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Politics of the United States
Gov Exam Study pt. 1
Terms in this set (34)
The map shows the outline of a congressional district. Which of the following statements best explains the motivation behind the way in which it is drawn?
D. It has likely been drawn to pack together voters who are registered with the same party
Which of the following is a consequence of the way the district is drawn on the map?
A. It will likely lead to a less competitive general election, which could lead to
How many members are in the House of Representatives?
How many members are in the Senate?
Members of the United States House of Representatives Committee on Veterans Affairs are concerned about the quality of services at hospitals run by the Department of Veterans Affairs. Which of the following is an action the committee can take to address the problem?
A. Holding a hearing and subpoenaing high-level officials in the Department of Veterans Affairs to testify
Which of the following is generally true of the gerrymandering of congressional districts?
D. It creates district to favor one political party over another
An example of casework by a member of Congress is
C. helping a constituent gain citizenship.
A pocket veto is a technique that allows the president to
A. Kill legislation presented to him within 10 days (excluding Sundays) of the adjournment of Congress
Which congressional committee would a proposal to reform the national income-tax system initially be sent?
B. House Ways and Means Committee
Which of the following is true according to the diagram?
D. Both chambers make use of a system of majority and minority whips.
Based on your knowledge and the diagram, which of the following is true regarding the leadership structure of Congress?
A. The role of the minority leader in both the House of Representatives and the Senate is to coordinate a strategy for the minority party.
All of the following are characteristics of members of Congress EXCEPT:
C. Representatives usually don't get re-elected to multiple terms
The majority party in the Senate is concerned that the Supreme Court has made a number of ideologically dangerous and controversial rulings. Which of the following actions would the Senate take in their attempt to limit the Supreme Court's power?
B. Pass legislation that would limit the impact of the Supreme Court's recent rulings
Which of the following is an example of congressional oversight?
A. Holding hearings for review of an executive agency's activities
Which of the following scenarios is an example of the trustee model of representation?
C. A member of Congress votes to close a popular tax loophole based on the belief that the money would be better spent paying down the national debt.
A member of the House of Representatives has introduced a bill to raise the minimum wage, but it has been in committee for 36 days and is unlikely to make it to the floor. Which of the following is the best course of action for the representative to take to get a vote on the bill?
D. Filing for a discharge petition.
Senator smith votes her conscience on bills that her constituents care little about, but she votes according to the wishes of the majority of constituents on other bills. which model of representation do her actions embody?
A. politico model
Every ten years congressional redistricting occurs for which of the following reasons?
D. To divide a state into new political districts after changes in population
Which of the following statements best explains how rule differences in the House of Representatives and the Senate can affect the policymaking process?
C. Even though the House may pass a bill, the Senate can kill the bill with a filibuster
"Size explains much about why the two chambers differ. Because it is larger, the 435-member House . . . is a more structured body than the 100-member Senate. Indeed, the restraints imposed on representatives by rules and precedents are more severe than those affecting senators . . . The Senate is more involved than the House in cultivating national constituencies, forming questions for national debate, and gaining general public support for policy proposals."
-Walter J. Oleszek, Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process
Which of the following statements is most consistent with the author's argument in the passage?
D. Different chamber sizes and constituencies influence the formality of debate in each chamber
Which of the following statements best explains the impact the necessary and proper clause has had on congressional power?
D. It has broadened the power of Congress to enact legislation addressing a wide range of economic, environmental, and social issues
Which of the following describes the role of the House Rules Committee?
C. Schedules and manages the flow of legislation on the floor
Which of the following statements explains how the structural differences between the House and Senate affect the policymaking process?
C. Because members of the House have shorter term lengths, they are more likely to be influenced by demands from their constituents
Senator Jon Snow has proposed a bill to increase funds to the military to fight the White Walkers threatening to invade the North. He hasn't received enough support to get the bill to pass, so he reaches out to Senator Daenerys Targaryen for her support. She agrees to support his bill as long as Senator Snow supports her legislation that allows public schools to teach High Valyrian as an elective language.
This is an example of which of the following?
Ohio has 16 representatives in the House of Representatives, but only two representatives in the Senate.
Which of the following statements best explains the reason for this difference in representation?
D. The House represents states according to the size of their population, while the Senate represents the states equally
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the two court cases?
Baker v. Carr (1961) Shaw v. Reno (1993)
B. Led to the "one-person, one-vote" judicial doctrine Prohibited oddly-shaped majority-minority districts
Representative Siddiqui introduces a bill that would reform campaign finance in the House of Representatives.
After the bill is assigned a number, which of the following describes the next step of the lawmaking process?
A. The Speaker of the House assigns the bill to a relevant committee
Which of the following statements describes a difficulty the federal government faces in policymaking when there is a divided government?
D. Divided government may result in the delay or death of major policy because of ideological clashes between parties
"And the closer the 2006 midterm elections got, the more nervous congressional Republicans could be expected to get. Republican leaders in the House of Representatives sought to have the Senate move first, not wanting to have their members go out on a limb with a series of potentially costly party-line roll call votes that would have no policy payoff if Republicans in the Senate decided not to move a bill because they did not have the votes needed to pass it."
Martin A. Levin, et. al, Building Coalitions, Making Policy: The Politics of the Clinton, Bush & Obama Presidencies, 2012
A. Because members of the House have two-year terms, they are unlikely to support a piece of legislation that may upset their constituents
In 1972, Congress passed the Clean Water Act, which regulates the amount of pollutants there can be in waters of the United States and the quality standards for surface waters.
Which of the following constitutional provisions granted Congress the power to pass environmental protection laws like the Clean Water Act?
D. Necessary and proper clause in Article I
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