Concepts of engineering and technology
Terms in this set (37)
Knowledge of principals and causes; especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.
The practical application of science to commerce or industry. Generally takes the form of an artifact.
Originally, the art of managing machines; in its modern and extended sense, the art and science by which the mechanical properties of matter are made useful to man in structures and machines; ABET: "The profession in which knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, practice, is applied with judgment to develop ways to use, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.
an object produced or shaped by human craft.
A new way of doing something; an improvement on an existing form, composition or processes.
Limitation or restriction.
The exchange of one thing for another of more of less value, especially to affect a compromise
Human factors engineering, an applied science that coordinates the design of devices, systems, and physical working conditions with the capacities and requirements of a worker.
Something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison; those morals, ethnics, habits, ect., established by an authority, custom, or an individual as an acceptable.
A new, useful process, machine, improvement, ect., that did not exist previously and is recognized as the product as the product of some unique intuition of genius, as distinguished from ordinary mechanical skill or craftsmanship.
A person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk
Financial Considerations; the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, or the material welfare of human kind.
A representation, generally in miniature, to show the construction or appearance of something; a simplified representation of a system or phenomenon, as in the sciences or economics, with any hypothesis required to describe the system or explain the phenomenon, often mathematically.
A standard of judgment or criticism; a rule or principal for evaluating or testing something
A system of moral principals
an assemblage or combination of things or parts forming a complex or unitary whole
The fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, as transportation and communication systems, power plants, and schools.
The wealth, whether in money or property, owned or employed in business by an individual, firm, corporation, etc
A highly structured system of human organization for large-scale community living that normally furnishes protection, continuity, security, and a national identity for its members
The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group
to fuse or melt (ore) in order to separate the metal contained; to obtain or refine (metal) in this way.
a substance composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with a nonmetal, intimately mixed, as by fusion or Electro-deposition.
Of or pertaining to a practical point of view or practical considerations.
Domestication of animals
allowed the substitution of animal power for human power.
one of the earliest technologies
the domestication of plants and animals.
Use of fire
Smelting and metal work
major technological developments
the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
this led to the devlopement of steel as an alloy of iron and carbon
the iron age
solid wate disposal
it became a problem
what increased as a power source
mills and foundries
Many important innovations
the printing press, clocks, gunpowder, eyeglasses, and flush toilets.
became a widespread way of developing resources
The steam engine
arguably the most important engineering achievement.
Rule of law
led to an increase in the ownership of private property.
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