268 terms

TCOLE - Sample Study Questions

In some cases there are certainly more answers that could be correct. These were taken from a study guide test that were given on paper and transferred here with the correct answers to allow for studying. Know your material but these will help to get you started. The notations in parenthesis are where to reference the answer in the TCOLE documentation or in the Code itself.
According to the Family Code, _____ means the adult with whom the child resides. (FC 51.02)(3)
According to the Family Code, a child may be detained in a juvenile processing office only for _____. (FC 52.025)(b)(4)
Issuance of warnings to the child
According to the Family Code, a child is defined as a person who is at least _____ years of age and under 17 years of age. (FC 51.02)(2)(a)
According to the Family Code, the absence of a child on three or more days or parts of days within a four-week period from school is _____. (FC 51.03)(b)(2)
Conduct indicating a need for supervision
Field notes give an officer the advantage of being able to _____ (15.1.5)
provide more details in reports and testimony
Brief notations concerning specific events and circumstances that are recorded while fresh in the officer's mind and used to prepare a report are _____. (15.1.1)
field notes
Chronological reports organize information by _____. (15.4.4)
when each thing happened
According to the Penal Code, _____ is failing to return to custody following a temporary leave for a specific purpose. (PC 38.01)(2)
Peace officers are granted authority to use force by the Texas _____. (PC Chapter 9)
Penal Code
According to the Penal Code, deadly force is NOT justified to _____. (PC 9.34)(a)
prevent someone from committing suicide
According to the Penal Code, an amount of force that is intended or known by the actor to cause, or in any manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing, death or serious bodily injury is _____. (PC 9.01)(3)
deadly force
According to the Penal Code, the threat of force is justified only when _____. (PC 9.04)
the use of force is justified
According to the Penal Code, a person who uses force against another may be _____ liable, if the force is justified. (PC 9.06)
civilly but not criminally
According to the Penal Code, even though an actor is justified in using deadly force against another, if in doing so he recklessly kills an innocent third party, the justification is _____ in a prosecution for the reckless killing of the innocent third party. (PC 9.05)
According to the Penal Code, the use of force, but not deadly force, against a child younger than ____ years of age is justified if the actor is the child's parent. (PC 9.61)(a)
According to the Penal Code, a person is justified in using deadly force against another _____. (PC 9.32)(a)(2)
if a reasonable person in the actor's situation would not have retreated
According to the Penal Code, the use of force against another when and to the degree they reasonably believe the force is the force is immediately necessary to protect themselves against the other's use or attempted use of unlawful force, is justified as _____. (PC 9.31)(a)
That degree of influence the officer must exert over the violator to take him or her safely into custody is known as ____. (17.2.2)
_____ are obstacles to effective communication, and officers should try to eliminate them if possible. (17.3.5)
Which of the following is one of the helpful tools used in verbal persuasion? (17.3.6)
One of the tools an officer uses to maintain a psychological and physical edge is _____. (17.2.2)
demonstrated alertness
The good faith defense for an officer is enhanced when following the _____ of the department. (17.4.2)
written directives
A police supervisor has a/an _____ duty to intervene to stop officers who are engaging in excessive force in their presence (17.4.2)
Which of the following is NOT a consideration used by the courts to determine if unreasonable force was used?
are in which offense occurred
One of the greatest assests to use in dealing with a violator is ____. (18.1.1)
Handcuffs are only a _____ restraining device.
When two officers are interviewing one subject, the second officer's position should be _____. (18.2.3)
to the right or left of the subject
Which of the following is a force option? (17.3.1.& 18.1.1)
Professional Presence
Weaponless strategies include _____. (18.1.2)
Which of the following is considered a risk factor in the physical process of arrest? (18.2.2)
Supportive spectators
Justification of a baton use includes ____. (18.1.3)
Physical stature of offender
One of the advantages of the rear approach to suspects is ____. (18.2.3)
When handcuffing two suspects together with one set of handcuffs, it is recommended to handcuff ____. (18.2.4)
Left to left / right to right
Which court case dealt with warning shots? (19.1.1)
Jones vs. Wittenberg University
The commission requires a minimum of _____ rounds for basic handgun qualification. (Occ. Code 217.21)(c-1)
The minimum firearms qualification is established at what percentage of the total possible score? (19.3.2)
Research has shown that an effective way to improve one's skill in problem solving is to work in small groups, think aloud, and _____.
