MULTICULTURAL. The ESL teacher understands factors that affect ESL students learning (age, developmental characteristics, academic strengths and needs, preferred learning styles, personality, sociocultural factors, home environment, attitude, exceptionalities), and implements strategies for creating effective multicultural and multilingual learning environment. Knows factors that contribute to cultural bias (stereotyping, prejudice, ethnocentrism). Demonstrates sensitivity to students diverse cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds and shows respect for language differences. Creates student awareness of and respect for linguistic and cultural diversity. Students speak using one or two words or short phrases. Lessons expand receptive vocabulary. Activities are designed to activate students to produce vocabulary which they already understand. Students can: listen, point, select, move, mime, act, match, circle, draw, choose, group, gesture, label, list, and categorize. Students engage in conversation and produce connected narrative. Lessons continue to expand receptive vocabulary. Activities are designed to develop higher levels of language use in content areas. Reading and writing activities are incorporated into lessons. Orally fluent, but below grade level in reading. 12,000 words in receptive vocabulary. Students can: analyze, evaluate, create, defend, support, describe, complete, justify, and debate.