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Cultural Geography Chapter Test 1 Study Guide

Mrs.marks
STUDY
PLAY
Geography
is the study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the Earth
Absolute location
finding the exact location of a place on the latitude and longitude of the location
Relative location
describe a location in relation to another location
Hemisphere
half of the globe
Equator
0° latitude; separates Northern & Southern hemispheres into 2 equal parts
Prime Meridian
0° longitude; separates the Eastern and Western Hemisphere; runs through the Greenwich ,England
International Date Line
180° longitude East to West is adding 24 hours and West to East is losing 24 hours
Latitude
run from east to west and are measured. Latitude lines are also called parallels.
Longitude
run from north to south
Linear Distance
how far away one place is from another ex. 1.5m
Time Distance
how long is takes to get from due place to another ex. 6 min
Psychological Distance
how far it seems to travel from one place to another
Physical features of place environment
animals/wildlife/climate, terrain, bodies of water mountains/ landforms, plants, bacteria, natural hazard/ vegetation
Cultural features of place
architecture, technology, economy, transpiration, food, war, ethnicities, race, music, entertainment, borders, art, language, religion, government, sports,
Political Region
a region with its own government and body of laws
Location Region
a region where the people who live there have a similar location
Cultural Region
where people share cultural features(Bible belt, Omish Pennsylvania)
Push Factors
crime, natural disasters, extreme heat, corrupt government , bad environment, economy/ no jobs, bad schools
Pull Factors
family good food? good climate, job opportunities, cultural experiences, cheaper cost of living, college
International Migration
when a person moves from one country to another country.
Domestic Migration
when a person moves from one place to another in the same country (Louisiana to Mississippi)
Rural-Urban Migration
person moves from a rural area to a city: mostly from a farm to a city
Urban-Urban Migration
when a person moves from one city to another city
Cyclical Migration
when a person moves based on the seasons
Chain Migration
when an immigrant leaves their homeland and settles in a new place where people of their nationality already live
Forced Migration
when a place leaves their place of origin against their will
Return Migration
when a person leaves their place of origin but eventually returns
Remigration/ Double Migration
when a person moves to a new place then to another place
U-Turn Migration
when a immigrant leaves their descendants move back.
Cartographer/ Mapmaker
reduces some types of distortion by using different types of map projections
Map Projection
a way of drawing the earth's surface that reduces distortion caused by presenting a round earth on flat paper
Globe
(not a projection ) is a 3D representation of the Earth
Mercator Map
Adv: accurate around the(equator) equatorial region
Disadv: the farther away from the equator the regions are distorted/ messed up it gets.
Robinson Map
adv. the shapes and the sizes are more accurate than the Mercator
Disadv. wear the polar regions are the sizes and shapes are still distorted/ messed up
Peters Projection
Adv: all of the sizes are accurate; this map is known to be the most fair in size and positioning
Disadv: the shapes are distorted/ messed up
Lines of Longitude
imaginary lines that go from the north pole to the south pole.
Also called meridians.
Lines of Latitude
imaginary lines that are parallel to the equator . Also called parallels.
Compass Rose
Scale
Describes distances on a map
Labels
describes distances on a map
Physical Map
shows landforms and bodies of water in a specific area. Physical maps are used to figure out how geography affects humans.
Political Map
shows boundaries created by humans
Thematic Map
a specific type of information( weather, population etc.)

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