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Ad Hominem Fallacy
a fallacy of logic in which a person's character or motive is attacked instead of their argument
an extended narrative in prose or verse in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract qualities in which the author intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface of the story
a brief or indirect reference to a person, place, passage, or event in a work of literature that is well known
a comparison between two things in which the more complex is explained in terms of more simple
a short entertaining account of something happening, frequently personal or biographical used to bring humor or to illustrate a particular characteristic or trait
a strategy in which an absent person, inanimate object, or abstract being is addressed directly
Appeal to authority/ expert testimony
citation of information from people recognized for their special knowledge of a subject for the purpose of strengthening an argument
either saying that supporting a specific cause/stance would result in the rejection of peeers or using the popular support of a cause/stance to persuade other to support it as well
Begging the Question
fallacy of logical argument that assumes the reader will automatically accept in assertion without proper support
a syntactical structure by which the order of the terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in the second
words or phrases used in everyday conversation and informal writing which is usually inappropriate in formal writning
words that describe specific, observable things, people, or things rather than ideas or qualities
implied or suggested meaning of a word because of its association with the reader's mind
long, complicated sentences that are often hard to follow because they are wordy and too many ideas are rolled together
the repetition of the same word or groups of words at the ends of phrases, clauses, or sentences
the use of a word or phrase that is less direct, but that is also less distatesteful or offensive than another
a fallacy of concluding that an event is cause by another event simply because it follow sit
a fallacy of logical argument which is committed when too few of the available alternatives are considered, and all but one are deemed impossible
a sentence consiting of three or more very short independent clauses joined by conjuctions
an expression i n the usage of a language that has a meaning that cannot be derived from the conjoined literal meanings of the seperate elements
type of zeugma - putting together two contrasting elments that are so unlike that the effect is suprising, witty, or even startling
a figure of speech in which one thing is compared to another by being spoken of as thought it were that thing
Figure of speech that replaces the name of an object, person, or idea with something with which its is associated
a fallacy in which the author draw too general of a conclusion from the presented information or arguments
a fallacy in which the author obscure s or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument
any structure which brings together parallel elements to show the ideas in parts of sentences are of equal importance
in contemporary usage, parody is a form of satire that imitates another work of art in order to ridicule it
Periodic Sentence Structure
simple sentence with details added to the beginning or interpreting the simple sentence
Reductio Ad Absurdrum
"to reduce to the absurd" technique useful for creating a comic effect ans is also an argumentative technique
question asked for rhetorical effect or to emphasize a point, no answer being expected
Figure of speech that uses like or as, or as if to make a direct comparison between two essentially different objects, actions, or qualities.
a fallacy in which a person asserts that some event must inevitably follow from another without any argument for the inevitably of the event in question
an organizational strategy where information is organized using spatial cues such as top to bottom, etc.
character who represents a trait that is usually attributed to a particular social or racial group and who lacks individuality
when an author argues against a claim that nobody actually holds or is universally considered weak. diverts attention from real issues
Stream of Consciousness
like a first person narrator, but placing the reader inside the characters head
when a single word that governs or modifies two others must be understood differently with respect to each of those words
figure of speech in which there is a blending of different senses in describing something
word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence and paragraph to paragraph
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