Earth Science NYS Unit 1 Measurements

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Using the senses to gather data from the environment


May extend the senses

Qualitative Observation

Properties of an item that are not easily measured

Qualitative and Quantitative

Two types of observations


Type of observation where a property can be measured using a tool that extends the senses


Distance between two points


Distance between two points


Distance between two points


how much space an object takes up

Regular Solids

Cubes, Rectangular Prisms, Cylinders, Spheres are examples of what kind of geometric shapes


The Volume of a Regular Solid can be calculated using a

Rectangular Solids

The Formula V = L x W x H gives the Volume of


The Formula V = (Pi) x R2 x H gives the Volume of

water displacement

the volume of an irregular solid is determined using


How much matter an object contains

Mass is Determined Using

A Balance

Measured using a Stopwatch



measured with a thermometer

Celsius scale

for most measurements, temperatures are measured on the

Fahrenheit scale

for weather variables, temperatures are recorded on the


describes how much mass is found in an amount of space


constant for substances at given temperatures

T/F: Density can never change



in general, density decreases as a substance is


in general, density increases as a substance is

T/F: Density is effected by pressure



if the same amount of mass is compressed (squished) into a smaller space, the density


if the pressure of an object, like a gas, decreases, its volume will expand while its mass stays the same, causing the density to


*EXCEPTION* = water- density decreases as it is

D = M/V is the formula for


D = M/V this formula represents

Density = Mass ÷ Volume

you can use the density equation to determine two other things

Mass or Volume

T/F: If you are looking for either mass or volume, put density over 1 and cross multiply and divide


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