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anthrocult 327

Terms in this set (22)

Essay 2
Chronic fatigue syndrome, an affliction characterized by extreme fatigue, muscle and joint pain, sleep problems, and difficulty concentrating, has been a medical mystery to doctors, patients, and researchers for a few decades. The condition is often stigmatized as being "more mental than physical, with patients labeled neurotic, depressed or hypochondriacal" (Grady 2009). The CDC includes both physiological and psychiatric conditions as potential causes of chronic fatigue. Many patients and medical professionals specializing in this disease take issue with this definition. "They claim that the CDC includes people whose problems are purely psychiatric, muddying the water and confounding efforts to find a physical cause" (Grady 2009). A recent study has reported that a specific virus—the xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus, or XMRV— might be the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome. Sufferers of the illness are excited at the preliminary results as it provides "vindication" and "hope for a treatment" (Grady 2009). The lead author of the study believes the virus will eventually be found in every patient with chronic fatigue syndrome, reclassifying it as an infectious disease rather than as a syndrome. Other researchers are skeptical of the preliminary findings, claiming that the findings are incomplete. Drawing from at least three course readings from the latter half of the course, consider the following questions: 1) How are dualisms (e.g. mind/body, disease/illness, subject/ object) at work in the case of chronic fatigue syndrome? 2) How do understandings of the "realness" of the disease change if attributed to psychiatric versus physiological causes? 3) How might a critical anthropologist go about questioning these dualisms?
-Ian hacking and transient mental illness

-Foucault: anatamo-politics could help us understand whether this particular population is policing themselves, relate to work and productivity. anatamo-politics comes from panopticon idea(prison with surveillance: invisible omniscience. anatamopoilicitcs notes the discipline of time and body through controlled insertion of bodies into the machinery of production. civic duty is eating healhy, exercise, and not smoking to reduce burden on society.
-•Medicine - 17th century on became instrument of power, managing categorizing, organizing people. •Biomedicine claims neutrality and universality through naturalism.
-Biopower - incites, reinforces, controls, monitors, optimizes, and organizes the forces under it: a power bent on generating forces, making them grow."• Biopower is productive.

-local biologies (having STEM parents for a whole population generation, ideas of work and productivity)
Different material and relational realties that produce different physical configurations for aging women's bodies in both places. • The reality is that their realties are different.
•Biology is not universal, it's local and is made.
• Japanese women and Canadian women have different mid life responsibilities. They inhabit a different material world
----Describes the complex interplay of history, political economy, and society that formulates the physiological iteration of bodies in a specific local times and places.
• Undoes the notion that "biology as immutable" while culture is malleable.
• Biological experiences is "not simply the result of culturally shaped interpretations of a universal physical experience but the products ...of an ongoing dialectic between biology and culture in which both are contingent".
• A means in which to take differences in physiological experience and expression