learn from each other
The SARA problem solving method includes _____
According to the Transportation Code, the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle may exceed a maximum speed limit as long as the operator does not _____. (TC 546.001)
endanger life or property
Fatigue poses a threat to safe driving by causing _____. (22.3.5)
longer reaction time
This is one of the most frequent contributors to law enforcement collisions. (22.3.3)
_____ generally refers to groups of people with common ancestry and physical characteristics (5.1.1)
It is important to be aware of one's _____, so that one can double check decisions to ensure accurate and fair decision-making. (5.2.1)
Having an adverse judgement or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of or an examination of the facts is _____. (5.1.1)
Characteristics of the police subculture are _____. (2.2.3)
Secrecy and solidarity
Within the traditional police service model, most decisions are made at the management and mid-management level with little _____ involvement (2.1.5)
Every law enforcement officer is a crime prevention officer by the technical definition as well as by the _____ responsibilities of the job. (3.2.2)
Prevention of crime is the soundest of all _____ theories (24.1.1)
Speed, mobility, and visibility increase preventative potential, are advantages of _____ patrol (24.3.3)
When an officer is alone, more _____ is devoted to patrol functions and duties. (24.3.4)
A/An _____ is able to take in everything around a given situation and then sort out the relevant from the irrelevant. (24.3.5)
skilled observer
Patrol officers should practice the technique of refraining from using the word "_____" during the violator interview while conducting field stops. (24.5.1)
If possible, during a felony stop, offset the police vehicle to the _____ of the suspect's vehicle. (24.5.2)
Investigations and arrests after the occurrence of a crime are considered ____. (2.1.5)
Operation "ID" encourages citizens to mark their property with their _____ number (24.8.3)
Driver's License
Which part of the 7-step violator contact method affords the violator an opportunity to explain or justify the violation? (24.5.1)
statement of violation committed (Step 2)
Conducting property checks, questioning suspicious persons, varying patrol patterns, and maintaining high visibility best describe ____. (24.3.1)
Preventative Patrol
Proactive anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the action needed to remove or reduce that risk is a crime _____. (24.8.1)
Flexibility where the use of motorized vehicles is impractical, high visibility, and intense patrol are some advantages of _____. (24.3.3)
Bicycle patrol
One of the objectives of patrol is to _____. (24.1.1)
preserve the peace
The two type of problem area patrol are _____ and _____. (24.3.1)
preventative, apprehension
Mail boxes, utility poles, automobiles and brick walls are all examples of (24.1.3)
All of the following are persistent symptoms of increased arousal in post traumatic stress disorder except _____.
Ambivalence towards danger
The normal response to trauma follows a similar pattern called the ____. (25.1.1)
Crisis reaction
Physical arousal associated with fight or flight cannot be sustained; eventually it will result in _____. (25.1.1)
Which of the following is not one of the elements of a victim's reaction to crime? (25.1.1)
To prevent the disqualification of family violence victims from receiving crime victim compensation, officers should arrest the _____ instead arresting both parties when responding to family violence calls. (26.3.1)
primary aggressor
According to the Family Code, _____is an act by a member of the family or household against another member of the family or household that is intended to result in physical harm, bodily injury, assault , or sexual assault (FC 71.004)(1)
Family violence
According to the Family Code, a protective order is effective for the period stated in the order, not to exceed _____. (FC 85.026)(A)(1)
2 years
Up to 80% of crisis situation can be diffused through ____. (26.3.1)
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a magistrate may extend the detention period on a person who is arrested in the prevention of family violence by a period not to exceed _____ hours. (art 17.291)(2)
According to the Family Code, _____ mean an act by an individual that is against another individual with whom that person has had a dating relationship and that is intended to result in physical harm. (FC 71.0021)(a)
dating violence
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer _____ arrest, without a warrant, a person the peace officer has probably cause to believe has violated a protective order, if the offense is committed in the presence of the peace officer. (art 14.03)(b)
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, a peace officer may request a magistrate's order for emergency protection at a defendant's appearance before a magistrate after an arrest for _____. (art 17.292)(a)
an offense involving family violence
According to the Health and Safety Code, before a peace officer may take a person believed to be mentally ill into custody without a warrant, the officer's belief must be based on all of the following except ____. (HSC 573.001)(a-1)(c-1,2)
request of a person
