Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
PSYC101 - Chapter 13
Terms in this set (82)
The field of psychology that focuses on the integration of science and theory to prevent and treat psychological disorders is ______ psychology.
The goal of psychotherapy is to use
1) nonmedical means to help individuals ignore and avoid their problems.
2) nonmedical means to help individuals recognize and alleviate their problems.
3) medical means to help individuals recognize and alleviate their problems.
4) medical means to help individuals ignore and avoid their problems.
nonmedical means to help individuals recognize and alleviate their problems.
Which of the following types of professionals cannot write prescriptions for drugs?
2) gestalt therapists
3) clinical psychologists
Jorge is a therapist who has a doctoral degree and specializes in career counseling for adults in mid-life transition by providing his clients with support and practical advice for their lives. Most likely he is a ______ psychologist.
The laws used to license practitioners of psychotherapy are at the _____ level.
Clinical psychology is the area of psychology that integrates science and theory to prevent and treat psychological disorders.
Biological therapies that reduce or eliminate the symptoms of psychological disorders by altering aspects of body functioning are also called _____ therapies.
______ is the use of nonmedical means to help individuals with psychological disorders recognize and alleviate their problems.
What type of psychological service provider has a medical degree, postgraduate training in diagnosing psychological disorders, and the ability to prescribe medication for those disorders?
1) social worker
2) clinical psychologist
4) counseling psychologist
If your doctor writes you a prescription for anti-anxiety medication, this doctor is most likely which of the following?
1) psychologist or other medical doctor
2) psychiatrist or other medical doctor
3) counselor or psychologist
4) psychiatrist or psychologist
psychiatrist or other medical doctor
Which of the following are reasons some believe psychologists should have the ability to write prescriptions for drug therapies?
1) There is decreased risk of overprescribing.
2) Psychologists have extensive training in medical school to prepare for treating disorders with medication.
3) It would make treatment for psychological disorders more efficient.
4) There is a possibility prescribed drug therapies may interact with other body systems.
There is decreased risk of overprescribing.
It would make treatment for psychological disorders more efficient.
A counseling psychologist is a _____.
1) psychologist who specializes in a treatment first developed by Freud
2) graduate of a school of social work with additional clinical training
3) psychologist with a PhD, PsyD, or EdD who does therapy and counseling
psychologist with a PhD, PsyD, or EdD who does therapy and counseling
The therapeutic approach that takes into account the client's relationships, roles, and cultural context is referred to as ______ therapy.
Licensing requirements for mental health professionals vary from state to state; however, every state emphasizes two types of requirements in the licensing process. These two requirements are which of the following?
1) ability to practice using a variety of therapeutic approaches
2) amount and type of training
3) freedom from a history of any psychological disorder
4) skill level, as assessed through formal examination
5) number of years of experience in the mental health field
amount and type of training
skill level, as assessed through formal examination
A person who does NOT have formal mental health training but has been trained by a professional to provide some mental health services is referred to as a
4) social worker.
The ______ approach to therapy involves treatments that address symptoms of psychological disorders by altering aspects of bodily functioning.
The psychodynamic approach and the humanistic approach are both examples of which more general term?
2) client-centered therapy
3) insight therapy
4) gestalt therapy
Psychiatrists are medical doctors.
The goal of behavior therapy is to _____.
1) reduce or eliminate maladaptive behavior
2) change patterns of thought that cause the distress
3) distinguish between the client's behavior and the client's worth as a human being
4) reduce inner conflicts established in childhood
reduce or eliminate maladaptive behavior
One argument in support of a psychologist having the ability to prescribe drugs is that
1) it is universally supported in the medical community.
2) psychologists have enough training to know everything about pharmaceuticals.
3) most pharmaceuticals are not so strong that they present a risk to the patient.
4) a psychologist's first impulse is to treat with psychotherapy, not medicine.
a psychologist's first impulse is to treat with psychotherapy, not medicine.
Dr. Addison is a behavior therapist. When she explains what she does, which of the following are included in the explanation? (Choose every correct answer.)
