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Cultural History Test2

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Uniformitarianism
are unwilling to recognize the existence of a powerful Creator, who made all things for a purpose, has at times interevened supernaturally in history, and will judge His creation at the end of time.
cataclysm
a violent upheaval or change in the earth's crust, especially a flood.
islands
landmasses surrounded by water.
continental islands
island formed when chunks of land are split off from larger continents or when a piece of land that once linked an island to the mainland is erodoed or covered by water
landform
every variation in the landscape.
Mountain Range
when many mountains appear together such as the Rocky Mountains.
Plain
are wide areas of level land.
alluvium
Rock and soil deposited by a river.
plateau
are wide areas of relatively flat land, like plains, but they rise abruptly above surrounding lands.
tributary
rivers that feed other rivers.
river system
the main river and all of its tributaries.
lake
bodies of water fully enclosed by land.
sea
are arms of the ocean partially enclosed by land.
harbor
a sheltered body of deep water next to the shore.
wetland
areas of stagnant water often referred to as bogs, swamps, moors, fens, muskegs, or marshes.
bog
are spongy areas that look dry but are covered with wet organic materials.
marsh
has visible standing water, and the main kinds of vegetation growing there are grasses and small water plants that survive with their roots submerged.
plate tectonics theory
the plates crash into and pull apart from one another, releasing energy from the earths interior and causing earthquakes and volcanoes.
fault
are deep cracks in the earth's surface where two pieces of land have moved in diffrent directions.
weathering
the breakdown of rocks by water, plant roots, temperature changes, and the formation of ice and mineral crystals.
erosion
after weathering breaks down rock into small pieces, those materials are removed by the following forms of erosion.
atmosphere
the covering of air that surrounds our planet.
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth.
hydrosphere
the water on the earth's surface.
crust
the thin outer skin.
mantle
a layer of hot, plastic material.
core
a liquid outer core and a solid inner core.
hydrologic cycle
the process of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.
climate
the typical weather in a region over a long period of time.
weather
is the atmospheric conditions of a location at a specific moment in time.
conifers
are trees that produce their seeds in a cone. grow in cold, harsh subpolar climates where most other trees cannont survive.
deciduous
lose their leaves during a particular season of the year. have flat, broad leaves and require much water and a growing season of atleast four months.
steppe
temperate grasslands.
tundra
the cold regions near the poles. support only limited vegetation.
permafrost
remains frozen year-round.(the soil)