54 terms

AP English Midterm Words

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Nihilism
the belief that traditional morals, ideas, beliefs, etc., have no worth or value; the belief that society's political and social institutions are so bad that they should be destroyed
Tragic hero
a literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
Hamartia
Fatal flaw or error in judgment that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero
Catharsis
a purification or purgation of emotions (such as pity and fear) primarily through art
Satyr play
A grotesque skit in which actors mimicked the gods, wearing costumes to make themselves look half men, half goat
Deus ex machina
a character or thing that suddenly enters the story in a novel, play, movie, etc. and solves a problem that had previously seemed impossible to solve. A god introduced by means of a crane in Ancient Greek and Roman drama to decide the final outcome
Theatron
horseshoe shaped area for audience to sit
Skene
backdrop against which actors performed
Parados
Passage in ancient Greek theater between auditorium and skene (on side), Entrance of chorus on stage
Chorus
male group of singers and dancers who commented with a collective voice on the dramatic action
Exodus
exit of the chorus from stage
Strophe
part spoken by chorus, first stanza of a coral ode, the first half of a debate or argument presented by the chorus
Antistrophe
part spoken by chorus, other half of the debate or further exploration of the argument
Prologue
dialogue informing audience of the situation and background of the play
Episode
equivalent of modern acts
Stasimon
ode sung by the chorus between episodes
In medias res
in or into the middle of a narrative or plot
Epic simile
an extended simile often running several lines, use typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration
Stock epithets
Noun-adjective combinations that allowed the reciter to describe an object or character quickly and economically
Epic hero
a brave and noble character in an epic poem, admired for great achievements or affected by grand events
Personal lyric
lyric poems that deal with personal issues (usually love poems)
Victory odes
formal, ceremonial, complete lyric written to honor winners of prestigious athletic events
Requirements of victory ode
Praise athletic victory
Include victor's name
Include victory's family's name (for money)
Hometown of victor
Name of festival where victory was one
Name of event
Historical and mythical references
Thank muses (inspiration)
Heightened language (overblown) and imagery appropriate for a poem- sung or danced by a large group
Causality
the relationship between something that happens or exists and the thing that causes it
Dramatic irony
irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play, creates suspense
Mimesis
representation or imitation of the real world in art and literature
Peripeteia
reversal of circumstances; a turning point
Anagnorisis
recognition by the tragic hero of some truth about his or her identity or action that accompanies the reversal of the situation in the plot
Mythos
term used by Aristotle for the plot of a Greek tragedy
Ethos
Term used by Aristotle for the character of a Greek tragedy
Six parts of a Tragedy
Plot (mythos)
Character (ethos)
Thought
Diction
Song
Spectacle
Epic Poem
a long, narrative, heroic poem
Terza Rima
3-line rhyme scheme (aba, bcb, cdc, ded)
Quest
a pursuit through a series of adventures or trials of something or someone of special importance
Imagery
the use of words and details to create a vivid picture in the reader's mind, can be achieved through repetition, appeals to the senses
Anaphora
the repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses or sentences
Point of View
the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told
Punic Wars
set of 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage, Romans won all three
Virgil
Major Roman poet who wrote the Aeneid
Set out to write an epic poem to praise Rome
Augustus commissioned him to write a national epic of Rome
Ovid
Major Roman poet who wrote Metamorphoses
Wrote in celebration of amorous fantasy and sensual pleasure
Etiological myth
a myth that explains how something in the world came to be
Provides causes, origins, and reasons
Hubris
pride (a hamartia)
Verse narrative
a story told through lines written in a rhythmic, lyrical style, containing an identifiable number of accented beats
Apostrophe
An exclamatory passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person (typically one who is dead or absent) or thing (typically one that is personified)
Satire
A technique employed by writers to expose and criticize foolishness and corruption of an individual or society by using humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule. It intends to improve humanity by criticizing follies and foibles. Has a focus on a single person, a country, or the whole world.
Lyric poem
a poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. Unlike a narrative poem, it presents an experience or a single effect, but does not tell a full story
Allegory
a story in which the characters and events are symbols that stand for ideas about human life or for a political or historical situation
Augustus
Changed his name from Octavius
Thanks to him, we have the Aeneid
Reign is marked by a flowering of literature and architecture
Patronized poets and artists
Arete
...
Ekphrasis
...
Heroic Conflict
...
Homeric Epic
...
Pathos
...
Personification
...
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STUDY GUIDE