61 terms

Milady's Chapter 16

Milady's Chapter 16 Haircutting
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Surfaces on the head where the head changes, such as the ears, jawline, and occipital bone, are referred to as:
reference points
Reference points in a haircut are used to establish:
design lines
The part of the head that is found by placing a comb flat on the side of the head is the:
parietal ridge
Placing a comb flat against the nape of the head and finding where the comb leaves the head can be used to locate the:
occipital bone
The highest point on the top of the head is the:
apex
Achieving balance within a design can be accomplished by understanding the head shape and:
reference points
The location of the four corners signals a change in the:
head shape
The two front corners represent the widest part of the:
bang area
Hair that grows below the parietal, or crest, hangs because of:
gravity
The area of the head that is between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is the:
crown
The nape area is defined as the area at the back part of the neck and consists of the hair below the:
occipital bone
The area that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners and is located by placing a comb on top of the head so that the middle of the comb is balanced is the:
bang area
The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point is a(n):
angle
A line is a thin continuous mark used as a(n):
guide
Lines in haircutting that are parallel to the horizon, or the floor are:
horizontal lines
Lines that are up and down and are perpendicular to the floor are:
vertical lines
Horizontal lines are used to create one-length and low-elevation cuts and build:
weight
The straight lines used to remove weight and create graduated or layered haircuts are:
vertical
Diagonal lines in a haircut blend long layers into short layers and create:
fullness
An important element in creating a strong foundation and consistency in haircutting and creating shapes is the use of:
angles
Elevation creates graduation and layers and is usually described in:
degrees
The uniform working areas used for control during haircutting are called:
sections
The line dividing hair at the scalp, separating one section from another, creating subsections is a:
parting
Lifting any section of hair above 0 degrees is known as:
elevation
When you are building weight in a haircut, the hair should be held:
below 90 degrees
The hair type that requires less elevation and should be left a bit longer because of shrinkage when it dries is:
curly hair
The angle at which the fingers are held when cutting is referred to as the:
cutting line
A section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut is the:
guideline
The guideline where a small slice of a previous subsection is moved to the next position and becomes the new guideline is a:
traveling guide
A guideline used in a blunt, one-length haircut, or used in overdirection to create a length or weight increase is a(n):
stationary guide
In creating a length increase in the design of graduated and layered haircuts, the technique to use is:
over-direction
On a layered haircut, if you want the hair to be longer toward the front, overdirect the sections to a stationary guide at the:
back of the ears
The conversation where the practitioner offers professional advice and suggestions to a client is the:
client consultation
The growth pattern is the direction in which hair grows from the scalp and is also called the:
natural falling position
The thickness or diameter of each hair strand is referred to as hair:
texture
Hair density is usually described as being:
thin, medium, or thick
The amount of movement in the hair strand is referred to as the:
wave pattern
Shears that are designed to remove more hair, with larger teeth set farther apart, are:
notching shears
The comb used for close tapers on the nape and sides and when using a scissor-over-comb technique is a:
barber comb
When performing a haircut, the wide teeth of the comb are used to:
comb and part the hair
The amount of pressure applied when combing or holding a subsection during a haircut is called:
tension
The degree of tension used on hairlines with strong growth patterns or around the ears is:
minimum
When cutting hair, a general rule of thumb is to stand or sit directly in front of the area you are cutting and to keep your body weight:
centered
When cutting with a vertical or diagonal cutting line, the best way to maintain control of the subsection is to cut:
palm-to-palm
The hand position that is used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:
over fingers
To reduce strain on the index finger and thumb while cutting hair, it is important to:
palm the shears
After a haircut and before blow-drying a client, sanitation and disinfection guidelines require the practitioner to:
sweep and dispose of hair
A one-length haircut where all the hair comes to one hanging length is also known as a:
blunt cut
A visual line in a haircut where the ends of the hair hang together is called the:
weight line
Haircuts that generally have less weight than graduated haircuts are:
layered cuts
A basic haircut where the hair is cut at a 180-degree angle is the:
long-layered cut
The technique used to check a haircut for precision of line and shape is:
cross-checking
In general, a razor should not be used on curly hair as it weakens the:
cuticle
The cutting technique used to layer very long hair and keep weight at the perimeter is:
slide cutting
The process of removing excess bulk without shortening hair length is:
texturizing
A more aggressive version of point cutting that creates a chunkier effect is:
notching
A texturizing technique performed on the ends of hair using the tips of the shears to remove bulk is:
point cutting
Thinning hair using a sliding movement with the blades of the shear partially opened to reduce volume and create movement is:
slithering
When using the slicing technique to remove bulk, the shears should never be completely:
closed
Electric or battery-operated tools that cut the hair by using two moving blades held in place by a metal plate with teeth are:
clippers
The technique that allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp and create a flat-top or square shape is:
clipper-over-comb