the single most common factor in suicide is _____. (27.1.2)
A common stereotype about all persons with mental illness is that they are _____. (27.1.2)
Which of the following is NOT a route of exposure to hazardous materials? (28.1.3)
The fact that all substances, in the right amounts become toxic is the basis of the _____ concept. (28.1.3)
DOSE response
According to the Health and Safety Code, a flammable material, an explosive, a radioactive material, a hazardous material, a toxic substance, or related material is the definition of _____. (HSC 28.1.1)
Hazardous material
_____ is a route of exposure to hazardous material by being cut or abraded by a contaminated object. (28.1.3)
One of the effects that a hazardous material even has on the environment is _____. (28.1.2)
Temporary damage to the water system
Which of the following is NOT a necessary duty when conducting a preliminary investigation? (29.1.4)
Relate evidence to the property owner
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what information should the arresting officer collect from a victim of family violence, at the time of arrest, to allow for an attempt to give personal notice that victim of the imminent release of the accused offender? (art 17.29)(b)
Address and telephone number
Wet evidence such as bloodstains, semen, and mud must be _____. (29.7.15)
allowed to dry before packaging
During the processing of a crime scene, what potential problem should be taken into consideration when determining how an area will be searched? (29.7.3)
Physical characteristics of the area to be searched
The first officer responding to an offense against a person should be observant of the _____ upon arrival at the scene. (29.3.2)
Types of offense committed
_____ of witnesses is when witnesses, including officers, are ordered by the judge to leave the courtroom, stay close to the courtroom, and not discuss the case with other witnesses or jurors. (CCP 36.03)
During the _____ examination the prosecutor elicits facts from the officer, who directs his testimony to the jury or judge. (29.10.4)
The _____ sketch is useful when no camera is available (29.7.11)
In order to facilitate proper orientation of a crime scene sketch, _____. (29.7.10)
an arrow pointing to the north must be present
A/An _____ is the explanation of symbols used to identify objects in the sketch. (29.7.10)
When conducting a crime scene search, a strip search is among the most effective for _____ searches. (29.7.3)
The object of a crime scene search is to locate physical evidence and to _____. (29.1.3)
Determine what crime was committed
When a seriously injured victim is still conscious upon an officer's arrival, the officer should ____. (29.6.2)
obtain proper identification of the victim
Sexual assaults are acts of _____ (29.2.10)
The standard used to determine guilt or innocence of a person criminally charged is _____. (29.1.8)
Beyond a reasonable doubt
_____ includes all means by which an alleged fact is established or disproved. (29.1.7)
The legal significance of evidence rests in its influence on the _____. (29.1.7)
What is the body or substance of a crime called? (29.1.6)
Corpus Delicti
The lawful search for people, land, or things useful in reconstructing the circumstances of an illegal act or omission and the mental state accompanying it is a/an _____. (29.1.1)
Criminal Investigation
Examples of _____ are what you see, hear, or smell that indicates there may be criminal activity. (7.1.5)
According to the Texas Occupations Code, section 217.11, under continuing education requirements, a peace officer appointed to their first supervisory position must attend training on supervision issues within _____ following the date of appointment as a supervisor.
24 Months
According to the Texas Occupations Code, section 217.11, the Chief Administrator of an agency that has licensees who are in non-compliance shall, within ______ of receipt of "notice of non-compliance", submit a report to the commission explaining the reasons for such non-compliance.
30 days
According to the Transportation Code (547.333) an operator approaching a vehicle from the rear within ______ feet, shall dim his headlights.
According to the Family Code, "After adjudication, a juvenile will be taken to a _____."
Secure correctional facility
According to the Family Code, "A juvenile being held prior to adjudication, will be held at a _____".
Secure detention facility
According to Written & Verbal Communications (15.3.1) "A sentence is a group of words that express a _____".
Complete thought
According to Written & Verbal Communications (15.3.1) "A _____ occurs when pieces of important information are left out of a sentence".
sentence fragment
According to Written & Verbal Communications (15.3.1) "A _____ is created when the period or other end mark is not placed at the end of a sentence".
run-on sentence
_____ doubles preventative enforcement. (24.3.4)
One officer patrol
In making a high risk patrol stop, if it is not possible to use the offset position with your patrol car, you should position the patrol car at an angle facing the _____ to the suspect vehicle. (24.5.2)
right front
According to TCOLE Rule 217.21, Annual Firearms Proficiency Requirements for Fully Automatic Weapon, requires at least _____ timed magazine reload(s).
