Theory Basics

identify basic music symbols and terms
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Terms in this set (...)

time signature
tells how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets one beat
measure
space between two barlines
eighth notes
two notes connected with a beam, equal to one beat
eighth rest
gets one half count of silence
bar line
divides the staff into measures
bass clef
Used for the lower sounding pitches. Also called F clef.
crescendo
gradually increasing in volume, also written as cresc.
double bar line
shows the end of a piece of music
decrescendo
gradually softer in volume, also written as decresc.
dotted half note
gets 3 counts of sound
eighth note
gets one-half count of sound
forte
loud volume
half note
gets 2 counts of sound
half rest
gets 2 counts of silence
flat
lowers the pitch of a note by one-half step
mezzo forte
medium loud volume
natural
cancels the effect of a flat or sharp
piano
soft volume
quarter note
gets one count of sound
quarter rest
gets one count of silence
repeat
go back and play again
sharp
raises the pitch of a note by one-half step
staff
the 5 lines and 4 spaces on which music is written
treble clef
Used for the higher sounding pitches. Also known as the G clef.
whole note
gets 4 counts of sound
whole rest
gets 4 counts of silence
fortissimo
very loud
mezzo piano
medium soft
pianissimo
very soft
Octave
Notes with an interval of eight (they have the same letter name but are eight steps apart.)
Interval
The distance between two notes
Opera or Musical
A story told on stage with music
Orchestra
Musicians playing instruments from all four instrument families
Symphony
A piece of music written for orchestra
Melody
One note at a time; or, when everyone is performing the same note at the same time.
Step
When notes move from one to the next in ABC order without skipping any--they make a "line note, space note" pattern
Harmony
Different notes performed at the same time.
Band
Musicians playing instruments from the brass, woodwind and percussion families.
Refrain
The part of the song where the words stay the same
Verse
The part of the song where the words change each time you sing it
Lyrics
The words to a song
Form
The order of the sections of a song; or, the way the song is organized.
Composer
A person who writes music
Conductor
The person who stands in front of the musicians with a baton and tells them when to start and stop
Acoustic
A kind of instrument that doesn't need electricity to be played
Choir
A group of musicians singing together
Allegro
Fast
Andante
Walking speed
Largo
Slow
Scale
Eight notes moving by step in the same direction
Leap / Skip
When notes have intervals greater than two (the skip over steps)
Duration
The length of a note; how long or short a note will sound
Dynamics
The volume of a song
Tempo
The speed of a song
E
The first line note in the Treble Clef.
E G B D F
The lines in the treble Clef
D and E
What are these two notes names?
G B D F A
What are lines in the Bass Clef?

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