1) Operant conditioning techniques
2) Eliminating irrational beliefs
3) Classical conditioning techniques
4) Cognitive restructuring
Operant conditioning techniques
Classical conditioning techniques
The sociocultural approach to therapy involves acknowledging which of the following that characterize a person's life?
2) hormonal changes
4) cultural contexts
Leslie co-facilitates a therapy discussion group once per week at her local community center. While she has had some training, she does not have a graduate degree in counseling or clinical psychology. She would be referred to as which of the following?
_____ is a behavior therapy that treats anxiety by teaching the client to associate deep relaxation with increasingly intense anxiety-producing situations.
1) Systematic desensitization
2) Aversion therapy
3) Rational-emotive therapy
4) Dialectical behavior therapy
Ella's therapist has told her that he practices insight therapy in which an important therapeutic goal is gaining insight. Ella's therapist is most likely either _____ or _____.
The form of therapy that reduces the frequency of undesired behavior by pairing an unpleasant stimulus with the undesired behavior is which of the following?
1) cognitive restructuring
2) aversive conditioning
3) systematic desensitization
4) unconditional positive regard
Which of the following is a therapy that uses principles of learning to reduce or eliminate maladaptive behavior?
2) behavior therapy
3) humanistic therapy
4) cognitive therapy
Which of the following disorders might be successfully treated with aversion therapy?
1) Substance abuse disorder
2) Personality disorder
3) Mood disorder such as depression
4) Disorder such as schizophrenia
Substance abuse disorder
Which of the following types of therapy offers action-oriented strategies and uses principles of learning to help clients?
1) Behavioral therapy
2) Psychodynamic therapy
3) Psychoanalytic therapy
4) Humanistic therapy
A therapist who views a maladaptive behavior as a learned behavior that can be unlearned subscribes to the _____ approach.
1) cognitive therapy
3) operant conditioning
True or false: Cognitive treatment works to change behavior or feelings by changing thoughts.
What type of treatment for a fear of flying is this? The therapist asks the client to create a top-10 list of fears related to his fear of flying. The client begins with the lowest fear while looking at a picture of a plane. Next the therapist encourages him to relax as he looks at the picture. Then the client continues to work his way up the top-10 list while relaxing. Eventually, the client is able to fly on a plane.
1) Dialectical behavior therapy
2) Systematic desensitization
3) Rational-emotive therapy
4) Aversion therapy
_____ treatment approaches teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional thoughts about the world and themselves.
People are given a drug that causes vomiting and nausea whenever they drink alcohol. What is this an example of?
1) aversive conditioning
2) thought stopping
3) exposure treatments
4) systematic desensitization
______ therapies emphasize that thoughts are the main source of psychological problems.
Ray's therapist has suggested a procedure whereby each time Ray consumes an alcoholic drink, he also has to consume a mixture that induces nausea. What is Ray's therapist suggesting?
2) aversive conditioning
3) systematic desensitization
4) operant conditioning
Changing a pattern of thought that is presumed to be causing maladaptive behavior or emotion is called
1) behavior modification.
2) cognitive conditioning.
3) operant conditioning.
4) cognitive restructuring.
The philosophy of therapy that is based on operant conditioning is that maladaptive behaviors are
1) learned and can be unlearned.
2) intentional, so they can't be unlearned.
3) innate and biologically based.
4) learned, but so long ago that new learning will have no effect.
learned and can be unlearned.
Who identified the common logical errors in thinking as "perceiving the world as harmful while ignoring evidence to the contrary," "overgeneralizing on the basis of limited examples," "magnifying the importance of undesirable events," and "engaging in absolutist thinking"?
1) Albert Ellis
2) Albert Bandura
3) Aaron Beck
4) Dan McAdams
______ treatment approaches teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions about the world and about themselves.
Which two of the following are goals of the cognitive therapist?
