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Chapter 12

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Temperance movement
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Terms in this set (18)
She fought for better treatment of the mentally ill.

She reported to the Massachusetts legislature about conditions in asylums.

She toured other states to report on their treatment of the mentally ill.

Because of her lobbying and activism, she created the first generation of American mental asylums.
The American colonization society was founded in 1817 for purpose of transporting blacks back to Africa, most blacks had no wish to do so because they were partially Americanized and by this time almost all slaves were native born African-Americans. The area in Africa they were sent to became Liberia. The society signified the fact that there were people in full support of ending slavery and they were motivated to do so. This separation became a sectionalism separation between the south and north which resulted in war eventually.
The Liberty Party (1840) was a minor political party in the US. The party advocated for the abolitionist cause, and broke away from the American Anti-Slavery Society. The party advocated that the Cosntitution was an anti-slavery document. William Lloyd Garrison, the leader of the American Anti-Slavery Society, saw the Constitution as an evil pro-slavery document. The party trid to use electoral politics to further their cause. The party received little support.
The goals of the antebellum reform was peace, temperance "(which literally means moderation in the consumption of liquor) was transformed into a crusade to eliminate drinking entirely" (461), women's rights, and abolitionism.
amelioration of prison conditions (with prison's purpose reconceived as rehabilitation rather than punishment
- peace and temperance, purity by modest forms of drinking alcohol- this was transformed into a crusade of eliminating drinking entirely for women, abolitionism
- freedom of speech allowed for the abolitionist movement entirely because it granted the ability to spread the word of the movement
- racial equality was the key factor of this movement, equality through freeing black enslaved people
- it pushed these boundaries further than ever before because the movement demanded complete freedom
This movement copied early European efforts at utopianism. Utopianism was an attempt by cooperative communities to improve life in the face of increasing industrialism. Groups practiced social experiments that generally saw little success due to their radicalism. Utopianism included attempts at sexual equality, racial equality, and socialism. Two of these communities were Brook Farm and Oneida. Experimental Communities that started springing up in the 1820s.
This was the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious conditions and rights of women."
It was held in Seneca Falls, New York from July 19-20, 1848.
At the convention they passed the Declaration of Sentiments which called on men to not withhold a woman's rights, take her property, or refuse her right to vote.
It was scorned by the press and many religious leaders.
This was the turning point which launched a movement to change women's role in American life. The focus turned to suffrage.
Abolition was the movement to end slavery. It was one of the first targets of reform. Slavery was spreading in the South to support the ever growing cotton growing industry. Many slaves endured backbreaking work on plantations. They were divided into gangs and assigned tasks like plowing and harvesting.
Living conditions were primitive and they lived in one-room cabins with their families without sanitary facilities or running water. Slaves ate unbalanced meals of cornmeal, pork, and molasses. Slaves were denied basic human rights: they could be beaten or be sold apart from their families at the whim of their owners.