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On test: definitions & quotes from poems for examples (simile, metaphors, etc)
Terms in this set (96)
patterned form of verbal and written expression of ideas in concentrated, rhythmical, and imaginative terms.
the contrast to poetry is
the way we speak; language found in newspapers, magazines, etc
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
unstressed and stressed order for
as fair art thou, my bonnie lass
a poetic line consisting of 5 verse feet, with each foot an iamb (that is, an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed symbol)
the most common verse line in english poetry
unrhymed iambic pentameter
a long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero and reflecting the values of the society from which it originated
an epic is drawn from
oral tradition (by song and reiteration) before they were written down
homers illiad and the odyssey
middle age epic
divine comedy by dante
older english epics
miltons paradise lost
epics or legends usually revolve around
someone who may have existed
in epics or legends, the main character usually has
why does the main character usually have superhuman ability in epics or legends?
as the story is passed down, exaggerations may occur ---> become our superhero
if music is the food of love, play on
unit of measure
how many types of metrical feet are there
types of metrical feet
unstressed stressed syllable (U/); 2-3 syllables per
stressed unstressed (/U)
stressed unstressed unstressed (/UU)
unstressed unstressed stressed (UU/)
2 stresses (//)
kinds of metrical feet
most important ?
analyze metrical foot of a poem;
tip: 1st count the number of syllables (only 2 of the types go into 10 [trochaic or iambic])
poetry with regular metrical pattern and end rhyme
poetry that has lines of iambic pentameter and no end rhyme
poetry that has no regular metrical pattern and no end rhyme
focuses on thoughts and feelings of a poet (ex: love poetry)
tells a story
poetry in which one or more characters speak; also tells a story but with dialogue
A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
14 line lyric poem; usually in iambic pentameter; several rhyming schemes
2 most common types of sonnets are
-petrarchen or Italian sonnets
-shakespearean or English sonnets
a less common type of sonnet is the
lighthearted, humorous poem; rhyming scheme always AABBA; 5 lines
limerick rhyming scheme
Japanese verse form; 3 unrhymed lines; 575 syllables
mournful or melancholy poem to honor someone who is dead
a speech honoring the dead (usually at funerals)
narrative poem usually meant to be sung and often contains a refrain
Beowulf is written in
____ with ____ usually
______ and ____
____ very important
alliterative; strong beats
2 most important types of anglo-saxon poetry
includes all poems that mourn the passing of earlier, better times; most well known is "The Seafarer".
includes all poems that focus on the bravery of a central hero; "Beowulf"
reference to a person, place, event, literary work the writer expects the reader to recognize and respond to
If he's not careful, his love life could end up like Romeo and Juliet's.
history, geography, literature, religion
a break of pause in a line of poetry indicated by double lines in "Beowulf" (//)
in Old English poetry, it is an elaborate phrase that describes persons, things, or events in a metaphorical and indirect way; a noun describing a noun
we swam in the whales home
(meaning they swam in the ocean)
adjectives that point out special traits of people or things; adjective that describes a noun
stock epiphet examples
kenning and stock epiphets are often
rhymed verse example
"Roses are red, violets are blue, / Sugar is sweet, and so are you."
blank verse example
"When honour's at the stake. How stand I then,/
That have a father kill'd, a mother stain'd..."
free verse example
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
internal rhyme example
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary
external rhyme example
Up in the sky,
I saw a fly
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
I rose and told him of my woe
Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow.
IN MY SLEEP, I dream; IN MY SLEEP, I believe; IN MY SLEEP, I mourn
Bang! The plate crashed to the floor
"He is as hungry as a horse"
Our lives are grapes, bitter and sweet.
Lightning danced across the sky.
I've told you a million times.
The ice cream was not too bad.
"The White House declared" rather than "The President declared"
all hands on deck
A division of a poem consisting of a series of lines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme
comparing two unlike things using words such as "like" or "as"
Comparing two things without using like or as
Attributing human characteristics to something nonhuman, of an abstract quality in human form
An exaggeration or language that describes something as better or worse than it really is
Ironic understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of the contrary
The use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated.
Substitution of a word for another closely related to it.
A part is put for the whole, the whole for the part, the species for the genus, the genus for the species, or the name of the material for the thing made. To simplify, it is a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa
A combination of contradictory or incongruous words
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