According to TCOLE Rule 217.21, Annual Firearms Proficiency Requirements for Patrol Rifle, must include at least _____ timed reload(s).
According to TCOLE Rule 217.21, Annual Firearms Proficiency Requirements for Handgun, must include at least 50 rounds of ammunition with at least _____ timed reload(s).
According to the Texas Transportation Code, an operator may not follow an ambulance closer than _____ when it is displaying emergency lights (545.407)
500 feet
In Traffic Direction, the correct whistle signal for GO is...
two short blasts
In Traffic Direction, the correct whistle signal for STOP is...
one long blast
According to the Texas Transportation Code, an operator on a two lane, two way roadway, approaching a stationary Emergency vehicle displaying emergency lights, shall ______.
reduce speed by 20 mph
According to the Texas Transportation Code, an operator on a two way, two lane roadway, posted at 20 mph, approaching a stationary Police vehicle displaying emergency lights, shall...
Reduce speed to 5 mph while passing
According to the Texas Transportation Code, no one can be licensed to operate a motor vehicle younger than _____ years of age.
According to the Texas Transportation Code, which of these "Traffic Control Devices" does not require an operator to yield?
Flashing yellow signal
According to the Texas Transportation Code, section 541.301, which of the following is not considered "traffic" when on a Highway?
According to the Texas Transportation Code, section 541.301, "To be considered traffic, vehicles upon a highway must be there for the purpose of _____."
According to the Texas Transportation Code, section 541.301, which of the following IS considered "traffic" upon a highway?
a. a man riding a horse along the shoulder
b. a girl herding a dairy cow along the grass easement adjacent to the shoulder of the roadway
c. a man operating a motor vehicle along the roadway
d. all the above

Answer: All the above
Which of the following is not conducive to drug smuggling in rural areas of Texas? (13.3.6)
Creeks, rivers & bayous used to smuggle drugs
In the historical development of police service models or styles, in which era was the Professional Police model developed? (2.1.2)
1950 through the 1970's
According to the Texas Transportation Code, section 545.421, "fleeing from the police in a motor vehicle" is what level of offense?
Class B Misdemeanor
According to Texas Penal Code (38.04) A person that intentionally flees from a person he knows is a Texas Peace Officer attempting to lawfully arrest him and he uses a motor vehicle to flee and he has no prior convictions for this offense, is guilty of what level of offense?
State Jail Felony
Title 18, Section 241 & 242, of the U.S. Codes deal with Deprivation of Civil Rights of a citizen & Conspiracy to deprive civil rights of a citizen. These violations are _____.
Federal criminal offenses
The office of the Sheriff was created in the Texas Constitution in Article _____.
5 (section 23)
The office of the Constable was created in the Texas Constitution in Article _____.
5 (section 18)
Lying under oath during official proceeding or when testimony is material is known as ______.
Aggravated Perjury
What is the primary reason for use of dealer tags
demonstration of vehicle
Dark blue discoloration of the body that's closest to the ground is called _____ and may provide clues as to whether or not the body was moved.
post mortem lividity
Stiffening of the body that starts at the neck and lower jaw and proceeds downward is called ______.
rigor mortis
What is the day you cannot serve civil process?
An individuals rights are laid out in which amendment?
What writ issued by the court requires the holding agency to bring the body to determine if their is a lawful reason to hold that person?
The speed limit on a beach is __________ miles per hour.
This amendment protects persons against cruel or unusual punishment & excessive bail:
8th amendment
Forbidden conduct, required culpability, required result and negation of any exception to the offense are the________.
The four elements of an offense:
If Sam picked up his child from the babysitter, during a period of time that his ex-wife had possession per a court order, he could be charged with what offense?
Interference With Child Custody
Who founded the Metropolitan Police Department?
Sir Robert Peel
Freedom of speech, religion, and the press are enumerated in which amendment?
First Amendment
In addition to other elements of a riot, there must be a minimum of how many people involved?
A person commits this offense if their is sexual conduct or touching with a child younger than 17 years of age and not the person's spouse.
