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Arts and Humanities
Romans Test 2- 3:21- 4:12
Terms in this set (43)
1. what is the "righteousness of God?"
Right standing given to a person by God, righteousness coming from God, God's dealing with human sin in Jesus Christ
2. What does it mean to make something "manifest?"
To make known what has been hidden; to make visible/clear
3. How has the righteousness of God been manifested?
Apart from the law
4. Give a brief description of "faith."
Belief, trust in
5. When Paul says, "there is no distinction, for all have sinned," to whom is he referring?
Jew and Gentile
6. Paul goes on to say that we all "fall short of the glory of God." What event in human history does this phrase reference?
Creation in Genesis
7. What does it mean to "fall short of the glory of God?"
Sin is missing the mark
8. What does it mean for God to justify someone?
To render, just on innocent
9. What is a propitiation?
A means of appeasing
10. Why did God give Jesus as a propitiation?
God's wrath is satisfied
11. What is the basis for God's justification of sinners? (In other words, what is it built on?)
The "mercy seat" of the ark of the covenant
12. How does justification become operative in a person's life? Be specific.
By faith: believing, active trust
13. When Paul uses the word "forbearance" to describe God's dealing with sin before Jesus came, what does he mean?
Does this mean God turned a blind eye to sin? Explain.
Toleration, self restraint; no God was looking towards what he would do with Jesus
14. What two conclusions did we draw from the fact that God had passed over former sins (3:25)?
1. God demonstrated His righteousness in Jesus in relation to sin, both past and present
2. The sacrificial system was never intended by God to take away sin
15. What does Paul mean when he says "law of faith" in Romans 3:27?
Faith the way God has given for justification
16. How does the faith that Paul describes in Romans 3 uphold the law?
Faith is the "ruling" principle in salvation. We uphold the law.
17. In Romans 4, Paul uses Abraham as evidence for his teaching on justification by faith. Why is Abraham so important to Paul's argument?
1. If Abraham was justified by works, Paul's teaching about justification was wrong.
2. Paul wants to show the connection between faith and the promise God made to Abraham.
3. Paul wants to show that Abraham is the " father" of all who have faith in God.
18. Write out the key verse from Genesis that Paul uses to support his argument about the nature of Abraham's faith.
Genesis 15:6 " Abraham believed god, and it was counted to him as righteousness."
19. What conclusions were drawn concerning saving faith?
1. The faithfulness of God
2. The goodness of God
3. The trustworthiness of God
1. In chapter 4 of Romans, we learn that Abraham was justified by faith, not works. According to Romans 4:16, why does justification depend on faith?
So that the promise may rest on God's grace mot human effort
2. What does this truth teach us about God?
God is gracious
3. What does it teach us about salvation?
Salvation is not based on works but on trust
4. Read Romans 4:16-17. According to these verses, who was the object of Abraham's faith?
5. List the five statements given in class that show the quality of Abraham's faith.
-" in hope he believed against hope..."
- " he did not weaken in his faith..."
- " no distrust made him waver..."
- " he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to a God"
- " fully convinced that God is able to do what He had promised"
6. List the three conclusions we made concerning Abraham's faith and its relation to us.
1. We can have the same faith as Abraham
2. We can be Abraham's sons and daughters in the faith
3. We are to have the same kind of faith
7. What are the blessings of justification that were identified in Romans 5:1-2?
Peace with God, access to God's grace, confidence we will share in his glory
8. Romans 5:1 says, "We have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." Is this peace objective or subjective in nature?
Describe the difference between objective peace and subjective peace.
Objective; objective- fact, subjective - feeling
9. To have peace with God, a person must be: (two part answer)
Justified by faith and in Jesus Christ
10. Paul says that we have "access by faith into the grace in which we stand." What does it mean to "stand in grace?"
We have received and still proses
11. What two truths does Romans 5:2 reveal?
1. Jesus is the doorway for us to experience God's grace
2. God's grace becomes the foundation for our relationship to him. We " stand" in grace
12. When Paul says, "We rejoice in hope of the glory of God" (5:2) the word rejoice could also be translated "boast."
According to what has already been taught in Romans, what are we to NOT boast in?
According to this verse (5:2), what are we to boast in?
Don't boast in heritage,boast in God's glory
13. Define "hope."
Expectation or confidence, to anticipate with pleasure
14. Define "fear."
Expecting bad from loss, sadness, and dread
15. The hope that we have in Jesus Christ leads Paul to say that we can also rejoice in present suffering. What is the result of suffering with hope, as seen in Romans 5:3-4?
Fulfillment of what God has promised
16. What two conclusions were drawn concerning suffering?
1. God uses suffering to strengthen and transform our lives.
2. God's love enables us to suffer with hope
17. In Romans 5:6-11, Paul shows the measure of God's love for us. What are the three statements that he makes that show the condition of our lives apart from Jesus Christ?
1. We were still weak
2. We were still sinners
3. We were enemies of God
18. What act showed that God loved us, even when we were separated from Him?
Christ died for the ungodly
19. Does God save "good" people? If not, then whom does God save?What Scripture verse supports this truth?
God only saves sinners; 1 Timothy 1:15
The work Christ did in his life and death to earn our salvation
A sacrifice that bears the wrath of God against sin and thereby turns God's wrath into favor
God's justice to always act in accordance with what is right and true; also the right standing we receive by faith in Jesus Christ
Violation of divine law
You must also be able to quote Genesis 15:6. (Hint: You will find it quoted in Romans 4:3.)
Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.
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