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Early River Civilizations

Unit One World History Essential Curriculum- Essential question "How did the earliest river civilizations begin as farming settlements and evolve into cities?" Declarative statement: "How did the early civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China fit the 5 criteria of a civlization?"
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culture
the way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs
civilization
a complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements
city-state
a state consisting of a sovereign city and its dependencies
dynasty
a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock or group
cultural diffusion
process of spreading ideas, languages, and customs from one culture to another
empire
a large political unit or state
river valley civilizations
the first four civilizations in recorded history
barter
a method of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services
artisan
a skilled trades person
ziggurat
a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and presenting the appearance of a series of terraces
cunieform
composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements to form characters for writing
bronze age
the period when the most advanced metalworking in the culture that used bronze
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
main rivers in Ancient Mesopotamia- modern day Iraq
Nile river
a major north-flowing river in North Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world
Indus river
river found in modern day Pakistan, origins of the Harrapan civilization
fertile crescent
an agricultural region extending from the Levant to Iraq
Hammurabi
the sixth king of Babylon from 1792 BC-1750 BC