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35 terms

Chapter 7.4 Skeletal System Vocabulary

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appendicular skeleton
the bones that form the limbs or extremities of the body
axial skeleton
the bones of the skull, rib cage, and spinal column; the bones that form the trunk of the body
carpals
bone of the wrist
clavicles
collarbone
cranium
part of the skull; the eight bones of the head that enclose the brain
diaphysis
profuse or excessive perspiration, or sweating
endosteum
membrane lining the medullary canal of a bone
epiphysisthe
end or head at the extremity of a long bone
femur
thigh bone of the leg; the longest and strongest bone in the body
fibula
outer and smaller bone of the lower leg
fontanels
area between the cranial bones where the bones have not fused together; "soft spots" in the skull of an infant
foramina
a passage or opening; a hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass
humerus
long bone of the upper arm
joints
an articulation, or area where two bones meet or join
ligaments
fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
medullary canal
inner, or central, poertiono of a long bone
metacarpals
bone of the hand between the wrist and each finger
metatarsals
bone of the foot between the instep and each toe
os coxae
the hipbone; formed by the union of the ilium, ischium, and pubis
patella
the kneecap
periosteum
fibrous membrane that covers the bones except at joint areas
phalanges
bones of the fingers and toes
radius
long bone of the forearm, between the wrist and elbow
red marrow
soft tissue in the epiphyses of long bones
ribs
also called costae; 12 pairs of narrow, curved bones that surround the thoracic cavity
scalpula
shoulder blade or bone
sinuses
cavity or air space in a bone
skeletal system
made of organs called bones
sternum
breastbone
sutures
surgical stitch used to join the diges of an incision or wound; also, an area where bones join or fuse together
tarsals
oneof seven bones that forms the instep of the foot
tibia
inner and larger bone of the lower leg, between the knee and ankle
ulna
long bone in the forearm, between the wrist and elbow
vertebrae
bones of the spinal column
yellow marrow
soft tissue in the diaphyses of long bones