How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

61 terms

Milady's Chapter 16

Milady's Chapter 16 Haircutting
STUDY
PLAY
Surfaces on the head where the head changes, such as the ears, jawline, and occipital bone, are referred to as:
reference points
Reference points in a haircut are used to establish:
design lines
The part of the head that is found by placing a comb flat on the side of the head is the:
parietal ridge
Placing a comb flat against the nape of the head and finding where the comb leaves the head can be used to locate the:
occipital bone
The highest point on the top of the head is the:
apex
Achieving balance within a design can be accomplished by understanding the head shape and:
reference points
The location of the four corners signals a change in the:
head shape
The two front corners represent the widest part of the:
bang area
Hair that grows below the parietal, or crest, hangs because of:
gravity
The area of the head that is between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is the:
crown
The nape area is defined as the area at the back part of the neck and consists of the hair below the:
occipital bone
The area that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners and is located by placing a comb on top of the head so that the middle of the comb is balanced is the:
bang area
The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point is a(n):
angle
A line is a thin continuous mark used as a(n):
guide
Lines in haircutting that are parallel to the horizon, or the floor are:
horizontal lines
Lines that are up and down and are perpendicular to the floor are:
vertical lines
Horizontal lines are used to create one-length and low-elevation cuts and build:
weight
The straight lines used to remove weight and create graduated or layered haircuts are:
vertical
Diagonal lines in a haircut blend long layers into short layers and create:
fullness
An important element in creating a strong foundation and consistency in haircutting and creating shapes is the use of:
angles
Elevation creates graduation and layers and is usually described in:
degrees
The uniform working areas used for control during haircutting are called:
sections
The line dividing hair at the scalp, separating one section from another, creating subsections is a:
parting
Lifting any section of hair above 0 degrees is known as:
elevation
When you are building weight in a haircut, the hair should be held:
below 90 degrees
The hair type that requires less elevation and should be left a bit longer because of shrinkage when it dries is:
curly hair
The angle at which the fingers are held when cutting is referred to as the:
cutting line
A section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut is the:
guideline
The guideline where a small slice of a previous subsection is moved to the next position and becomes the new guideline is a:
traveling guide
A guideline used in a blunt, one-length haircut, or used in overdirection to create a length or weight increase is a(n):
stationary guide
In creating a length increase in the design of graduated and layered haircuts, the technique to use is:
over-direction
On a layered haircut, if you want the hair to be longer toward the front, overdirect the sections to a stationary guide at the:
back of the ears
The conversation where the practitioner offers professional advice and suggestions to a client is the:
client consultation
The growth pattern is the direction in which hair grows from the scalp and is also called the:
natural falling position
The thickness or diameter of each hair strand is referred to as hair:
texture
Hair density is usually described as being:
thin, medium, or thick
The amount of movement in the hair strand is referred to as the:
wave pattern
Shears that are designed to remove more hair, with larger teeth set farther apart, are:
notching shears
The comb used for close tapers on the nape and sides and when using a scissor-over-comb technique is a:
barber comb
When performing a haircut, the wide teeth of the comb are used to:
comb and part the hair
The amount of pressure applied when combing or holding a subsection during a haircut is called:
tension
The degree of tension used on hairlines with strong growth patterns or around the ears is:
minimum
When cutting hair, a general rule of thumb is to stand or sit directly in front of the area you are cutting and to keep your body weight:
centered
When cutting with a vertical or diagonal cutting line, the best way to maintain control of the subsection is to cut:
palm-to-palm
The hand position that is used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:
over fingers
To reduce strain on the index finger and thumb while cutting hair, it is important to:
palm the shears
After a haircut and before blow-drying a client, sanitation and disinfection guidelines require the practitioner to:
sweep and dispose of hair
A one-length haircut where all the hair comes to one hanging length is also known as a:
blunt cut
A visual line in a haircut where the ends of the hair hang together is called the:
weight line
Haircuts that generally have less weight than graduated haircuts are:
layered cuts
A basic haircut where the hair is cut at a 180-degree angle is the:
long-layered cut
The technique used to check a haircut for precision of line and shape is:
cross-checking
In general, a razor should not be used on curly hair as it weakens the:
cuticle
The cutting technique used to layer very long hair and keep weight at the perimeter is:
slide cutting
The process of removing excess bulk without shortening hair length is:
texturizing
A more aggressive version of point cutting that creates a chunkier effect is:
notching
A texturizing technique performed on the ends of hair using the tips of the shears to remove bulk is:
point cutting
Thinning hair using a sliding movement with the blades of the shear partially opened to reduce volume and create movement is:
slithering
When using the slicing technique to remove bulk, the shears should never be completely:
closed
Electric or battery-operated tools that cut the hair by using two moving blades held in place by a metal plate with teeth are:
clippers
The technique that allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp and create a flat-top or square shape is:
clipper-over-comb