Terms in this set (121)
Canadian Air Law Books?
CARS & aeronautical information manual
notice to airmen (mandatory before flight)
pilots report (what you issue)
Certificate of airworthiness
valid until sold, destroyed, or expiry date
7 things you need to fly
AIROWJYL (airworthiness)(registration)(Owners annual)(weight n balance)(journey log <25M)(Interception orders)(licenses)
flown within the last 5 years or rewritten exam in the last year
5 takeoffs and landings within the last 6 months
2 planes heading towards each other?
alter heading right
where do you pass?
on the right
who has the right of way when flying?
the plane with the plane on its right has the right of way
Right if way order?
1. fixed or free balloons 2. Gliders (airplanes taking another plane by tow) 3. Airships 4. Power driven or rotary wing
Who lands first when approaching an airport?
plane with lower altitude
If 2 planes were flying and one is landing who has the right of way?
minima for flying VFR in built up areas?
1000ft above highest obstacle,with a 2000ft radius
minima for flying VFR over non built up areas?
500ft over, 500ft radius
minimum altitude over and aerodrome?
How much fuel is required by law for a VFR flight during the day?
destination +30 mins
How much fuel is required by law for a VFR flight at night?
destination + 45 mins
Definition of night?
center of the sun below 6 degrees of the horizon. Between the end of civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight (not less than 30 mins after sunset and ending 30 mins before sunset)
definition of sunrise?
sun is on the horizon
definition of sunset?
sun is disappearing
what are the 7 required items when night flying?
AAAEMP (ASI)(pressure altimeter)(magnetic compass)(a way to illuminate instruments)(a way of establishing direction without compass)(everyone must have access to time and light)
what light is on the left wing?
what light is on the right wing?
legal visibility for wing lights?
visible for 2 miles at 11o degrees
color of light at the rear of the aircraft?
visibility of the light at the rear of the aircraft?
2 miles at 14o degrees
what lights must be installed on the plane in Canada and the US?
wing and rear lights, and anti collision lights
visibility of anti collision lights?
360 all around, projecting 30 degrees above and below the plane
white lights mounted on the top and bottom of the fuselage in line, spanwise with the running lights on the wing tip
What must you carry on overwater flights?
LBH 1. life jackets (for everyone) 2. 15.9 kg buoyancy and lights 3. information on HOW to use it
How far can a single engine plane fly over water?
gliding distance to land
When do you have to legally have life jackets on a plane?
beyond 50 NM of land
When do you have to legally have life rafts?
beyond 100 NM of land
intentionally performed abrupt change in attitude, abnormal attitude or abrupt variation in speed
Where are aerobatics permitted?
in uncontrolled airspace outside of cities, or designated class F airspaces
10hr. dual flight instruction or 20hr. solo (conducting aerobatic maneuvers) and 1hr. in the last 6 months
reportable aviation incidents
operation of the aircraft between the time the 1st person boards and the last person disembarks in which the plane or person dies or is injured
reportable aviation incidents (def. 2)
planes over 5700kg if anything bad happens
airport control service
for aircraft and vehicles on maneuvering area of the airport. (provided by ATC)
area control service
for VFR and IFR traffic within a specified control area. (provided by area control centers ACC)
terminal control service
for VFR and IFR traffic within a specified control area. (provided by terminal control units TCU)
terminal radar service
IFR operating within the radar service area. provided by ATC
notifies search and rescue
airspace reservation services
provides reserved airspace for specified air operations in controlled areas
customs notification services
provides notification to custom officials for transborder flights
air traffic clearance
authorization from ATC to proceed into controlled airspace
When communicating with ATC when do you read back instruction?
when flying IFR
when flying VFR and communicating with ATC, when do you read back?
when requested to do so
report made by pilot when passing a reporting point (t0 ATC)
official document, filed by ICAO
telling someone responsible your plans
Which plan does a VFR flight have to file?
either a flight plan or itinerary
What are the 3 steps of flying in an emergency?
1. aviate 2.navigate 3.communicate
putting in the code you get as an identification
what code do you squawk if you haven't gotten a code yet?
code for hijack
code for radio failure
code for emergencies
east is defined by
west is defined by
what altitudes would you be flying VFR to the west?
even thousands +500 for VFR
what altitudes would you be flying VFR to the east?
odd thousands +500 for VFR
what is the cruising speed of controlled airports?
within 10NM, less than 3000ft, 200 kts
what is the cruising speed of uncontrolled airports?
if over 10NM distance, 250kts
ATZ weather minima
no less than 3PSM, 1mile hor. from cloud, 500ft above cloud
within uncontrolled airspace weather minima
@ or above 1000ft: <1 m vis. day, <3 vis. night,500ft from cloud vert. 2oooft from cloud hor. below 100oft: <2m vis day, <3m vis. night
flying with clearance for under the weather minima conditions
cities (built up areas)
1oooft above highest obstacle, 2000ft away from highest obstacle
non built up areas
500ftx500ft above and away from highest obstacle
any area of land or water that designed for the arrival, departure, movement and servicing of aircrafts including buildings and equipment
any aerodrome in respect of which a certificate is in force
name the 4 classifications or aerodromes
1.public use 2.private use 3.registered 4.military
what is the name of Canada's flight directory?
Canadian Flight Supplement
The part of an airport intended for taking off, landing and movement. In other words taxiways and runways.
intended area for loading and unloading passengers and cargo, refueling, servicing and maintenance of the aircraft
are runways bearings magnetic or true?
what is the center line on the runway intended for?
help the pilot align the plane during takeoffs and landings
area of the runway used for turning around. Not for holding while other planes take off and land.
the beginning of that portion of the runway used for landing
where a pilot can abandon a takeoff. Marked with yellow chevrons
what is the color of the line painted in the center of the taxiway?
what does hold short mean?
a plane that is about to takeoff
where do planes hold short?
at the end of the taxiway
what indicates the end of a taxiway?
a yellow line across it
what color of lights is on the edges of the runway?
what color of lights is on the end of the runway?
what color of lights is at the beginning of the runway?
what color of lights is on the edge of the taxiways?
white strobe lights flashing to indicate where the airport is located. Used a night only.
used to mark tall towers and buildings indicating a flight hazard
2 types of landing light?
VASIS and PAPI
visual approach slope indicator system. designed to help pilots maintain good glide slopes (2.5-3 degrees)
bar beams on left side of the runway
across downwind leg, approach is into this area
1000ft above ground elevation
where do you need to keep circuit height?
crosswind and downwind leg
on which side should you clear the runway?
to the left
flashing green light?
cleared to taxi
steady green light?
cleared to takeoff
flashing red light?
runway in use
steady red light?
go back to starting point
blinking runway lights?
pedestrians and vehicles vacate
standard pressure region
Nunavut and up
what altimeter setting should be set in the standard pressure region?
air defense identification zone, enables security and control of air traffic
high level airspace
+18 000ft ASL. divided into southern control area, northern and artic
between outer perimeter of control zones and terminal control area and control area extensions. Used to accommodate IFR approaches
altitude. 18000ft only IFR
busy. 12500-17999ft altitude transition
congested. on top of airports
dialogue, still talking to someone
everything else. only IFR is controlled
go for it. no restrictions on anything, need to monitor 126.7
2000ft above highest obstacle and 5nm of radius
which circuits are standard?
1500ft this is when you have to be cleared and check windsock and runway