Indecency with a child
The act of keeping back or withholding, by design, a person is called________.
If a person tampered with a price tag he has committed what offense?
An order from the court that directs the witness to appear and bring some item(s) with him/her.
Subpoena Ducus Tecum/or/writ of certiorari
A ______ is a child who is accused, adjudicated, or convicted for conduct that would not, under state law, be a crime if committed by an adult
Status Offender
This is a vehicle not designed to transport people or property and is only incidentally driven on the highway
Special Mobile Equipment
1979 case that requires reasonable supicion not just because you're in the wrong area and fail to identify
The Texas Rangers were established in 1823 by who?
Stephen F Austin
The time specified in the notice to appear must be at least how long?
10 days
Implied consent is given for what kind of tests relating to alcohol testing?
The order needed from a court to evict someone is the __________.
Joe abducted a 3 year old for ransom and then got scared and let the child go free, what is the charge if any?
A person commits what offense if in a public place, while under the influence of intoxicants; the person operates a motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft or amusement ride and causes the death of a person.
What is the name given to a variety of writs, with the objective of bringing the party before a court or a judge. The primary function of the writs is to release a person who is being held illegally.
Writ of habeas corpus
Examining bloodstains and hair roots is called:
DNA Fingerprinting
Routes of exposure are____________________.
Eye Absorption
Skin Absorption
What is the charge for smoking in an elevator?
Smoking Tobacco
On a felony stop the preferred way is to __________ to the left and back __________ feet.
10-15 feet behind and offset to the left
What is the only crime enumerated in the US Constitution?
A person enters a garage attached to a house and takes $1500 worth of merchandise out of the car, he could be charged with __________.
Probable cause can be used to search the vehicle came out of which case law?
U.S. vs ROSS
Hazard lights and turn signals are required to be visible from at least __________ feet.
A__________ is an order signed by the proper magistrate directing a sheriff to receive and place in jail the person named.
The water park district officer is a___________?
Peace Officer
On a curve, you cannot pass another vehicle within how many feet
Under what Penalty Group is Heroin found?
Penalty Group 1
Pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle on the highway if crossing a roadway at a place
other than in a marked crosswalk
How many 8 ounce glasses of water are recommended for daily consumption?
The "Illegal Per Se" law makes it an offense to operate a motor vehicle while _________.
Having a statutorily prohibited blood alcohol content
Alcohol concentration relates to:
the number of grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood
the number of grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath
the number of grams of alcohol per 67 milliliters of urine
Every vehicle upon a highway within this State at any time from a half hour after sunset to a half hour before sunrise and at any other time when, due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric conditions, persons and vehicles on the highway are not clearly discernible at a distance of ____________ feet ahead shall display lighted lamps and illuminating devices as required.
What triggers PTSD?
Traumatic event
A person in the course of committing theft, and with the intent to obtain or maintain control of property, he intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly places another in fear of imminent bodily injury or death.
The police role in physical arrest is two-fold, to protect the public and __________.
to take the violator into custody
Which of the following is the statute of limitation for robbery?
5 years
"Improved Shoulder means" ___________________.
A paved shoulder
An operator may not stop, stand, or park a vehicle within ____ feet of a fire hydrant.
The sheriff is the conservator of peace and has county wide jurisdiction.
You can frisk if there is _______ that the suspect may be in possession of a weapon.
reasonable fear
Both search and arrest warrants must be based on
Probable Cause
What single event served most to remove the police officer from contact with the community?
Extensive use of the automobile for patrol
A law enforcement officer may take possession of a child without a court order under any circumstances.
A person has committed the offense of _______________, if he intentionally prevents or obstructs a person he knows is a peace officer from effecting an arrest or search, by using force against the peace officer.
Resisting Arrest
Which of the following is a defense to prosecution for not wearing a seat belt?
mail carrier on rounds
For which of the following violations must the police officer permit the violator to sign a promise to appear if the operator is a resident of the state of Texas and is operating a vehicle licensed in Texas?
"A device or a drug that is unsafe for self-medication and that is not included in Schedules I through V or Penalty Groups 1 through 4 of Chapter 481 Health and Safety Code" defines:
Dangerous Drug
A motor vehicle used to transport persons and designed to accommodate more than 10 passengers, including the operator, is the definition of a/an ________.