1) Identifying and challenging thinking that is self-defeating
2) Emphasizing a person's self-healing capacities
3) Uncovering a person's unconscious thoughts
4) Changing patterns of thought presumed to cause maladaptive functioning
Identifying and challenging thinking that is self-defeating
Changing patterns of thought presumed to cause maladaptive functioning
Cognitive therapies involve the basic assumptions that human beings have control over their feelings and how individuals feel about something depends on how they ______ about it.
Which of the following statements describe how cognitive therapy works? (Select all that apply.)
1) It is relatively short-term compared to some therapies.
2) It focuses on overt symptoms, not covert ones.
3) The therapist is nondirective and does not lead the client to any particular revelation.
4) It emphasizes thought or cognition.
It is relatively short-term compared to some therapies.
It focuses on overt symptoms, not covert ones.
It emphasizes thought or cognition.
The cognitive-behavioral approach uses the dual strategies of
1) retribution and scaling.
2) uncovering unconscious desires and changing behavior.
3) reducing self-defeating thoughts and changing behavior.
4) dream analysis and free association.
reducing self-defeating thoughts and changing behavior.
Cognitive restructuring is designed to do which of the following?
1) change a pattern of thought that is causing a maladaptive behavior
2) change a pattern of thought that is causing a maladaptive emotion
3) teach adaptive behavior patterns through changes in the environment
4) develop awareness of one's inherent potential for growth
change a pattern of thought that is causing a maladaptive behavior
change a pattern of thought that is causing a maladaptive emotion
If a therapist has a client repeat reinforcing self-statements such as "I won't worry. Worry doesn't help anything," "I have a lot of different strategies I can call on," and "I can meet the challenge," then the therapist is using _____ therapy.
Which four of the following are erroneous ways of thinking associated with Beck's approach to cognitive therapy?
1) Engaging in useless praise of others in an attempt to be liked
2) Magnifying the importance of undesirable events
3) Perceiving the world as harmful while ignoring evidence to the contrary
4) Underestimating the importance of undesirable events
5) Engaging in absolutist thinking
6) Overgeneralizing on the basis of limited examples
Engaging in absolutist thinking
Perceiving the world as harmful while ignoring evidence to the contrary
Overgeneralizing on the basis of limited examples
Magnifying the importance of undesirable events
______-______ is the idea that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes.
Which of the following theorists coined the term self-efficacy and believed that it is the key to successful cognitive behavioral therapy?
Which of the following are assumptions of Beck's cognitive therapy?
1) Many people have three basic demands involving "musts" and "shoulds."
2) Psychological problems result when people think illogically.
3) The goal of therapy should be to help people recognize and change thinking that is self-defeating.
4) Automatic thoughts should be examined.
The goal of therapy should be to help people recognize and change thinking that is self-defeating.
Automatic thoughts should be examined.
Psychological problems result when people think illogically.
______-______ therapy combines reducing self-defeating thoughts and behavior change.
In ______ therapy, several unrelated people together meet with a therapist to discuss some aspect of their psychological functioning.
Self-instructional methods can be used in therapy by
1) providing instructions for videotaping a whole day's activities and reviewing them.
2) instructing the client on how to conduct systematic desensitization at home.
3) giving the client examples of constructive statements and asking them to repeat the statements.
4) providing an instruction book on operant conditioning.
giving the client examples of constructive statements and asking them to repeat the statements.
The fact that individuals receive information about their problems from other members, that individuals observe that others feel anguish and suffering as well, that members support one another, and the fact that corrective feedback from peers may correct flaws in the individual's interpersonal skills are all attractive features of which therapy approach?
_____ represents an ability to master a situation and produce positive outcomes.
Sasha, her three children, and her partner are all going to see a therapist. They will participate in ______ therapy.
The concept of self-efficacy can be useful in therapy when people need _____.
1) a way to decatastrophize
2) to stop overgeneralizing in response to infrequent events
3) to bolster their confidence
4) to put the importance of undesirable events in perspective
to bolster their confidence
Therapy conducted with two people who are having trouble with their relationship is called ______ therapy.
