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28 terms

Chapter 2 - Ancient Greece- short answer

STUDY
PLAY
Materials that the statue of Athena was made out of
ivory and gold
Name Homer's two epics
Iliad and Odyssey
3 things that Aristotle studied and wrote about
politics, philosophy, poetry
2 reasons why Alexander planted colonies
spread Greek culture and control the empire
Where the modern Olympics have never been held
Olympia
What means "cruel and unjust government"
despotism
3 events featured in the Ancient Olympics
track and field, wrestling, chariot and horse races
Where did all the men, women and children of Athens escape to when the Persians burned their city?
Island of Salamis
3 styles of Greek columns
Doric, ionic, Corinthian
1 type of government- monarchy
government by one ruler
type of gov- oligarchy
government by a few
type of gov- democracy
government by the people
Who ruled Egypt for more than 300 years
Ptolem's family
Who was the last member of the family to rule Egypt?
Cleopatra
Why did the Trojan war begin
Quarrel over Helen the wife of the Greek king of Sparta because Paris kidnapped her
What did Socrates decide the oracle meant?
The truly wise realize how little they know
Who taught Alexander
Aristotle
What did Alexander's teacher teach him the importance of?
observation
How did Alexander prove he was fit to be king?
He burned the city of Thebes except Pindars house
Name the 3 areas that Alexander conquered
Greece, Persia, the land east of the Indus River
Who was a student of Socrates and started a school in Athens?
Plato
Name the school that Plato started
Academy
Who was the Persian emperor?
Xerxes
Name Alexander's horse
Bucephalus
The ___ stands on top of the rocky hill called the ___, which was the temple of _____, goddess of the city
Parthenon, Acropolis, Athena
3 activities that took place in the gymnasium
reading, athletic training and discussions
Where did Alexander plan to rule from?
Babylon
Why did the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta feared Athens control of the Delian league