a down or city or village that surrounds a country side. where they practiced political social and religious activities.
heavily armed infantry men who wore bronze or leather helmets, breastplates and wore shin guards. carried around a 9 ft long spear.
free inhabitants not critizens who were required to pay taxes and perform military serice for Sparta.
two kings who ruled. maily responcible for military affairs and served as leaders of Sparta.
philosophers who though that it was foolish that the universe was beyond the reach of the human mind.
employs a question-and-answer technique to lead pupils to see things for themselves using their own reason.
religion that had initiation into secret rites that promised a more emotional involvement with spiritual forces and a great hope of immortality (live forever)
how did the geography of Greece affect Greek history?
Greece was in a small area, surrounded by mountains and the ocean. the terrain was was mountainous so the city-states were cut off from one another. They each had their own separate ways of life. they never talked to their neighbors.
Why was homers work used as the basis for Greek education?
Homers writings consisted of hero's. everybody wanted to be like them, so they looked up to these books.this books tough courage. describe the dark ages in his books.
what were the chief features a polis (city-state)?
town, city or village and its surrounding countryside. the main part in the middle is where they practiced political, social and religious activities.
How did the major city-states(polis) of Athens and Sparta differ?
Spartans were mostly for the gov't. Their military was very strong. Athens was more democracy and its city-states had more power to the people.
what ways was the Athenian political system a democracy?
they were separated from all the other city-states and had their own independence, so they made up their own laws.
What effect did the Persian War have on Greek civilization?
it made everyone afraid the Spartans. they were stronger and had very good military tactics. caused great destruction to the Greek civilizations.
what effect did the Peloponnesian War have on Greek civilization?
lots of people died. from the plague it wiped out 1/3rd of the population after math cost a lot.
What ideals was classical Greek art based?
mostly based on people, they carved statues. also and plays became very big.
What questions did the Greek philosophers pose, and what were their answers?
Greek philosophers said to question society and the world around them. they studied human behavior.
member of the family. wanted hi to overthrow the oligarchy and assume sole control of Corinth.
cancled all current land debts, outlawed new loans, freed people who had fallen into salvery for debt.
religions that were different from the others. people would gather together in secret and pray. they believed in eternal life and believed in one god or goddess.
how was alexander able to gather together his empire?
his men were more skilled, and his men moved quickly. and was an outstanding mulitary leader and had superb tactical skills.
what might alexanders rule have been like if he had lived longer?
he would of had a lot more land. and his empire would of been even more powerful
What were the main features of the politcal of the Hellenistic kingdoms?
was a monarchy, relied on greeks and masidonians to form the rulling class.
what were the main social developments in the hellenistic world?
women were more excepted, slavery increased, education changed,
What achievements in literature, art, science, medicine, and philosophy occurred during the Hellenistic period?
it was a period of cultural accomplishments. became more advanged, people changed the style of art, science they got more experienced and medicine became important for everday people.
What does the religions popularity suggest about hellenistic society?
form many people, the search for personal meaning remined unfufilled.
they were smart, had plumming great builders, they started construction of knossus. their art is very important, peaceful people, had no weapons. great traiders, (located between greece and egypt.)
Geography had a huge role in socitety during greek times?
their were mountains, valleys, banks, harbors, bc of mountains and valleys broken down into city-states.
Dark age of Greace
-decline of culture
-writing went away
-shortage of food/ less trade
characters are in universal times.
people relate to it
believes there are ethical values people should live by.