The ______-______ support group is conducted by a paraprofessional or a member of a common-interest group.
In group therapy, several unrelated people meet with a _____ to discuss some aspect of their psychological functioning.
One argument against group therapy is the possibility that _____ emotions will spread through the group.
Individuals develop the sense that other people suffer and feel anguish as they do in group therapy. This is the _____ feature of group therapy.
1) social skills
During what period did community psychology gain popularity?
______ therapists meet with all the members of this group so that they can speak freely and the therapist can see how they interact.
_____ mental health is based on the idea that individuals with disorders ought to remain within society and with their families while receiving treatment.
Sam and Tracy decide to see a therapist to improve their romantic relationship. This is typically referred to as ______ therapy.
The transfer of former mental patients out of institutions and into the community is called _____.
3) systematic desensitization
4) spontaneous remission
_____ groups are voluntary organizations of people who get together on a regular basis to discuss topics of common interest.
Cultures that place more importance on the group, known as _____ cultures, can reflect different mental health needs than Western cultures.
Critics of group therapy argue that some types of people will be left out and not receive the attention they need during group sessions. What type of person are these critics referring to?
1) Irresponsible individuals
2) Shy, withdrawn individuals
3) Extroverted, gregarious individuals
4) Conscientious individuals
Shy, withdrawn individuals
When a therapist is treating a client, ______ factors, such as socioeconomic status, ethnicity, country of origin, and religious traditions and beliefs, are also relevant.
Which is one of the factors that spurred the community mental health movement?
1) deplorable conditions inside some psychiatric facilities
2) a government decree that made mental health a priority
3) greater efforts by business leaders to assist the communities in which they operated
deplorable conditions inside some psychiatric facilities
A therapist's understanding that certain techniques, such as CBT, may clash with a client's cultural beliefs reflects ______-______ competence.
Marc is receiving outpatient treatment while living at home rather than receiving services at an inpatient hospital. This is reflective of the ______ ______ ______ movement.
When ethnic-specific services are provided, clients have better treatment outcomes. Which of the following are examples of ethnic-specific services?
1) a variety of food provided
2) bicultural/bilingual staff
3) flexible hours for treatment
4) culturally specific music playing
5) culturally appropriate greetings
flexible hours for treatment
culturally appropriate greetings
In the process of ______, large numbers of patients were moved from inpatient mental institutions to community-based facilities.
Some psychologists assert that psychotherapy with men may focus more on autonomy and self-determination, whereas psychotherapy with women should include ______ and ______ to others.
Which of the following are true of Western therapies as applied to other cultures?
1) Western cultures tend to be individualistic, centering on the individual, whereas other cultures may not have such an emphasis.
2) Many people in collectivist cultures rely more on discussing their problems with parents, friends, and relatives.
3) Many people in collectivist cultures are more interested in Western-style therapy, which places an emphasis on the individual person.
Western cultures tend to be individualistic, centering on the individual, whereas other cultures may not have such an emphasis.
Many people in collectivist cultures rely more on discussing their problems with parents, friends, and relatives.
Cultural issues in therapy include factors such as which of the following?
2) religious beliefs
3) socioeconomic status
6) political affiliation
A culturally competent therapist demonstrates respect for the client's cultural beliefs and practices while balancing therapeutic goals.
Studies have found that when there is a match between the therapist's and the client's ethnic background, which of the following may be observed?
1) The therapist will start to adopt the client's values.
2) The client is likely to stay in treatment longer.
3) Better treatment outcomes are likely.
The client is likely to stay in treatment longer.
Better treatment outcomes are likely.
The traditional goal for therapy, which has been recognized as often more central to men than women, has been
3) connection with others.
4) autonomy or self-determination.
autonomy or self-determination.
Other sets by this creator
PSYC101 - Chapter 14
PSYC101 - Chapter 12
PSYC101 - Chapter 11
PSYC101 - Chapter 10
Other Quizlet sets
Anatomy Learning Issues