The period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into modern periods of European history
Developed many talents and interests in art, literature, politics, and social graces.
Married to the ruler of Mantua and defied the typical woman's role by exercising her political power after her husband was captured.
Known for his paintings and sculptures that used a realistic style for the human body such as his statue of David and fresco on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance. He filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter, best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).
Florentine sculptor famous for his lifelike sculptures such as David. He was the first to do a free standing lifelike statue since ancient times.
Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens and many pieces of the Madonna and Child.
First great woman artist of Renaissance. Was court painter to K. Philip II of Spain.
Greek and Roman Classics
Reason Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance as a result of ancient influence of literature, art, and thinking.
Reason was the birthplace of the Renaissance due to wealth that supported the arts and exchange of ideas through trading ports.
Considered the father of Humanism; love poems (sonnets) about Laura expressed human feelings.
Wrote the "Decameron" which used humor to express the human condition during the plague.
Wrote "The Prince" which described most people as selfish and corrupt. Served as a guide of how leaders ruled a country. "End justifies the means" was the theme.