A person intentionally or knowingly: requests, commands, or attempts to induce another person to engage in specific conduct that would constitute a capital or 1st degree felony.
Criminal Solicitation
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, the security given by the accused that he will appear and answer before the proper court the accusation brought against him is known as ________.
A child may be held in a jail with adults arrested for or charged with a crime if no separate juvenile facility is available.
The major classifications of drugs include narcotics, depressants, stimulants and ______.
Every vehicle which is self propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, is a:
Motor Vehicle
What is the first thing an officer does during the "Scene Management" stage?
Care for injured
What is the daily consumption recommendation for whole grain, bread, pasta, or cereal servings?
at least 6
According to Sec. 22.021 of the Penal Code a person commits the offense of Aggravated Sexual assault if he commits sexual assault and:
The victim is younger than 14 years of age
The victim is 65 years of age or older
The person uses or exhibits a deadly weapon in the course of the same criminal episode
Title 8 of the Texas Penal Code (chapters 36, 37 and 38):
codifies certain illegal behaviors of public officials
Co-workers can help someone with an alcohol problem by.
Recognizing the problem
Encouraging the person after they seek help
Urging the person to seek help
A good structured field sobriety test is simple and _____________________.
Divides the suspect's attention
Which culpable mental state refers to a person's conscious objective or desire to engage in a conduct or cause a result?
Which of the following is a force option?
Professional presence
Name the most common field sobriety tests administered?
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN)
Walk and Turn
One Leg Stand
A citizen may proceed past a red light if _____________
directed to do so by a peace officer
According to the HSC 481.121, possession of Marihuana: A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly possesses a ____________ quantity of marihuana.
According to the Transportation Code, it is unlawful to operate an open bed pickup truck with a child younger than _____ in the open bed.
A peace officer has jurisdiction in all but one circumstance below. In which does the officer not have jurisdiction to investigate and issue a traffic citation if warranted?
The violator is operating a motor vehicle with an expired MVI in a parking lot for which a fee is paid for parking motor vehicles.
A _________________ is a group of words that expresses a complete thought
The limitation on indictment in misdemeanor cases, from the date of the commission of the offense, is which of the following:
2 years
The Sixth Amendment to the Federal Constitution includes:
The right of an accused to counsel for his defense
Communication is:
the transfer of meaning
At least two reflectors on the rear of a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer must be __________ in color.
Of the many requisites of an arrest warrant, which of those listed is not a requisite?
The date the warrant is issued.
According to Commissions Rules, if a licensee's name is changed for any reason, such as marriage, divorce, or other court action, it must be reported to the Commission within ____ days.
Which of the following is not among those items listed in Art. 1.03 of the CCP titled, "Objectives of this Code"?
There are two requirements for a valid abandonment under Texas Law: first, the defendant must intend to abandon the property and second, the decision to abandon must be made ________________, not merely the product of police misconduct.
Freely or voluntary
____________ is the cap which holds down all the other areas in the wellness pyramid.
The Texas Family code defines child as:
A person who is 10 years or older and under 17 years of age
The word "nystagmus" means ________________.
Involuntary jerking of the eyes
In U.S. v. Carroll, the Supreme Court upheld an officer's right to search a vehicle's trunk when the officers have _____.
probable cause
According to Sec. 217.11 Legislatively Required Continuing Education for Licensees, the legislatively required continuing education program for individuals licensed as peace officers shall consist of __________ hours of training.
Perjury consists of making a false statement
With intent to deceive
Under oath
With knowledge of the statements meaning
Physical balance is the position that allows you the ability to move while maintaining balance, strength and ______________.
When an indictment is not issued by a grand jury, a person may be charged with an offense in:
an information
Which of the following duties must a peace officer perform in a family violence disturbance?
Give written notice of victim's legal rights
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what is a writ issued by a court directing any peace officer in the state, commanding him to arrest a person accused of an offense and bring him before that court immediately called?
Which of the following is not one of the three common methods of drug abuse?
If a person intentionally or knowingly causes the penetration of the anus or sexual organ of another person by any means, without that person's consent, the actor has committed the offense of __________________.
Sexual Assault
Objectivity involves the _______________________________ without distortion by personal feelings or prejudices.
