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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
10th Grade World History Unit 3B
Terms in this set (60)
A monk who invented lower case letters
Alfred the Great
King of Wessex who expelled the Vikings, paved the way to unite England, Large amounts of educational progression
Established empire close to size of Roman Empire, Briefly unifying Europe in early middle ages
Charles Martel AKA Charles the Hammer
King of the Franks who drove the Muslims from Spain out of the majority of Europe
Clovis' wife who urged him to convert to Christianity
The Franks first Christian king who spread Christianity throughout the Frankish kingdom
Closest blood relative to Edward the confessor but was young , and not yet strong or powerful
Edward the Confessor
(1042-1066) Saxon king of England who was culturally more norman than his predecessors
Eric the Red
Norwegian adventurer who founded a colony on Greenland
The third candidate for Edward the Confessor's throne; Viking; lost against Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Stamford Bridge
Brother in law of Edward the confessor one of two men promised the throne by Edward the confessor
First European to discover North America
Louis the Pious
Charlemagne's only surviving son
Pepin the Short
Father of Charlemagne and the son of Charles Martel
Rollo the Viking
A tyrant viking who was granted Normandy in return for peace
An Irish monk who preached the Gospel to the Franks
King of Northumbria, who was the son of Athelfrith, and nephew of Edwin. He spread Christianity throughout Europe and converted a large majority of vikings to Christianity. He also established the monastery at Lindisfarne
Wrote Ecclesiastical History of the English People which is where a large part of our knowledge from this time period comes from
William the Conqueror
Duke of Normandy who invaded England in 1066 and claimed the English crown
Anglo Saxon Chronicle
Book in old english during reign of alfred the great
Battle of Hastings
(1066 CE) The Norman invasion of England; this was the largest battle.
Battle of Tours
The battle won by Charles Martel that drove the Spanish Muslims out of Europe
Period of intellectual, cultural, and economic revival occurring in the late eighth and ninth centuries, with the peak of the activities occurring during the reigns of both Charlemagne and Louis the Pious.
A complex set of ideals that demanded a knight to fight bravely in defense of three masters (earthly feudal lord, heavenly lord, and chosen lady)
Being cast out or leaving the Church
A political and social (not economic) system practiced in times of anarchy for safety and survival (king, clergy and feudal lords, knights, and peasants)
The piece of land granted from a feudal lord
Western Roman Empire (modern day France)
Harrying of the North
Holy Roman Emperor
Title given to a person who had charge of not only the empire, but also the church (ex: Charlemagne)
Mounted horsemen who pledged to defend their lord's lands in exchange for fiefs (served beneath the vassals)
A monastery founded by king Oswald, and Saint Aidan that promoted and spread Christianity throughout Western Europe
The system where lords, clergy, knights, and peasants would live on a manor and make what was needed on the manor grounds to be self-sufficient
A religious clergy member dedicates their life to God, and lives at a monastery, praying, teaching, and copying the Bible
The right of inheritance belongs exclusively to the eldest son
Germanic tribe originated from Scandinavia and invaded the England region
Peasants (not slaves ) who could not lawfully leave the place where they were born
A blending of beliefs and practices from different religions/cultures into one faith
A traveling poet and musician of the Middle Ages who often times write about love or epics
A low-ranking noble/ a knight under the authority of a feudal lord
A group of elders which helped advice and council the King of England
Changes and Continuities in England after 1066
Feudalism became more implemented; closer ties to France and Rome, and less to Scandanavia
Conversion of the Franks
Chief Clovis was in a battle against another tribe, prayed to Jesus and promised him he the won the battle he would get baptized, they won which eventually converted the Franks to Christianity
Cultural Changes in western Europe after the fall of Rome
Political instability and the assimilation of Vikings throughout Europe; the d
Decline of trade led to ?
Bartering and the manorial system
Evolution of Latin into what?
How does the feudal system work? What do people exchange?
It is a social and political system lower classes provide work/resources for protection/land/power depending on class
How was early medieval society in western Europe politically organized?
Through the influence of the church
Monastery - what did they provide and what function did they serve in medieval society?
A viable education system religious life order in association with church
Roots of medieval culture in western Europe
Christianity and Anglo-saxon traditions
The new society that slowly emerged in western Europe during the early Middle Ages had its roots in what?
Three main social classes of the feudal system
Viking raids, where they started, what were they like, why they ended
Started from water source very violent ended taking people as slaves
What filled the void left by the collapsed Roman government in western Europe?
What made Viking ships so effective in quick raids?
Flat at bottom of boat, allows easy access to town next shallow water
Why did Normans build castles?
Why was Charles Martel's victory at the Battle of Tours a turning point in history?
It caused Christianity to spread throughout Europe without the influence of Muslim invaders
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