Praxis II - Library Media Specialist (0311)

Terms in this set (181)

Motherboard: The motherboard serves to connect all of the parts of a computer together. The CPU, memory, hard drives, optical drives, video card, sound card and other ports and expansion cards all connect to the motherboard directly or via cables.

CPU: The CPU/processor (Central Processing Unit) is the brains behind your computer. The CPU is responsible for performing calculations and tasks that make programs work. The faster the CPU, the quicker programs can process computations and commands. It's usually more trouble than it's worth to replace the processor.

RAM: A fast CPU is useless without an adequate amount of RAM (Random Access Memory). RAM is usually referred to as a computer's memory -- meaning it stores information that is used by running programs or applications. More memory lets you run more applications at the same time without degrading your system's performance. *To see the biggest increase in performance, increase the amount of RAM in an older computer.

Hard Disk Drive: The hard disk drive (HDD) of the computer is where permanent information is stored. The HDD speed can affect how fast you can access your files.

Optical Drives (CD, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD, DVD-R, DVD-RW). Most software you buy comes on a CD-ROM, and you'll use your CD or DVD drive to read it and copy the software onto your computer.

Video Card: The video card is a board that plugs into the PC motherboard to give it display capabilities. New video cards come with their own RAM and processor to help speed up the graphics display. Many computers come with video chips built in. That makes a separate video card unnecessary, unless the computer is going to be used for high-end multimedia work or to play video games.

Sound Card: Like video cards, sound cards are expansion boards used for enabling a computer to manipulate sound. Most sound cards give you the power to plug in speakers and a microphone. Some even give you the jacks for hooking your computer up to a common stereo. As with video cards, many computers come with sound chips, making it unnecessary to buy a separate card, unless you need higher sound quality for your work.

Router - a physical device that joins multiple wired or wireless networks together; An IP router such as a DSL or cable modem broadband router joins the home's local area network (LAN) to the wide-area network (WAN) of the Internet.

Spyware/Viruses - mostly affects Windows users

Preventing problems with software: Performing regular maintenance will forestall problems with your operating system and other software. That means installing updates from the software vendor, defragmenting the hard drive, running Scandisk on Windows 98 or chkdsk on Windows 2000 or Windows XP.
AACR - Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules

AAP - Association of American Publishers

AASL - American Association of School Librarians

AECT - Association for Educational Communications & Technology

ALA - American Library Association

ALSC - Association for Library Service to Children

ASCD - Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

COD - Committee on Diversity

DMCA - Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998

ESEA - Elementary and Secondary Education Act

FRBR - Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records

IFLA - International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions

ILL - Inter-Library Loan or Inter-Library Lending

ISBN - International Standard Book Number

ISSN - International Standard Serial Number

LC - Library of Congress

LIRT - Library Instruction Round Table

LITA - Library & Information Technology Association

LSTA - Library Services and Technology Act

LSSPS - Libraries Serving Special Populations Section (ASCLA)

MARC - MAchine Readable Cataloging

MARS - Machine Assisted Reference Section (RUSA)

NABE - National Association for Bilingual Education

NCATE - National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education

NCES - National Center for Education Statistics

NCLB - No Child Left Behind

NEA - National Education Association

OCLC - Online Computer Library Center

OIF - Office for Intellectual Freedom

OPAC - Online Public Access Catalog

RDA - Resource Description and Access (new cataloguing standard that will replace the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules AACR)

REFORMA - National Association to Promote Library Services to the Spanish Speaking

RFP - Request for Proposal

RUSA - Reference and User Services Association

WAI - Web Accessibility Initiative

XML - Extensible Markup Language

YALSA - Young Adult Library Services Association
"The Snowy Day" (Ezra Jack Keats; 1963 Caldecott Medal, fiction) - Features a little boy named Peter exploring his neighborhood after the first snowfall of the season. Keats (a Polish immigrant) wanted to have minority children of New York as central characters in his stories.

"Flowers for Algernon" (Daniel Keyes, 1966, science fiction) - Told as a series of "Progress Reports" written by Charlie Gordon, a 32 year-old man whose IQ of 68 is tripled by an experimental surgical procedure. Unfortunately, the effects of the operation wear off after several months, and at the end of the novel Charlie is once more of subnormal intelligence. Remarkable use of first-person point of view, as Charlie's entries move from semi-literacy to complex sophistication and back to semi-literacy.The book won the Nebula Award of the Science Fiction Writers of America. Historical context: civil rightss in the 1960s (discriminated against for being too dumb, then too smart, and treated as a lab specimen)

"Go Ask Alice" (Anonymous a.k.a. editor Beatrice Sparks, 1971, originally promoted as nonfiction and later listed as a work of fiction since the late 80s) - The book purports to be the actual diary of an anonymous 15 year-old teenage girl. She records her thoughts and concerns about issues such as crushes, weight gain, sexuality, social acceptance, and difficulty relating to her parents. She later dies of a drug overdose, and the book is presented as a testimony against drug use.

"The Color Purple" (Alice Walker, 1982, historical fiction) - Set in rural Georgia during the 1930s. Theme of double repression of black women in the American experience by white community and also black males. Criticized for negative portrayal of the black male characters but admired for powerful portraits of black women. The central character (14 year old Celie) triumphs over adversity and forgives those who oppressed her. Her father raped her, and she has two children, a girl and a boy, whom "Pa" took away from her. She later falls in love with Shug Avery, a blues singer. Epistolary form: written correspondence between characters comprises the content of the book. Use of black folk English.
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