The American Revolution
Terms in this set (31)
The French and Indian War
A war with the French and Indians versus the British and other Indian tribes over the Ohio River Valley.
Fees for the support of government required to be paid by people and businesses.
To cancel an act or law
A refusal to buy or use goods and services.
A group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
(1764) British deeply in debt partly due to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
(1765) law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Britain's law-making assembly
Passed by Parliament in 1767, placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Led to outrage and tons of people boycotted British goods.
Sons of Liberty
A group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution.
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans
(1773) Law passed by Parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party
(1773) protest in which colonists dressed as Indians dumped British tea into Boston Harbor
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Britain and to promote independence
A patriot who helped warn colonists about British movements
Second Continental Congress
(1775) They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Army authorized by the Continental Congress, 1775-84, to fight the British; commanded by General George Washington.
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
British soldiers who fought against the colonists in the American Revolution; so called because of their bright red uniforms.
Declaration of Independence
1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
3rd President of the United States, chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence
A human right based on nature or God
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
Battles of Saratoga
a series of conflicts between British soldiers and the Continental Army in 1777 that proved to be a turning point in the Revolutionary War
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
The site of the Continental Army's camp during the winter of 1777-1778. Poorly housed, dressed, and fed, many died from cold and starvation.
A privately owned warship commissioned to prey on the commercial shipping or warships of an enemy nation.
Treaty of Paris
(1783) peace agreement that officially ended the revolutionary war and established Britian's formal recognition of the US.
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