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Unit One World History Essential Curriculum- Essential question "How did the earliest river civilizations begin as farming settlements and evolve into cities?" Declarative statement: "How did the early civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China fit the 5 criteria of a civlization?"


the way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs


a complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements


a state consisting of a sovereign city and its dependencies


a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock or group

cultural diffusion

process of spreading ideas, languages, and customs from one culture to another


a large political unit or state

river valley civilizations

the first four civilizations in recorded history


a method of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services


a skilled trades person


a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and presenting the appearance of a series of terraces


composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements to form characters for writing

bronze age

the period when the most advanced metalworking in the culture that used bronze

Tigris and Euphrates rivers

main rivers in Ancient Mesopotamia- modern day Iraq

Nile river

a major north-flowing river in North Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world

Indus river

river found in modern day Pakistan, origins of the Harrapan civilization

fertile crescent

an agricultural region extending from the Levant to Iraq


the sixth king of Babylon from 1792 BC-1750 BC

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