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Texas Government Final Exam III (Elections and Voting Questions)
This is both notes from the lecture and the q/a from the reading quiz
Terms in this set (37)
Do Texas Politicians prefer citizens not to vote?
Less voters, less people against amendments
Are Texas election systems designed to produce certain types of outcomes?
Only white males
Only land Owners
Poll Tax (no poor people)
the right to vote
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Ended race discrimination in voting
Section 5 Preclearance
federal oversight of elections
Voting Rights Act 1975 renewal
Bilingual ballots required in counties where ≥5% population with non-English first language
1993 Motor Voter Law
States required to offer voter registration to driver license or public assistance applicants
2002 Help America Vote Act
Federal law mandates electronic voting, standardizes elections
Determine party's nominees for general election
If no candidate receives a majority (50% + 1) of votes, a runoff primary is held between two candidates with most votes
voters declare party at registration
voters do not have to declare party
Texas' semi-open primary
voters select party ballot at poll
Major state officials elected in Nov. of even-numbered years
Local elections often occur at other times, with low voter turnout (Sville City elections usually in May)
Not held on a regularly scheduled basis—date set by TX legislature
Fills vacancies in offices, gives approval to borrow money (bond election), TX constitutional amendments
17-4 days before election day
Apply for ballot two weeks before election
Ballot must be postmarked by election day
Must choose between registering at home or campus address
Which of the following accurately describes voter registration requirements in Texas? Mark all that apply.
1. You must reside in the county where the registration application is submitted.
2. Citizens must register to vote at least thirty days before an election.
Regarding the right to vote, a convicted felon may
vote once the sentence, probation, and/or parole are completed.
What are some characteristics essential to a democratic, representative government? Mark all that apply.
1. fair competition
2. free elections
3. ballot box access
Authority regarding how elections are conducted evolved over time. Place the characteristics in chronological order.
1. States given power to determine times, places, and manner of holding elections.
2. National Oversight increases through a series of Post-Civil War amendments to the US Constitution
3. U.S. Supreme Court decisions strike down state laws limiting the right to vote.
4. US Congress passes voting rights act of 1965, which gives the department of justice more power over state election processes.
The list of registered voters in Texas may be maintained by the _____. Mark all that apply.
1. county elections office
2. county clerk's office
3. county tax assessor
The Republic of Texas denied suffrage, or the right to vote, to all _____. Mark all that apply.
Which of the following are examples of ways citizens were prevented from voting in Texas? Mark all that apply.
Select the appropriate word to fill in the blanks.
In the late 1800's the Populist Party gained strength among __1.__ in Texas which threatened the dominance of __2.__ in the state. The __3.__ was a means to disenfranchise those who might vote for Populist Party candidates as well as __4.__ .
1. poor, small-, and medium-sized family farms
2. the Democratic Party
3. poll tax
4. African Americans
The national government gained more control over elections by _____.
removing barriers to voting
Place in chronological order the following events regarding Whites-only primary elections in Texas.
1. 1923: Texas state law supports whites-only primary elections.
2. 1924: In Nixon v. Herndon, the U.S. Supreme Court strikes down state laws supporting whites-only primaries. Texas Democratic party takes control of primaries where one must be white to vote.
3. 1944: In Smith v. Allwright, the U.S. Supreme Court strikes down political party whites only primaries. Texas Democratic Party in Fort Bend County use a whites only preprimary system.
4. 1953: In Terry v. Adams, the U.S. Supreme Court strikes down the "Jaybird" preprimary.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 included a formula to determine which states (and counties) had a pattern of discrimination against Black citizens. Government entities that did not meet the formula's requirements fell under _____ which gave the federal government oversight of election and voting law changes. The formula was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court decision _____ .
preclearance; Shelby County v. Holder
While legal barriers were erected to deny Black citizens the right to vote, Hispanic citizens more often faced _____. Mark all that apply.
English-only election materials
A(n) _____ election is one in which a political party selects its nominees prior to the general election. If one candidate does not receive a majority of the votes (50% + 1), then a _____ election is held to determine the party's specific candidate.
Match the type of primary with a distinguishing characteristic.
Closed: Only citizens who register with the party prior to election day may participate
Semi-closed: Only registered party members and those who have not declared a party may participate
Semi-open: Among the choices, the closest description of a Texas primary
Blanket: Ballot includes candidates from all parties; any citizen may participate
Although a number of states have moved to online voter registration, Texas has not due to _________ .
concerns about identity fraud
The federal government extended its power over state election and voting policies with legislation _____ Mark all that apply.
requiring states to update voting equipment and voter rolls
to expedite voter registration
prohibiting denying voting rights based on race
Ross Ramsey theorizes that moderates don't vote in primaries because they _____.
don't think they have something at stake in the election.
Checking one box on a ballot to vote for every candidate from a specific party is called _____ and ended in 2020. During presidential election in 2016, the option was used for almost _____ of total votes cast in Texas' ten largest counties and by members of the _____ political party.
straight ticket voting; 64; Democrat and Republican
An argument for allowing counties to issue bonds for transportation improvements is _____. Mark all that apply.
It will increase property values and thus property tax revenue to help pay off the bonds
it will support future economic prosperity
A proposed amendment the the Texas Bill of Rights would prohibit state or local governments from suspending or limiting religious services. An argument against the amendment is _____. Mark all that apply.
existing law adequately protects religious organizations
it could prevent local governments from enforcing safety measures during natural disasters
the Texas Constitution protects religious organizations
no faith group has an unqualified right to spread a communicable disease
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