14 terms

Period 4: Vocab Quiz #2

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gentry
Class of powerful, wealthy, landowners who enjoyed a high social status in the colonies and in Europe; usually hereditary
Triangular Trade
a pattern of trade that connected Europe, Africa, and the American continents; typically, manufactured goods from Europe were sent to Africa, where they were exchanged for slaves, who were sent to the Americas, where they were exchanged for raw materials (like sugar, cotton) that were then sent to Europe.
mestizo
a person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry -- a new racial concept that developed in Latin America following the intermixing that occurred between European colonists and the native American population.
mulatto
a person of mixed African and European ancestry -- a new racial concept that developed in Latin America following the intermixing that occurred between European colonists and the native American population.
indentured servant
immigrants who received passage to America in exchange for a fixed term of labor. (Worked to pay off their passage to the New World)
encomienda
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
hacienda
a large Spanish-owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch
Thirty Years War
(1618-48) A series of European wars that were partially a Catholic-Protestant religious conflict. It was primarily a batlte between France and their rivals the Hapsburg's, rulers of the Holy Roman Empire.
devshirme
'Selection' in Turkish. The system by which boys from Christian communities were taken by the Ottoman state to serve as Janissaries.
Janissary
A member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman Empire.
creole
person in Spain's colonies in the Americas who was an American-born descendant of Spanish settlers -- a new racial concept that developed in Latin America following the intermixing that occurred between European colonists and the native American population.
divine right
The idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God; used in Europe to justify political authority
Manchu
Northeast Asian peoples who defeated the Ming Dynasty and founded the Qing Dynasty in 1644, which was the last of China's imperial dynasties.
chattal slavery
is an enslaved person who is owned for ever and whose children and children's children are automatically enslaved. Is important because that was used all over in the colony as slaves.