22 terms


Anything with the potential to cause a stress reaction.
Stress that results in positive consequences
Stress that results in negative consequences
Walter Cannon
Twentieth Century Physiologist who first identified the "Fight or Flight" response
Hans Selye
Discovered that regardless of the source of the stress, the body reacts in the same manner... GAS
General Adaptation Syndrome
The body's total effort to cope with stress and adapt to it.
3 phases of stress reactivity
Alarm reaction, Resistance, Exhaustion
Alarm reaction
body shows changes characteristic of the first exposure to stress
stress products build up, but the body's physiology adapts by resisting the effects of the stress products. Signs of the alarm response disappear
after long-term exposure to stressors, the resistance energy is used up. Signs of the Alarm stage reappear (irreversible), and the individual dies
Theories explain stress causes
Life Events Theory, Hardiness Theory, Social Support Theory
Life events theory
situation requires more resources than are available
Hardiness theory
one's attitude toward the events determines stress
Social Support Theory
insufficient social support for responding to event
Types of stressors
biological, psychological, sociological, philosophical
Symbolic stressors
non-life threatening stressors for which the Flight or Fight response would be inappropriate
Potential for illness
duration**(more imp) and degree of one's physiological reaction to a stressor determines...
What is stress?
stressor + reactivity to that stressor
Pressue - Adaptability
= stress
stress should be used as a _________ for peak performance
limit __________ effects
developing the relaxation response
Goal for stress management?