McDougal Littell Earth Science Ch 13 Surface Water
Terms in this set (32)
water collecting on the ground or in a stream, river, water, lake, wetland, or ocean
a river and all of its tributaries
a stream or river with flows into a main river
watershed (drainage system)
the area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off it goes into the same place
a ridge of land between two drainage basins
the rate of change of position
stream or river's steepness
the amount, or volume, of water that passes a certain point in a given amount of time
a stream or river path through which water flows
stream erosion and deposition
transporting of materials by stream
deep oval or circular basins cut into a stream or river bed
the eroded rock and soil materials that are transported downstream by a river
a state in which rock materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking
sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension
a fan-shaped deposit that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water
a sloping triangular deposit of sediment located where a mountain stream meets new land
the state in which mineral matter dissolved from bedrock is carried in a river
v-shaped valley formed by heavy rain that loosens the soil along a hill slope
a stream running through a steep mountain
broad, looping bends in a river
a curved body of water formed when deposits separate a meander from its river
Thick deposits build up alongside the stream banks and form elevated ridges.
Lengthening and branching of a stream
A sudden flood, usually caused by an intense, heavy rainfall.
When a river overflows its banks
The part of the valley floor that floodwater may cover.
The level of the largest body of water that a river or stream flows into
Measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry.
A measure that describes the maximum size of particles a stream can carry.
The process by which materials are deposited.
The land drained by a river system, which is there river and its tributaries
Two rivers separated by a divide, and through headward erosion, one of the rivers wears through the divide and captures the headwaters of the other river.
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