Expression or use of facts
Which culpable mental state refers to a person's conduct or the result of his conduct when he ought to be aware of a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the circumstances exist or the result will occur when and to the degree that the failure to perceive it constitutes a gross deviation from the standard of care that an ordinary person would exercise under all the circumstances as viewed from the actor's standpoint?
Criminal Negligence
The use of force by an actor against a peace officer, to resist an arrest or search may be justified when:
a peace officer uses greater force than is necessary to arrest, before the actor offers any resistance, and when the actor believes the force is necessary to protect himself against the peace officer's excessive force
There are varying degrees of wellness, ranging from death to ____________________ .
Optimal well-being
The Fifth Amendment addresses which of the following:
Right to a Grand Jury
According to Sec. 211.27 of the commission rules, when a person who holds a commission license or certificate is arrested, charged, or indicted for a criminal offense above the grade of Class C misdemeanor or for any Class C misdemeanor involving the duties and responsibilities of office or family violence, that person must report such fact to the commission in writing within ____________ days.
What type of injury must occur to constitute an assault punishable as a class A misdemeanor?
Bodily Injury
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, an affidavit made before a magistrate charging the commission of an offense is called a/an _______.
_______________ is holding a person for a limited time who is not yet answerable to a criminal offense.
Temporary Detention
A person knowingly causes serious bodily injury to another in the course of committing theft. According to the Penal Code, what is the most serious offense committed?
Aggravated Robbery
An operator may not, except momentarily to pick up or discharge a passenger, stand or park an occupied or unoccupied vehicle within _____ feet on the approach to a flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign or traffic control signal located at the side of a roadway.
During the "Traffic Control" stage what should be done?
Remove vehicles and debris
Any peace officer who refuses or fails to execute any legal process shall be liable to a fine for contempt:
not less than $10 nor more than $200
A person commits what offense if he intentionally or knowingly leaves a motel without paying his bill of $65?
Theft of Service
The area from which an arrested person may gain possession of a weapon or destroy evidence is:
Area of immediate control
An operator may not turn the vehicle to move in the opposite direction when approaching a curve or crest of a grade if the vehicle is not visible to the operator of another vehicle approaching from either direction within ________ feet.
Of the studies that have been done on law enforcement, most suggest that alcohol and drug abuse is ____________ than in the general population.
As frequent or more frequent
A man restricts h is wife's movements without her consent by confining her in the bedroom; after a day passes he lets her go free. What crime, if any, did the man commit?
unlawful restraint
For a juvenile to be taken into custody for driving under the influence of alcohol, they must have a blood alcohol content of:
Any detectable amount
In the SFST Walk and Turn test, the suspect must be instructed to take nine steps up the line and ____ steps back down the line.
According to the Penal Code, what offense is committed when a person threatens to harm another, by an unlawful act, on account of their service as a witness or public servant?
Obstruction or retaliation
According to Article 2.12 of the Code, which of the following is not a peace officer?
Border Patrol agent
Communication is based on:
7%-10% on content
Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing, and signals indicate that a train is approaching, the driver shall.
stop not less than 15 feet from the crossing
Which of the following is an example of Weaponless Strategies?
Come along
A person commits the offense of ____________ if the person disposes of litter at a place that is not an approved solid waste site, including a place on or within 300 feet of a public highway.
Illegal Dumping
The provisions limiting the operations of vehicles on an improved shoulder shall not apply to.
authorized emergency vehicles responding to calls
When an officer makes an arrest, he may make a ________ of a person for _______.
full search/anything
According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, what is a law enforcement-initiated action based on an individual's ethnicity or national origin rather than the individual's behavior?
racial profiling
A person may not be prosecuted for or convicted of an offense (other than perjury, aggravated perjury, or traffic offenses) that he/she committed when
younger than 17 years of age, unless juvenile court waives jurisdiction
According to CCP Art. 14.02, a peace officer may arrest, without warrant, when a felony or breach of the peace has been committed in the presence or within the view of a magistrate, and such magistrate ________________ the arrest of the offender.
verbally orders
Proper proof of insurance would require which of the following:
Vehicle identification number
policy number
Expiration date
Eat ____________, in a relaxed pleasant place.
When can a landlord consent to the search of a tenants property/dwelling?
Only after the tenant has vacated (anything left is considered abandoned property)
____________ is always open to police evidence?
Abandoned Property
What is significant about Border Searches?
They DO NOT require probable cause