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PHC6110 Week 13: NGOs + Global Challenges

Terms in this set (12)

(1) Mobilization of global solidarity — Ex. development financing; technical cooperation, including capacity strengthening; humanitarian assistance to provide relief during natural or manmade disasters; and agency for the dispossessed, in which the global community takes responsibility for protecting the rights of specific groups (e.g., displaced populations or minorities) when their own governments are not willing or able to do so; (2) Production of global public goods — Ex. the creation of tools for international standardization (e.g., the International Classification of Diseases), guidelines regarding best practice (e.g., the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines), research and development of new technologies, and comparative analyses and evaluation of policies and programs with respect to design and implementation; (3) Management of externalities across countries — Ex. the deployment of instruments (e.g., surveillance systems, coordination mechanisms, and information-sharing channels) that are essential for controlling the international transfer of risks and ensuring a timely response to threats that spread across borders (e.g., drug resistance, pandemics, environmental pollutants, and marketing of unhealthful products such as tobacco); (4) Stewardship — Ex. The provision of overall strategic direction to the global health system so that all other functions can be performed adequately—convening for negotiation and consensus building (e.g., regarding policy frameworks such as Health for All through primary health care), setting priorities (e.g., among disease categories or intervention strategies), setting rules to manage the many dimensions of health interdependence (e.g., through the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control), evaluating actors and actions to ensure mutual accountability, and advocating for health across sectors